Humanity’s harnessing of wind energy dates back many years. It was the first type of renewable energy that was discovered, together with hydraulic energy, after energy produced through burning. But what is the definition of wind energy? It is the process by which the wind is used to generate mechanical energy or electricity. Currently, energy is converted through wind farms, whereas originally it was used immediately as motor power, for example in windmills.
In Europe and beyond, there are many factors that are favouring the spread of wind energy. Contributing to its development, in addition to increasingly efficient technology, is the cost of building and maintaining a wind power station; indeed, total sums are considerably lower than those for photovoltaic panel systems, for example, and the process of constructing them is also faster.