Libya sustinability
Eni respects the local communities and the areas it works in. It has always been committed to socio-economic, health and environmental projects that improve the standard of life of the inhabitants. Sustainability is key to our presence in Libya. We support the development of the territory by investing in the education of children and provide local communities with access to health services; we also invest in programmes aimed at safeguarding the artistic heritage of the country and use the most innovative technology to reduce the ecological footprint left by our activities.

Socio-economic development

Eni supports sustainability in Libya by setting up projects aimed at improving the local socio-economic conditions and at launching innovative business initiatives. In order to do this, in 2006, Eni North Africa signed the protocol Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the main Libyan institutions, the objective of which was to increase the investment programmes for the communities located close to the Oil & Gas plants. Furthermore, in 2009, the company started most of their training initiatives at local level, setting up activities that have brought exceptional results, such as an increase in the number of beneficiaries of the projects and a reduction in costs, thus enhancing the quality of the services proposed.

Local cultural heritage

History has left a deep, indelible mark on Libya. There are countless archaeological sites of great historical value, which are part of humanity’s cultural heritage. Eni believes that the protection of this unique, precious heritage is a resource for sustainable development, just as it is a great opportunity for local socio-economic development. In 2009, Eni financed the restoration of the ancient Roman mosaics in Villa Lebda, under the guidance of an Italian team of experts and the technical supervision of the Roma Tre University and the Libyan Department of Archaeology (DOA). The construction of a new pavilion in the museum situated on the archaeological site was included in the programme, along with work for the maintenance and restoration of the building. Eni also financed the restructuring of the museum complex at Sabratah being careful to respect completely the features of the old original buildings.


Following the serious period of crisis in Libya, the health system suffered enormously and had difficulty dealing with the increasing demand for medical assistance. The lack of a health minister led to problems in the supply of health equipment and medicine for most of the main public hospitals. Besides this, the evacuation of foreign medical staff reduced the actual technical capacity of these hospitals, since there was a lack of qualified staff. With this backdrop, Eni operates on a two-tiered level. In the first place, the emergency health service support was provided swiftly and successfully, as was clinical and surgical support at the hospitals in the most densely populated areas. The aid was mainly in the form of the supply of medicines, devices and health equipment along with ambulances for emergency transport to the selected hospitals. Furthermore, with the perspective to give support to the local MoH in this restructuring phase of the health services, Eni intends to continue with its strategy of functional renovation and the improvement of health services with interventions foreseeing the following action:
  • Further prompt supply of particularly urgent medicine and health devices 
  • Supply of diagnostic equipment of particular importance and the provisions necessary in the recipient structures
  • Emphasis on the work of “capacity building” for the health staff and technical assistance at a distance by means of courses, video conferences, tele-medicine services and study tours at some of the most prestigious Italian health institutions. Over the next few months, magnetic resonance equipment will be delivered, installed and tested, the use of which will assist the work of the Istituto Oncologico Europeo (European Oncological Institute) and this organisation will supply technical assistance to local doctors for the diagnosis and clinical/surgical management of neo-plasic pathologies.

The OHSAS 18001 health and safety management system

Eni has always placed the protection of its employees’ health and the communities it works in at the centre of its objectives, always complying with the laws and aiming for excellence. For this reason Eni has equipped itself with a management system based on the international norms OHSAS 18001 which are used in a standard way in all its operational activities. In 2014, the programme for the implementation of the health management system continued in all of Eni’s companies with complete compliance of the norms and Eni received certification for all the controlled companies that have a significant HSE risk profile. The business areas completed the health surveillance programmes with a final balance calculation in line with what was predicted by the expert medical staff. In 2015, Eni North Africa BV, Eni’s Libyan branch, which also has offices in Malta, renewed the OHSAS 18001 certification for the health and safety management of its employees. In order to assess the potential impact of health projects on the communities involved, Eni’s Upstream sector completed 32 studies in 2014 both for HIA studies and integrated ESHIA (Environmental and Social Health Impact Assessment). The assessments of the impact were carried out in numerous countries, among which was Libya.


