The development of national gas resources in Ghana is a priority to improve energy access and create an additional source of income for the country. Natural gas, available locally at affordable prices, guarantees a more stable, clean and safe energy supply. We purchased land from the Sanzule community located in the western region of Ghana for the Cape Three Points (OCTP) Offshore project and to build the Onshore reception plants for the gas from the Sankofa field. The purchase of around 96 hectares of land directly affected 205 families who were not relocated because they use the land for their livelihood. To manage the socio-economic changes that resulted from the construction of the plant, we launched a programme to restore income-generating activities in the local community and improve the living conditions of the beneficiaries in a sustainable way. The Livelihood Restoration Plan (LRP), part of the wider Environmental and Social Action Plan (ESAP), was set-up in compliance with international standards, in particular with the IFC PS5 (International Finance Corporation Performance Standard number 5) on land acquisition and involuntary resettlement, this also fulfilled the contractual obligations for receiving OCTP-related loans. The programme was set-up to restore the livelihoods of families through food support in the transitional phase, a training programme on financial management to ensure correct management of the compensation received following the land purchase and the start-up of new sustainable businesses. In particular, we promote the launch of agricultural activities, cattle breeding, aquaculture and market access.
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is an action programme signed in September 2015 by 193 UN member states. It includes 17 goals for socio-economic development of communities and local areas. In line with the eighth goal, this project promotes development-oriented policies that support productive activities, the creation of decent work, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation. In addition, we help to encourage the set-up and growth of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises, including with access to financial services (Goal 8).
For us, workplace safety is a fundamental principle that we share with employees, contract workers and local communities. That is why we implement all the necessary measures to avoid accidents, including organisational models to assess and manage risks, training programmes, skills development and the promotion of a culture of safety.
How we take challenges
After distributing the packages containing the material for beneficiaries to start businesses, some of them asked for them to be replaced with other solutions that they thought would be more useful. To solve this problem, we explained the importance of focussing on future revenue flows to develop businesses, but also the importance of restoring income-generating businesses for the community. Together with Technoserve, an NGO supporting the development of the project, we also worked closely with the elderly of the local community to share the modus operandi. In general, together with the NGO we managed a complaint management system which proved to be very useful in resolving any community tensions.
My parents couldn't afford welding school so when I was given this opportunity I decided to give it a try. Eni took me to a master welder who taught me the trade. I will leave the workshop soon and open my own. I have all the necessary tools. I also intend to train anyone who needs and wants to learn
Impact on the environment and communities
Although the advantages of OCTP affect the whole of Ghana, LRP focuses on the area surrounding the Onshore Receiving Facility which receives the gas and compresses it before introducing it into the local domestic network. With an investment of 3.9 million dollars, the LRP provides for the development of entrepreneurial activities in the fields of single succession crops, animal husbandry, aquaculture and fishing, processing techniques and training. Participants chose a maximum of two different economic projects to develop and the joint venture will provide capacity building, direct investment and support for three years for the benefit of 1,412 people.
Aquaculture was chosen by 62 families who will benefit from the setting up and management of tanks for collection and sale aimed at generating revenues. The project also includes fish and cassava processing, refrigeration and storage, soap production, bread making, feed production, food and corn processing, but also professional and technical activities such as mechanical workshops, clothes and accessories manufacturing, hairdressing, welding, carpentry, masonry, shoemaking, curing services, payment services and shops. The different parties involved are establishing a virtuous circle that stimulates market growth and is capable of creating value at the local level.
Finally, the Business and Market Fair recently held in Sanzule, where project participants put their products on sale (bread and derivatives, eggs, soaps, clothes and accessories), is another example of the recent initiatives involving the Western Region of Ghana that contribute to the development of the area.
I nostri risultati a oggi
Alcuni highlight per raccontare il successo delle attività finora sviluppate
3.9 mln $
invested in the project
benefiting from the LRP
involved in the project
who have chosen to develop aquaculture activities
Technoserve is an NGO (non-governmental organisation) that works with small entrepreneurs in more than 40 developing countries to build competitive farms, businesses and industries. In Ghana, it works closely with the people involved in the project to ensure the continuity and growth of new businesses set-up in the area, supporting them through training in business management and mentoring from expert technicians.