Eni promotes sustainability in Libya with projects aimed at strengthening local socio-economic conditions and innovative business approaches. For the implementation of such initiatives, in 2006 Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed, between Eni North Africa and the principal Libyan institutions, aimed at increasing investment programmes for communities within vicinity from Oil & Gas facilities where Eni is participating.
Local cultural heritage
History has left a deep and indelible mark on Libya. The country has countless archaeological sites of immense historical value that are part of the cultural heritage of all mankind. For Eni, the protection of this unique and invaluable heritage is a resource for sustainable development, as well as a great opportunity for local socio-economic development. In 2009 Eni sponsored the restoration of the ancient Roman mosaics of Villa Lebda, under the guidance of a team of Italian experts and the technical supervision of the University Roma Tre and the Libyan Department of Archaeology (DOA). The programme also involved the construction of a new pavilion in the museum located at the archaeological site, civil maintenance work and the restoration of the building. Eni has also promoted the restructuring of the Sabratah museum complex in full respect of the characteristics of the original buildings.
Following a period of severe socio-political crisis in the country, the government is struggling to maintain essential health services. Increased demand for health services and a decrease in the capacity to deliver has resulted in the collapse of the health system. Many hospitals do not have the economic resources to buy drugs or to ensure the maintenance of machinery; a scenario that is compounded by a lack of adequately trained health care staff.
In this context, in 2015, an agreement was reached with the country for a support programme in order to access health services for communities nearby the Mellitah Complex/Plant, on the coast, about85 km West of Tripoli. The programme is organised into two strategic levels, short-term and long-term.
The short-term interventions are focused on the prompt supply of medicines, ambulances, medical staff and consumables for hospitals directly involved in the management of emergencies or services for communities with particularly critical health conditions due to civil unrest.
The long-term actions include a more structured improvement of access to health care through the development of projects such as the functional restoration of some hospitals, the supply of sophisticated equipment and repair of non-functioning apparatuses, the training and qualification of health staff in collaboration with Italian and European centres of excellence to support the diagnosis and treatment of particularly relevant pathologies. Within this framework, Eni is also providing technical support in terms of “capacity building” aimed at health care staff, with remote links, and involving the organisation of courses, video conferencing, telemedicine services and study tours at some of the most prestigious Italian health facilities.
In this context, Eni has completed the supply, installation and testing of equipment for Magnetic Resonance Imaging “MRI”, the use of which will be supported by the European Institute of Oncology in terms of technical assistance for local doctors for the diagnosis and the clinical/surgical management of neoplastic diseases.
The OHSAS 18001 health and safety management system
Eni has always put the protection of the health of its employees and the communities in the countries in which it operates at the centre of its objectives. Moreover, it is an approach not limited to regulatory compliance, but rather aims for excellence. This is why Eni has adopted an occupational health and safety management system based on the international standard OHSAS 18001. In 2016, Eni North Africa BV, Eni’s Libyan subsidiary, based in Malta, has renewed OHSAS 18001 certification for its occupational health and safety management system.
We began the internal and external restructuring of five primary and junior high schools in the Libyan cities of Zuwarah, Zliten, Benghazi and Sirt, affecting some 3,000 pupils. In addition to the structural refurbishment, each school has been equipped with up-to-date computer facilities for e-learning initiatives. Eni also provided the schools with new classrooms, desks, blackboards, chairs, carpets, furniture, new workshops and outdoor areas have been opened, using high quality materials and eco-sustainable solutions.
With the support of Eni Corporate University, the University of Pretoria (School of Health Systems and Public Health) and International SOS global medical services, in 2009 a project for the training of 18 Libyan doctors in occupational health and medicine was conducted. The selected doctors took part in an intensive course lasting one year, combined with training sessions in Italy, at Eni’s headquarters and in South Africa; at the University of Pretoria. Upon completion of the course, the participants were awarded internationally recognised certificates. One of these is the Diploma in Occupational Medicine and Health (DOMH), issued by the University of Pretoria. The 18 doctors are the first Libyan specialists in occupational medicine in the Oil & Gas sector.
In 2015, Eni North Africa BV renewed ISO 14001 certification for its environmental management system. With regard to the management of health care sector’s waste in Libya, little information is available about the generation, treatment and disposal of hospital waste. With the support of Eni, the University of Tripoli, the Libyan Environmental General Authority (EGA), the NOC and international consultants, 2009 saw the identification and introduction of management procedures, methods of handling and disposal techniques for hospital waste in Libya.
This led to an assessment of the adequacy of six major hospitals and some waste disposal sites and the introduction of the concept of “continuous improvement” in the field of hospital waste management along with the development of a detailed pilot action plan for the Az-Zawiyah Educational hospital. This project involved the implementation of some of the main guidelines adopted by Eni in the field of sustainability, such as the “dual flag” approach: the use of environmentally friendly technologies combined with the transfer of technical skills for local populations and the involvement of the stakeholders concerned, not least the Libyan Environmental General Authority.
Management of water resources
Eni pays particular attention to the reduction of water consumption using specific technologies, such as the re-injection of productionwater in the subsoil, which is particularly important in such sensitive areas such as the Libyan Desert. For the water re-injection project, Mellitah Oil & Gas (MOG) in the Abu Attifel onshore field (EPSA IV - Area B), installed a new water treatment system with a capacity of 140,000 BWPD (barrels of water per day), along with two new injection pumps connected to a control system. The completion of this project has eliminated the need for open ponds for the disposal of production water, and minimised water intake from aquifers, with an estimated average of 42.8 million barrels per year of re-injected water. MOG also began a comparable water disposal unit Bouri DP4 at the El Bouri offshore field (EPSA IV - Area C). This project involves the re-injection of production water, previously discharged into the sea, using a new system able to treat up to 100% of the production water. The project became operational in the second half of 2009 and was fully operational in 2014. The issue of production water is managed at all fields with the aim of maximising best practice in re-injection. In particular, the average for re-injected production water in 2014 was 80%, while in 2015 the total has reached 84%.
For more than fifteen years, Eni has adopted policies for the reduction of gas flaring in operated fields, and promoted with the governments of the host countries, as in the case of Libya, the construction of energy facilities and the adoption of cutting edge technologies, that make it possible, at the same time, to exploit the associated gas, provide access to energy and and reduce CO2 emissions. At present, the bulk of MOG gas flaring is in the offshore Bouri field, where project for the re-use of this gas (Bouri Gas Utilization Project) is underway.
The commitment of Eni North Africa has made it possible to strengthen relations with local stakeholders, in particular the universities, identified as players for territorial development. In this spirit, the Faculty of Environmental Engineering in Sabratah, inaugurated in 2010, has been involved in various activities - from joint research on waste management to training on strategic planning, and the strengthening of environmental analysis capabilities - not only as a beneficiary, but also as an authentic driver of development and an intermediary between local authorities and the community.