Access to energy
In 2010 the Karachaganak Petroleum Operating (KPO) consortium, in which Eni participates, provided $15 million for the completion of the power grid and $ 13 million for the construction of a heating grid of a 54 MW gas turbine power station built in the Uralsk city .
Our commitment to social initiatives has been a distinctive characteristic in dealing with the communities of the countries in which we operate, since the days of our founder Enrico Mattei. The close interaction between social and natural sciences is critical for the success of the project Ural River Park Project (URPP), the environmental protection initiative we promoted in Kazakhstan. The commitment to reconcile the protection of the territory and development involves local people in various ways, such as enabling local communities to manage wetlands, building their capacity to understand and manage resources and strengthening ties with local authorities and those responsible for environmental protection. In fact, the commitment to protection and conservation can only succeed if local communities recognise the benefits that can result. Of particular note are infrastructure works, in collaboration with national institutions and international partners. Public works in the area of the capital Astana include the renovation of the health centre with areas for children in the vicinity of the Borovoye National Park and the construction of the National Library of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Administration Building of Astana city located in the financial district, plus a number of residential complexes. Over the years, a large number of schools, kindergartens, hospitals, buildings for the social activities of the community have been built in the region of West Kazakhstan, in addition to the construction or renovation of hundreds of kilometres of roads. In Uralsk, the construction of the Youth and Schoolchildren’s Palace is underway, intended for educational initiatives, sports, culture and entertainment. In the Mangistau region on the Caspian Sea two multi-function sports centres were built between 2013 and 2014, along with financial support for the design stage and the award of the contract for the construction and operation of a shipyard on the Caspian Sea. In the cultural sphere, we have supported a number archaeological expeditions in the Valley of Kargali, near Almaty, which led to the discovery of priceless artefacts, also the subject of a successful exhibition in Italy. A number of publications and guides, celebrating the historical, religious and cultural diversity of the country have also been financed.
KPO has shared with local authorities a local content development programme. The development of local suppliers is promoted through a series of initiatives: for example, KPO support for local businesses in adapting to international standards in terms of quality, health and safety.
Since 2001 we have promoted a series of initiatives to improve the health of populations through support for local health care systems both within and outside the area in which we operate. A sanatorium was donated to the community by Eni in 2004: completed in 18 months, and spread over an area of 38,000 square metres, it comprises 125 rooms, a medical centre and sports centre. It is located in a unique natural environment characterised by the clean air of the pine forests, mud-baths, water that improves health and promotes the rehabilitation of guests. In addition, in partnership with the Ministry of Education we supported the restructuring of a study and wellness centre for Baldauren children. Our health initiatives also involve the construction of a range of health facilities, including:
- the capital repair of a cardiology centre and the construction of a hospital for infectious diseases in Uralsk
- the construction of a new medical facility in Kaztalovka with 150 beds, among the best equipped in the country
- the refurbishment of the Aksai hospital, with the reopening of departments dedicated to paediatrics, infectious diseases and emergency services.
In 2010 KPO provided electronic medical equipment for the Burlin District hospital in Aksai and supported the treatment at a health centre of 180 elderly villagers living around the operating site.
In education, an important collaboration with the Nazarbayev University Research and Innovation System, connected with the Nazarbayev University in Astana, led in 2012 to the foundation of an Eni research laboratory for environmental engineering. In the area of the Karachaganak field, a scholarship programme has been run since November 2010 aimed at graduates of rural districts, to increase the number of qualified technicians, to work in the Burlin District for two years following the end of their studies. In 2013, the programme involved 12 graduates, 17 in 2015. KPO conducts education and professional projects that link the teaching of English to improve access to the labour market. All of the teachers involved in the programmes for primary and secondary education are local. The children, 250 in 2014, come from Aksai and the Burlin District, for a total of eleven schools. Training for adults has been developed by experts from the British Council. In 2014 twenty teachers from the Burlin District were trained. Since 2004, KPO provides vouchers (150 in 2015) for summer camps for children, with educational, sporting and cultural activities. Finally, each year since 1999, more than 160 Kazakh children from families in difficulty, are welcomed in Cesenatico on the Adriatic Sea at a summer camp where they are involved in different educational and entertainment activities, particularly on health issues.
Eni was one of the first international Oil & Gas companies to enter Kazakhstan in the early 1990s. Over the years the company has maintained a strong presence in two of the country’s largest projects: Eni is co-operator in the Karachaganak field and a partner in the North Caspian Sea Production Sharing Agreement (NCSPSA). In all its activities, Eni is committed to taking action to promote respect for people and their rights, for the environment, and, in general, the interests of the communities in which it operates. It conducts its activities by taking full account of the link between its operations and the environment. In the context of environmental protection, in 2014 an innovative monitoring system was tested: the project, created by Eni, foresees the use of an automatic underwater vehicle (AUV) capable of monitoring the environment and the asset integrity of the production plant. For the protection of biodiversity and ecosystem services a programme has been completed for the recognition of the nature reserve of the state of Ak Zhaik, located in the Ural River Delta in the Caspian Sea region for the management of the biodiversity of the Ural Delta (Ural River Park Project - URPP). It is the first public-private co-operation project of its kind in the Caspian Sea region, and is aimed at protecting the environment and ecosystem of the area. In 2014, the project was officially included by UNESCO in the Man and Biosphere Programme http://www.unesco.org/new/en/natural-sciences/environment/ecological-sciences/man-and-biosphere-programme/.
With regard to monitoring and the reduction of GHG emissions, Eni is supporting its partner KPO in the implementation of a monitoring programme for the calculation and description of fugitive emissions, in line with the strictest international standards.
In 2013, the EITI Board declared Kazakhstan “EITI compliant”. The EITI in Kazakhstan is managed by the National Stakeholders Council (NSC), which represents the Multi Stakeholder Group (MSG) in the country. The NSC is an independent body that established in November 2005 by decrees issued simultaneously by the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources. The NSC is composed of representatives of the government, parliament, civil society and the companies operating in the extractive sector (KazEnergy Association, Association of Mining and Metallurgical Companies and Shell). Eni, through Agip Karachaganak BV, is a member of the KazEnergy Association, which in turn is part of the NSC. In 2015 the Kazakh subsidiary participated in 5 meetings of the KazEnergy Association.
Eni supports the EITI and collaborates by providing the quantitative data required. The last country report, published in May 2015, relates to 2014 data and was prepared in accordance with the EITI Standard.
Having achieved compliance in 2013, the NSC has begun a review process of the Work Plan which includes the decentralisation of the EITI implementation process through regional multi-stakeholder groups. Another goal of the NSC has been to establish a platform for dialogue to increase the representation of civil society within the NSC. In order to streamline the reporting process for the extractive sector, the local multi-stakeholder group has decided to create an online portal for the dissemination of EITI data.