We started the internal and external restructuration of five primary and primary-high schools in the Libyan cities of Zuwarah, Zliten, Abdallah Ben Massoud, Bengasi and Sirt with a total of 3 thousand students involved in the initiative. Apart from the structural renewal, each school was equipped with high-tech ICT for e-learning. Moreover, Eni supplied the school with new classrooms, desks, blackboards, chairs, carpets and other furniture and new technical laboratories were inaugurated as well as external areas using high quality eco-sustainable material.

With the support of Eni Corporate University, the University of Pretoria (School for the health system and public health) and International SOS Global Services doctors, in 2009, 18 Libyan doctors were trained in health and occupational medicine involving the graduates that had achieved the highest results. The training modules consisted of year-long intensive courses, combined with on-the-job training sessions in Italy in Eni’s headquarters and in South Africa in the University of Pretoria. At the end of the training courses, the apprentices were awarded internationally recognised certificates. One of these is the Diploma in Occupational Medical Health (DOMH) issued by the University of Pretoria. The 18 doctors are the first Libyan specialist in occupational medical health in the Oil & Gas sector.


In 2015 Eni North Africa BV, Eni’s Libyan branch with offices also in Malta, renewed the ISO 14001 certification for its environmental management system.. As far as the management of medical waste is concerned, there is little information in Libya regarding the production, handling and disposal of hospital waste. With Eni’s support, the Seventh of April University, the Libyan Environmental General Authority (EGA), the NOC and international consultants, in 2009, procedures, techniques, transfer methods and the disposal of medical waste were implemented. This led to the positive assessment of six main hospitals and waste disposal sites and introduced the concept of "continuous improvement" on the issue of medical waste management for hospitals and also led to the development of a detailed plan of action like the pilot plan set up in Az-Zawiyah Educational Hospital. This project put some of the Eni guidelines regarding sustainability into practice, for example the “dual flag” approach: the use of eco-compatible technology combined with technical competence transferred to the local populations and the involvement of the interested parties, not least the Libyan Environmental General Authority and the MoH.

Management of water resources

Eni is particularly attentive to the reduction in the consumption of water by making use of suitable technology, such as the re-injection of water production underground, which is a particularly sensitive issue in the Libyan Desert. Mellitah Oil & Gas (MOG) in the onshore field Abu Attifel (EPSA IV - Area B), has installed a new system for the treatment of water with a capacity of 140.000 BWPD (barrels of water per day), along with two new injection pumps connected to a control system. The realisation of this project has eliminated the need to be equipped with open basins for the disposal of the water produced and has reduced the consumption of water from the acquifers to a minimum, to an average estimated at 42.8 million barrels a year of re-injected water. MOG has also started the treatment of the Bouri DP4 water developed in the offshore field El Bouri (EPSA IV - Area C). The project consists of re-injecting production water previously drained into the sea by means of a new system able to treat up to 100% of the water produced. The project became operative in the second half of 2009 and reached its goal in 2014. The issue of water production is managed in all fields with the aim to maximise the best practice of re-injection. In particular, an average of 80% of water produced was re-injected in 2014 while in 2015 it reached a total of 84%.

Gas Flaring

For over fifteen years, Eni has adopted policies to reduce the practice of gas flaring in its operational fields and has promised the host countries, such as Libya, that it will help build energy infrastructures that facilitate the use of the associated gas, give access to energy and will also reduce CO2 emissions, thanks to the use of cutting-edge technology. Currently, most of MOG’s gas flaring takes place in the offshore BOURI FIELD where a project for the re-use of such gas is being promoted (BOURI Gas Utilization Project).

Commitment by Eni North Africa has allowed for the consolidation of relationships with the local counterparts, especially with universities, which is considered fundamental for the development of the territory. The Faculty of Environmental Engineering in Sabratah, inaugurated in 2010 in Libya, was involved in various activities from research combined with waste management to training on strategic planning, to an increase in environmental analysis, not only in its capacity as a beneficiary but as a real propeller for development in the country, and also as it acted as an intermediary between the local authorities and the communities.

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Eni’s activities in Libya

Eni operates in Libya in the Exploration & Production and Gas & Power sectors.
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