Nuove tecnologie per la mobilità

New technologies for sustainable transport

Eni plays a leading role in the decarbonization of transport thanks to its proprietary technologies and strategic agreements, through which it will contribute to making mobility increasingly sustainable and circular.

01 October 2021
13 min read
01 October 2021
13 min read

Innovative solutions to help achieve zero emissions

About 24% of global CO2 emissions come from the transport sectors. In Europe and the United States, emissions from transport are the most marked of any sector, accounting for almost 30%. Promoting sustainable transport means reducing greenhouse gases, which are the main cause of climate change, and taking on one of the world's biggest challenges: protecting the environment. In 2015 the United Nations approved its 2030 Agenda, an action programme setting out 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for everyone in government, business and society to follow, to achieve sustainable growth from an economic, social and environmental point of view. Eni's mission now is the same as it was in 2016, but with the addition of the Sustainable Development Goals. Through this combination, we will meet global challenges by actively supporting a socially fair energy transition, to preserve our planet and provide efficient, sustainable energy resources for all.

Eni's business model also provides for a decarbonization pathway aimed at reducing emissions generated throughout the life cycle of energy products and with a set of actions that will lead to the full decarbonization of processes and products by 2050. This pathway, based on existing technologies, will allow Eni to completely reduce its carbon footprint, in terms of both net emissions and net carbon intensity, and give a significant boost to strategic sectors such as sustainable mobility.

Commitments and actions for genuinely sustainable mobility

Eni is playing a leading role in promoting a holistic approach to a technology neutral sustainable transport, aiming for a combination of innovative solutions which guarantee minimal environmental impact and increased efficiency for the consumer. 

To achieve the targets we have set, we aim to improve these seven areas:  

  • Strengthening public transport through the increased use of car sharing  
  • Electricity from renewable sources combined with fast and ultrafast electric charging at service stations 
  • Low carbon and low environmental impact fuels, with the use of biofuels from biomass and waste, biomethane, hydrogen and methanol 
  • Partnerships with car makers and other industry players to promote alternative fuels and vehicle optimisation 
  • Multi-service points of sale and infrastructures that foster the distribution of all types of sources and the development of innovative services 
  • Advanced research and technology, with projects related to the development of new fuels.
Eni for 2020 – Carbon neutrality by 2050
Eni for 2020 – Carbon neutrality by 2050

Our biofuels

Unlike traditional fuels, biofuels are not derived from fossil fuels, but from plant biomass and waste, and can make an immediate contribution to the decarbonization of transport as they are compatible with existing engines and distribution infrastructure. In 2014, Eni added to its traditional business when it started producing a biofuel for diesel by transforming vegetable oils into HVO (hydrogenated vegetable oil), which, when added to diesel, becomes Eni Diesel +, Eni's premium fuel. We are using progressively smaller proportions of palm oil to produce HVO. By 2023, Eni will no longer use palm oil in its production processes. Used cooking oil (UCO) is a clear example of how the circular economy can help develop solutions for sustainable transport, starting with waste and refuse. In fact, properly collected, UCO can be used as an alternative feedstock to the vegetable oils processed in bio-refineries when producing HVO biofuel.

About 50% of the UCO collected in Italy in 2019 was processed at Eni’s bio-refinery near Venice, and will soon be processed at its plant in Gela too, thanks to Eni's partnerships with the conosortia CONOE, RenOils and Utilitalia and the agreements it has signed with several multi-utility companies in charge of waste collection and processing. With a view to environmental sustainability, Eni promotes not only waste reuse, but also the use of marginal land. Eni’s Tunisian experiment, begun in 2018, of cultivating castor oil in pre-desert soils which cannot be used for food crops, came to an end last year. It allows for the cultivation of a biomass suitable for Eni bio-refineries and therefore for the production of biocomponents for diesel. Following the positive results of the experiment, Eni began assessing whether it could move on to large-scale cultivation. This would provide feedstock for the Gela bio-refinery with a more sustainable short supply chain. To this end, a collaboration agreement was signed with the Tunisian company SNDP in December 2019.

In Africa, in coordination with the Natural Resources department, we have signed agreements in Kenya, Benin, Congo and Angola for the development of sustainable oil crops, in particular castor, the launch of targeted agricultural projects and the collection of agricultural waste and residues, for a range of initiatives that do not compete with the food chain. The aim is to provide raw material for Eni's bio-refining system, at the same time creating job opportunities and expanding agricultural activities on marginal and abandoned land, thereby avoiding areas currently used in food production.

