Enibioch4in, the Eni Sustainable Mobility company, promotes the whole bio-methane chain as a tool for decarbonisation and energy transition.

The growth of bio-methane in Italy

With the purchase in 2021 of 22 plants in Italy, of which 21 for the generation of electricity from biogas and one OFSMW (municipal solid waste) treatment plant, Enibioch4in has laid the foundations for significant growth in the bio-methane sector, aiming to convert the facilities to the production of bio-methane in order to inject over 50 million cubic metres per year into the network at full capacity.

The operation is part of Eni’s broader decarbonisation strategy, which aims to completely eliminate emissions from industrial and product processes by 2050, and represents one of the levers for the rapid growth of renewable productions, in order to make available to customers an increasing share of green and bio products (liquid bio-fuels and bio-methane), integrating with the increase in Eni service stations supplying CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) and LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) on the Italian network.  

The circular economy and bio-methane

Bio-methane production falls within the circular economy framework, and allows enhancing farming, agri-industrial waste, manure and organic waste, thus promoting the establishment between the agriculture and energy worlds with a view to long-term sustainability.

Following decree no. 340 by the Ministry of Environmental Transition (now Ministry of the Environment and Energy Security) of 15 September 2022, laying down the provisions to encourage the bio-methane introduced into the natural gas network, and produced - in compliance with sustainability requirements, pursuant to Directive 2018/2001/EU of 11 December 2018 - by newly-built agricultural and non-agricultural plants, and by agricultural biogas-fuelled power production plants subject to reconversion, through the first public tenders for participation in award procedures for access to bio-methane incentives issued by the GSE (Gestore dei Servizi Energetici - Energy Services Operator), over 1.7 billion Euro available are estimated to promote the production of 2 billion cubic metres/year before 2026: 10 times the current production.

Bio-methane production

Eni intends to promote the entire bio-methane supply chain with Collaboration Agreements with several trade organizations, also dialoguing with biogas manufacturers for the production of bio-methane deriving from the anaerobic digestion of biomass, livestock effluent and OFSMW.

Benefits and advantages

  • It is a concrete example of the circular economy
  • It is an opportunity for the enhancement of organic waste and farming by-products
  • It creates sustainable development opportunities for the local economy
  • It is a clean, renewable energy that emits practically no dust, further reducing CO₂ emissions compared to conventional fuels