Together towards sustainable development
In September, the General Assembly of the United Nations approved the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), to give an indication to states, in the first instance, and then to international organisations, companies and associations of the priorities to be implemented to achieve more equitable and inclusive development, while respecting the planet’s limits. In this area Eni has worked, and continues to work, with the UN’s Global Compact LEAD to promote the contribution of business in the implementation of the development goals. Moreover, in December 2015, Paris hosted the twenty-first Conference of the Parties (COP21) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) with the aim of signing a binding and universal climate agreement for post-2020, the year the second period of the Kyoto Protocol expires. On 12 December 2015, 196 participating countries agreed on a global pact called the Paris Agreement which aims to accelerate the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions through the commitment and cooperation of all countries. For Eni the agreement represents a positive step given the ambitious objectives that emerged, the willingness of industrialised countries to financially support developing countries and the commitment on the part of almost all governments to submit Voluntary National Plans for emission reductions. The plans (the so-called NDCs - Nationally Determined Contributions) of developing countries are of particular interest to Eni because they can represent a benchmark for long-term energy and national economic policies that are useful for the organisation of local development projects.