New sustainable aviation fuels

SAFs, an acronym for Sustainable Aviation Fuel, are sustainable alternative aviation fuels that will contribute in an impactful way to the decarbonization of aviation in the short to medium term. In this respect, Eni is one of the first companies to begin production exclusively using waste and residues and without palm oil from 2023, all thanks to activities at the Taranto refinery which are based on a 0.5% share of UCO (used vegetable and cooking oils), aiming for a share reaching 2% in the near future . Estimates foresee a doubling of the current bio-refining capacity of 1.1 million tonnes/year over the next four years, growing to 5/6 million tonnes/year by 2050. The objective is to reach a biojet production capacity of at least 500 thousand tonnes/year by 2030, with a steady growth of its importance within the Eni brand product mix. This will be a product made exclusively from waste raw materials such as UCO and fats. “Eni Biojet” will contain 100% biogenic component and can be combined with conventional jet fuel in an up to 50% mix. The distillation of bio-components produced in Eni's biorefineries in Gela and Porto Marghera (Venice) using Eni's proprietary Ecofining™ technology will be equally important for growth. This is yet another step on the path to decarbonizing all Eni products and processes by 2050.

Eni launches sustainable aviation fuel production

Eni for 2020 – Carbon neutrality by 2050
Eni for 2020 – Carbon neutrality by 2050

Sustainable mobility agreements

Proprietary car sharing, agreements with major players in the transport sector and the production of biomethane from food waste are just some of the fields in which Eni has signed agreements relating to sustainable mobility. A new road to the future of transport.

Eni and Aeroporti di Roma: working together for the development of biofuels for aviation

September 2021 saw the launch of the collaboration between our company and Aeroporti di Roma (ADR), with an agreement that provides for the development of decarbonization and digitalisation projects to support ADR managed airports in their transition to "smart hubs". A notable feature of the agreement will see the introduction of sustainable fuels for aviation (SAF) and for ground handling (HVO). This will lead to a reduction in CO2 emissions compared to fossil fuels. A joint programme for the development of sustainable mobility and distribution services to end customers will also be put in place, as well as energy integration projects.

This link between Eni and ADR did not come about by chance, since ADR, Italy’s leading airport hub and best airport in Europe for the past three years, has been carbon neutral since 2013 and has committed to eliminating all its emissions by 2030. The target has been endorsed by ACA 4+ accreditation (the only time the highest level of certification for the reduction of CO2 emissions at airports has been awarded to a European airport). Since then, the target has been reinforced with the recent issue of a € 500 million sustainability-linked bond that directly links the cost of debt to the sustainability results achieved - a world first for an airport.

Eni and Aeroporti di Roma agreement for the development of biofuels for aviation

Eni gas e luce and Hyundai, an agreement for electric mobility


In October 2021, Eni gas e luce and Hyundai signed an agreement for the development of electric mobility in Italy, thanks to which Hyundai dealers will be able to offer both their private and business customers the sale and installation of wallboxes or charging points of various sizes and power capacities from the Eni gas e luce E-Start range. Hyundai's business customers will also be able to combine charging solutions for electric vehicles with energy efficiency measures to improve energy performance, with no upfront investment or running costs for the end customer. 

Eni and FNM join forces for an Italian Hydrogen Valley project

Eni recently signed a letter of intent with FNM, the leading integrated group in sustainable mobility in Lombardy, to promote the decarbonization of Lombardy’s transport sector through the use of new energy sources.

The signed letter of intent provides an outline of possible collaborations and initiatives in fields including the introduction of fuels and energy vectors with the ability to reduce CO2 emissions from the thermal combustion engines of transport vehicles. But also the introduction of models for capturing, storing and using CO2 generated through hydrogen production processes for use in transport vehicles, and the introduction of hydrogen distribution points for private road mobility.

The collaboration is also part of the H2iseO project implemented by FNM and Trenord (a subsidiary of FNM), which aims to make Sebino and Valcamonica the first Italian “Hydrogen Valley”.

FNM and Eni join forces to accelerate the energy transition in the transport sector

Eni with Inalca and Havi Logistics

Eni signed a national agreement with Inalca and Havi Logistics in January 2020 for the production and use of biomethane for haulage made from agri-food waste in the meat sector. The initiative aims to promote a new energy chain to support the transition of transport towards a low-impact transport system based entirely on renewable sources. Another element of Eni's integrated strategy for sustainable transport, which aims to develop all potential avenues in terms of decarbonization.



Electric transport à la Eni

Eni has a four-year programme to install electric charging points at around 350 service stations. The development plan for electric charging points will see super-fast (350 kW) charging stations set up on roads with a lot of traffic. These will provide up to 60 miles of driving power in just 5 minutes, thanks to our agreement with Ionity, a joint venture between some of the top car makers. In city centres the plan calls for the installation of fast electric charging posts (50 kW).

