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Global energy scenarios

The energy sector must ensure access to safe and increasingly clean energy for a growing world population.

How the world of energy is changing

The global energy sector will present major challenges and opportunities in the coming years: from population to consumption growth, from energy security to climate change

Today, there are 8 billion people in the world, and further growth of around 20% is expected by 2050. It will concentrate in Africa, India and South-East Asia. In addition to population growth, energy consumption is expected to rise. Although it is stable in OECD countries, it is growing rapidly in India, South-East Asia, Africa and the Middle East.

The energy world is also characterised by evolving markets. Governments, institutions and companies are called upon to ensure reliability and efficiency of supply and, as confirmed by COP27, the commitment to keep global warming below 1.5°C compared to pre-industrial levels.

Key numbers

Here are some essential figures to understand the challenges and opportunities for the energy sector.


people by 2050 (United Nations), more than 85% concentrated in emerging countries


people without access to electricity in 2021, growing further in 2022 (IEA)


increase in energy consumption by 2050 (vs. 2021) in emerging countries (IEA)


(Giga tons) CO₂ emissions in 2021 (+5.3% vs 2020)

World Energy Review: Eni's report on the global energy sector

The World Energy Review is the statistical review on energy worldwide edited and presented by Eni. It is a precious resource for understanding the changes that are taking place and the energy transition process.

World Energy Review

Eni presents the second module of its annual statistical review now in its 22nd edition.

The role of natural gas

From the earliest uses to the construction of major transportation infrastructure to the LNG breakthrough: the gas market has evolved along with major changes in the sector.

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