Our work in Kazakhstan

We have been present in the country since 1992, where we cooperate in the Karachaganak production field and we participate in the consortium (PSA), responsible for the Kashagan field. We also operate in the Plenitude & Power sector.


In March 2022, Eni inaugurated Badamsha 2, a new wind farm (48 MW) in the region of Aktobe, and is building a 50 MW photovoltaic plant at Shauldir, in the Southern of Kazakhstan. Arm Wind, which is fully owned by Plenitude (100% Eni), will implement Eni’s strategy in the renewables business, aimed at achieving a balanced and diversified portfolio of up to more than 6 GW of renewables capacity by 2025 and more than 15 GW by 2030. These projects, launched through Arm Wind, align with Eni’s wider commitment towards the energy transition and decarbonization and will contribute to Kazakhstan’s carbon neutrality target.  

The Kashagan and Karachaganak giants and the Isatay, Abay offshore blocks

Eni has been present in Kazakhstan since 1992 carrying out activities in the Exploration & Production sector. We are a co-operator of the Karachaganak producing field and is a part of the North Caspian Sea PSA (NCSPSA) consortium. In 2018 we became joint operator in the exploration block Isatay with KMG . In July 2019, KMG, Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan and Eni signed a contract for the exploration and production of hydrocarbons at Abay Block, which makes IOC the first joint venture holding two licenses in Kazakhstan. In 2021, the development activities of the Kashagan field (Eni’s interest 16.81%) concerned the phased expansion program of production capacity. The first development phase envisages increasing the production Management report | Consolidated financial statements | Annex 67 capacity up to 450 kbbl/d by upgrading the existing associated gas compression handling. The ongoing activities, sanctioned in 2020, mainly concerned increasing gas reinjection capacity by means of upgrading the existing facilities and delivering a part of gas volumes to a new onshore treatment unit operated by a third party, currently under construction. Within the gas treatment expansion projects of the Karachaganak field, activities concerned: 

  • the Karachaganak Debottlenecking project was completed. The construction of a fourth gas reinjection unit is currently being finalized

  •  the Karachaganak Expansion Project (KEP) to increase gas re-injection capacity progressed. The project is scheduled to be achieved in several phases. The development program of the first phase, sanctioned at the end of 2020, provides the construction of a sixth injection line, the drilling of three additional injection wells and of a new gas compression unit. Start-up is expected in 2024. The project includes an additional phase with the installation of a new treatment and compression units.

Energy from renewable sources

Eni entered the renewable energy production sector in the Country with the construction of the Badamsha 1 wind farm (48 MW) in 2020. The initiative represented Eni’s first project development in the onshore wind energy sector. The initiative allows Eni to reach, during the first months of 2022, a total capacity of 96 MW. Moreover, in 2021 we signed a Cooperation Agreement with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) to apply renewable solar technology and improve energy efficiency in a secondary school located in the city of Turkistan, South of Kazakhstan. To enhance the perimeter of our historic collaboration with Kazakhstan, further directing it towards a low carbon emission future, in July 2021 we signed cooperation agreements with KazMunaiGas for the development of renewable, hydrogen and biofeedstock projects in Kazakhstan.

We create energy

Also in Eurasia we are integrating our business operations with social and environmental sustainability to create shared, long-term value. In Kazakhstan, for example, we work with universities to train Oil&Gas industry specialists, we have set up the Ural River Park Project to protect the River Ural ecosystem and we have launched initiatives to benefit children. Since 1999, we periodically organise for Kazakh children to spend time on the Adriatic coast, and, since 2018, with help from AC Milan Junior Football Camp, the top Italian trainers with experience in the junior division we are providing training to young local footballers. In 2021, Eni  continues its commitment to support local communities in the nearby area of the Karachaganak field. In particular, initiatives progressed with professional training and realization of kindergartens and schools, roads maintenance, construction of sport centers and medical-health support also by means of the medicines distribution, following the health emergency resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. 


Located onshore in the western part of the country, Karachaganak (Eni interest 29.25%) is a giant field that produces oil, condensates and natural gas. The operations carried out by the Karachaganak Petroleum Operating consortium (KPO) are regulated by a Production Sharing Agreement, of which we and Shell are co-operators.

