Livorno: a journey of transformation towards a new biorefinery

Chemist in the Livorno laboratory

 

The Livorno refinery is of strategic importance to the Italian economic system and we are planning to convert it into a bio-refinery, following the successful models implemented in Venice in 2014 and Gela in 2019. 

Project features

Activity start date: 1954 - present

Italy

Bioenergy
Bioenergy
Refining
Refining

Eni

Project development and operation

The Livorno refinery has a long industrial tradition. Eni has managing it since 1954, but the first activities began in 1938. Over the decades, its facilities have been completely upgraded and the refinery has been a key facility for refining in Italy for a long time, thanks in part to two oil pipelines connecting it with the port of Livorno and the Florence depot, the presence of a large tank part and numerous platforms for loading road and rail tankers. 

 

The conversion of the industrial site into a biorefinery, a strategic decision in our decarbonization pathway, involves halting crude oil imports and subsequently shutting down the lubricant production lines and the topping plant. We plan to ensure the distribution of fuels throughout the area by importing finished and semi-finished products.

 

To recover the used cooking oil collected by employees, the refinery has also launched the Oilà project, an initiative inspired by the circular economy, which has also been launched at other Eni sites and transforms an extremely harmful waste, such as used vegetable oil, into a new energy resource.

The creation of new biorefinery plants

The refinery conversion project, as we await the approval of official authorisations, includes the construction of three new facilities for the production of hydrogenated biofuels:  

  • a biogenic feedstock pre-treatment unit 
  • an Ecofining™ plant  
  • a plant for the production of hydrogen from methane gas.  

The plants will process various biogenic feedstocks, mainly vegetable waste and residue, to produce HVO diesel, HVO naphtha and bio-LPG.  

The creation of the biorefinery will ensure a productive and employment future for Livorno.

Highlights
> 400
people

working at the refinery


500
K ton/y

future Ecofining™ plant production capacity


3
new plants

for the biorefining already in place


> 400
people

working at the refinery

500
K ton/y

future Ecofining™ plant production capacity

3
new plants

for the biorefining already in place

Expand

Documentation

Last update: 23 February 2024


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