he Milan conference is the first of a series organised in Italy aimed mainly at a female audience of around 1000 persons and it has examined the issue of sustainable development as an engine of growth. The event has featured two moments of reflection:
1st panel: Lessons from Africa
Leymah Gbowee, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 2011 and director of the association Women for Peace and Security in Africa, she has talked about her efforts for the involvement of women in the democratisation processes.
Esperança Bias, Minister of Mineral Resources of Mozambique, she has talked about her country’s growth, focusing on the development of the energy system and public-private partnerships.
A speech by eni’s chief executive officer, Paolo Scaroni, opened the conference.
These three speeches have highlighted how the young and dynamic African continent, despite its strong contradictions particularly in terms of violence and difficulty in accessing primary needs, presents distinctive elements, including the role of women, that bring to a higher growth rate compared to Europe.
2nd panel: Value and sustainable growth
The issues that emerge from the first discussion have served as an incentive and comparison for the second debate on development and sustainable growth in Europe. The panel, moderated by Monica Maggioni, editor of RaiNews24, was made up by:
- Ilaria Capua - Director, Department of Comparative Biomedical Science IZSVe;
- Suor Giuliana Galli – Governing Council Member, Compagnia di San Paolo;
- Lucrezia Reichlin - Director of the Economics Department at London Business School;
- Paola Severino - Professor of Criminal Law, former Minister of Justice;
- Veronica Squinzi – Global Development Director, Gruppo Mapei;
- Flavio Valeri – chief executive officer, Deutsche Bank Italia.
The logic of these conferences is to enrich the international debate with the points of view and direct experience of women as the protagonists, also through a direct comparison with the male perspective.
Important female figures will be asked to talk about their experiences and views on economic issues of great current significance from their specific and different perspective.
To this particularly innovative approach, another perspective of diversity will be added, the one of the African continent, called to enlighten the dynamics of its growth, toward whom Europe, undergoing such downturn, should look at.
Eni and Africa
For this first Italian event Eni has decided to place the African perspective at the heart of the debate. This because Africa is the area of the world that, after China, has overall grown most in recent years and is rich in raw materials. Another reason is that Eni is the first International Oil Company in terms of hydrocarbon production in Africa, where it has been operating for over fifty years and is currently present in 21 countries, leader in North Africa and continuously growing in sub-Saharan Africa.
The secret of this success is the ability to work together with African countries to take advantage of the great opportunities the continent offers, both in terms of the human potential and natural resources. To grow in Africa with Africa, investing in people and sustainable development, in cutting-edge technologies in order to operate also in difficult contexts: this modus operandi is the driver of growth for Eni and for the African countries in which eni operates.