Learn about Karachaganak
Learn about Karachaganak


We hold a 16.81% interest in the North Caspian Sea Production Sharing Agreement (NCSPSA). The latter regulates, until the end of 2041, the exploration, development and production rights over a 4,600 km2 area of the giant Kashagan field, discovered in the northern section of the Caspian Sea in 2000. We have also launched a professional training programme for local people in the energy industry, and set up social facilities.

Learn about Kashagan
Learn about Kashagan

Renewable energy in Badamsha 1 and 2

Since 2017 we have signed numerous cooperation agreements to promote the development of renewable energy in the country and in 2018 we decided to invest in building Badamsha 1, a 48 MW wind farm in the north-west. We opened a second 48 MW wind farm in 2022. In addition, in March 2021 we inaugurate the construction work on a 50 MW photovoltaic plant in the Turkestan Oblast.

Learn about the project
Learn about the project

Energy efficiency improved in a secondary school

In partnership with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in Kazakhstan and the Turkestan Region, in 2022 we completed a project to apply renewable solar technology and improve energy efficiency in a secondary school in the region. The works on the school reduce energy consumption, costs and CO2 emissions and represent a model that Eni and UNDP aim to replicate together, developing similar energy-saving initiatives in the country. The school was equipped with a 50 kW photovoltaic power plant, which provides heating, lighting and hot water to the school’s 1900 students. Energy efficiency has been enhanced by means of LED lights, thermostatic controllers and energy-saving films installed on windows, to avoid further energy losses. The project, that included an awareness campaign, builds on Eni’s strategy to strengthen alliances with cooperation partners to develop projects with a concrete impact on local communities. The awareness campaign included seminars on energy efficiency and renewable energy sources, as well as information materials including brochures, presentations and leaflets provided to the school and campaign participants. The seminars had an audience of 1,400 people: 1,200 schoolchildren and 200 teachers. 

Master MEDEA and our partnership with Italian and Kazakh universities

To prepare specialists from Kazakhstan for work in the energy industry, we offer high-level training courses at our Corporate University (Master MEDEA), and we work with Italy's top universities and with the Kazakh British Technical University (KBTU). At the initiative of the World Economic Forum, we have also developed a Petroleum Engineering Education Program in conjunction with Satbayev and Nazarbayev universities in Kazakhstan and thanks to a team comprising personnel from Eni and other global companies.

Safe Roads for Western Kazakhstan Region

We consider safety one of the most relevant issues for the sustainability of a company and promote action on behaviour and processes, as well as action to improve preparedness and emergency response capabilities. We want to share our safety principles not only with our company but also with countries where we operate. The number of road traffic crash victims in Western Kazakhstan Oblast (WKO) is of concern to both the Oblast Authorities and the people. In this regard, the WKO Akimat announced the year of 2019 as the year of road safety to achieve a steady reduction in the number of road accidents and victims on the Oblast’s roads. To implement such large-scale program, WKO Akimat in partnership with Eni and Shell signed the Memorandum of Cooperation on Road Safety. Advisory support during the implementation of road safety initiatives was entrusted to the experts of EASST Eastern Alliance for Safe and Sustainable Transport, local NGO Gaukhar Zhol is coordinating the activities in the region.  

A great number of initiatives was implemented throughout the year of Road Safety in WKO, namely training of police officers, teachers, students, NGO representatives, various road safety campaigns involving all road users, surveys covering various citizens, audit of risky road sections, mapping road accidents with high level of precision and detail, all these activities resulted in the Road Safety Strategy for WKO for 2020-2025, which has been approved by WKO Akimat and is now being implemented under close monitoring of the Working Group.

Italian Cultural Center in Nur-Sultan

In 2019 Eni, the Italian Embassy in Kazakhstan and the Eurasian National University, the largest Academic institution in Kazakhstan committed in the teaching of foreign languages, inaugurated the opening of the Italian Culture Centre Enrico Mattei in the University premise. The aim of the Center is to promote the Italian language and culture in Kazakhstan, through language courses and other initiatives, with the goal of strengthening the relations between the countries.