Eni gas e luce, which operates in the retail and business market for gas, electricity and energy solutions, has also chosen to offer new solutions to support electric mobility, which can be customised according to customers’ needs. Thanks to E-start, for example, the company aims to provide charging infrastructure to both houses and blocks of flats, as well as public facilities and offices. Eni gas e luce offers customisable solutions for electric transport, based on customers’ needs, with charging points and services. These range from wallboxes for homes to points for business customers. In addition, as part of Eni's decarbonization and energy transition strategy, which has committed to being a leader in the sale of decarbonised products by 2050, an agreement was signed in February 2021 between Eni gas e luce and Be Charge, a Be Power S.p.A. Group company, for the installation of co-branded, public-access charging points for electric vehicles throughout Italy. The points will be powered by green energy supplied by Eni gas e luce, certified by European guarantees of origin and produced by plants powered 100% by renewable sources. From March 2021, all car vehicle owners in Italy will be able to take advantage of a 50% discount on their first charge at one of the stations using the Be Charge charging app. Furthermore, in August 2021, Eni gas e luce signed an agreement to acquire 100% of Be Power S.p.A.. With more than 5,000 charging points for electric vehicles on public land, Be Power is the second largest Italian operator in terms of the spread of charging infrastructure for electric mobility.

Enjoy vehicle sharing

Enjoy is Eni's car-sharing service, which aims to reduce the number of private vehicles, lower traffic congestion and improve the quality of life for people living and working in cities. Enjoy was launched in Milan in December 2013 and is now active in Milan, Rome, Florence, Turin and Bologna. Entirely managed through an app, it is based on a "free-floating" model which lets you pick up and drop off the cars in any place within the area covered by the service. In addition, biodegradable products and dry-cleaning are used to clean the cars (with an average saving of 300 litres of water). At the end of 2019, Enjoy had around 1 million subscribers (with an average of 400 new members per day). The Enjoy fleet has 2,500 Fiat 500s (56% of which are mild hybrids) and around one hundred Fiat Doblòs (some of which run on methane).

From 2022, the Enjoy fleet will also include XEV YOYO zero-emission electric cars. Launched in May 2021, the YOYO is the first fully electric city car from XEV and can be driven from the age of 16 with a B1 licence. It will soon be possible to use the battery swapping Battery Xchange service. This scheme means no more waiting for hours to charge car batteries, now they can be easily swapped in just a few minutes, giving you fresh energy and maximum freedom to travel. A further expansion of our offer of sustainable services and products.

The project is part of the agreement signed by Eni with XEV, the innovative car manufacturer founded in Turin. Eni will be the first company in Europe to provide electric battery swapping at selected Eni service stations from 2022.

Eni and XEV, agreement for zero-emission mobility and zero charging time

Eni and Toyota: an agreement on hydrogen to reduce emissions

Hydrogen is an energy vector that offers many opportunities in the short-to-medium term for reducing emissions from transport. Vehicles run on fuel cells combine hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity, guaranteeing charging and driving times similar to those in traditional vehicles run on internal combustion. As part of its work in sustainable hydrogen transport, in 2019 Eni signed two partnership agreements with Toyota, which will make fuel cell cars available for hydrogen transport testing. The agreements also provide for the construction by Eni of two new service stations, which will supply hydrogen at 700 bar, one in the San Donato Milanese area and the other in the metropolitan city of Venice, in Mestre. The service station will be open from early 2022. Eni has also signed an agreement with the council of the metropolitan city of Venice for the development of an integrated and experimental hydrogen platform.

Eni and Toyota: an agreement on hydrogen to reduce emissions

Gas for transport, a vector of transition: CNG, LNG and bio-methane

Methane is one of the most technologically mature of the alternative fuels. It is at hand thanks to a distribution network of around 1,300 sales points and a consolidated market in Italy. Eni uses a circular approach to recover biomass and waste from the agricultural and livestock chain and sets up plants to produce biomethane. It aims to promote the entire biomethane supply chain and to this end has made collaborative agreements with Consorzio Italiano Biogas, Coldiretti and Confagricoltura, and talks with biogas producers to encourage them to make biomethane through anaerobic digestion of biomass, farm waste and the organic solid urban waste. By strengthening its distribution network, Eni will play an important role in getting compressed natural gas (CNG) used more widely in cars and liquefied natural gas (LNG) in HGVs.  By the end of 2019, the Eni network had around 200 sales points (around 100 of them actually owned by Eni) supplying methane gas and five sales points (two of them owned) supplying liquid methane. Over the next four years, i.e. 2020–2023, 50 new sales points supplying methane (around 40 in partnership with Snam Rete Gas) and 10 new LNG sales points (for expanding the HGV segment) are planned, in addition to the two already in existence.

Eni's network currently has 14 LNG sales points, which will rise to 20 at the end of 2022 and 40 at the end of 2024. Those supplying compressed methane will rise from the current 104 to 120 in 2022 and 140 in 2024.

Eni and FRI-EL: a new boost to biogas production

Through Ecofuel, the subsidiary responsible for managing investments in the field of the circular economy, Eni has signed a deal to acquire FRI-EL Biogas Holding, leader in the Italian biogas production segment. The company owns 21 plants for power generation using biogas from agricultural biomass and livestock waste and a plant for processing OFMSW – the organic fraction of municipal solid waste – which Eni intends to convert to biomethane production. This will allow more than 50 million cubic metres per year to be supplied to the network and distributed to Eni service stations, both as compressed and liquefied natural gas (CNG and LNG).

Biogas results from the degradation of various organic substances through bacteria in the absence of oxygen. The energy contained in the chemical bonds is then released and stored mainly in methane (CH4), which is the main constituent of biogas together with carbon dioxide (CO2). Biomethane, separated from CO2, is a highly energy-efficient compound and a fuel that can significantly reduce GHG emissions, especially when produced from raw materials such as agricultural waste and OFMSW from separate waste collection.

Through this transaction, Eni is lending further strength to its growth in the circular economy, laying the foundations for becoming the leading Italian producer of biomethane and providing customers with a tool for more sustainable mobility. It’s one more step in accelerating the process of complete decarbonization by 2050 that the company has undertaken.

Eni acquires FRI-EL Biogas Holding, a leading national producer biogas

The new Eni Live Station: from service station to “mobility point”

Eni Stations have been transformed into Eni Mobility Points, with services dedicated to mobility, people and the car, hand in hand with the new Eni Live App. This is a way to improve existing assets by giving them a new role, integrating the use of traditional fuels with new energy vectors and a range of services to meet the demands of customers on the move.

Eni Stations offer services ranging from long-distance to urban mobility, including those designed to facilitate even the shortest of journeys, with bus terminals and Enjoy and hire car pick-up points for you to continue your onward journey. Eni Parking is another new service, with car parks built at a number of Eni Stations and at disused Eni sites that have been redeveloped and improved.

The new Eni Stations fit perfectly with the evolution required for the mobility of the future, with new energy vectors, a fundamental part of the current transition, new station developments with the installation of fast and ultrafast charging stations, as well as the option to choose increasingly sustainable fuels. A nationwide network will mean drivers can fill their cars with hydrogen, BioCNG and BioLNG, electricity and, in the future, also HVO biofuels. This is all thanks to an increase in the supply of biofuels, with Eni's bio-refinery production capacity rising to 2 million tonnes by 2024.

This will all mean more services for the energy transition and a digital turnaround through the use of apps, such as Enjoy and the new Eni Live, which replaced the Enistation+ and Business apps from June 2021. The new station is both physical and virtual, with the cloud-based management of the entire network of over 4,000 service points, in direct contact with customers 24 hours a day.

“At Eni, we want to seize the opportunities unleashed by a transformation based on technological innovation and aimed at a new development paradigm. Opportunities like these enable us to create value for stakeholders and shareholders through a systemic approach that integrates sustainability organically and makes it part of the business.”

Claudio Descalzi

Eni employees and initiatives for sustainable mobility

Eni has come up with a plan for sustainable transport for its employees, which includes a series of actions aimed at reducing emissions from home-work travel, such as:

  • Encouraging car sharing.
  • Local public transport passes for employees with advantageous deals.

Transport solutions and tests

The circular economy represents an incredible driving force for the development of new sustainable transport solutions as it makes it possible to effectively use scrap and waste in new transport products with a reduced environmental impact.

Testing in Venice

Venice is the site of an example of the circular economy. The oil used by its citizens to fry their food is delivered to a separate collection service, then transformed into the biofuel that powers the public water transport services. From 1 April to 31 October 2018, all AVM/Actv water services used the new fuel, whose vegetable component is produced at the bio-refinery at Porto Marghera, which turns raw material of biological origin, including used cooking oil and animal fats, into biofuel.

Testing in Turin

Six hundred and fifty buses from the Gruppo Torinese Trasporti (GTT) fleet, normally fed with traditional diesel, used the new fuel with HVO from July to October 2017. The test conducted in the city of Turin demonstrated the economic and environmental advantages of using biofuel.

PDF 25.75 MB
PDF 16.77 MB
PDF 2.48 MB
PDF 6.23 MB