Our work in Mozambique

Mozambique is one of the most promising countries on the African continent for the energy sector. We have been operating in Mozambique since 2006, currently in the Exploration & Production and Refining & Marketing e Chemical sectors.

Le nostre attività in Mozambico

Discovery and development of offshore resources

In 2006 we acquired an operator's share in Area 4, in the offshore basin of Rovuma, where in 2011 and 2014 we discovered supergiant resources of natural gas in the fields Coral, Mamba and Agulha, estimated to hold 2,400 billion cubic metres of gas. Coral South is the first deep-water gas development project in Mozambique. At the fifth round of bidding, Eni strengthened its presence in the country by acquiring the offshore licence A5-A, effective from January 2019. Eni has a 34% operator's share in the block. In May 2019, we also got exploration and development rights to the offshore blocks A5-B, Z5-C and Z5-D, in the deep waters of the Angoche and Zambezi basins, with a share of 10%.

In May 2019, the Mozambique Government approved the Rovuma LNG project development plan for the production, liquefaction and marketing of natural gas from three Mamba complex fields located in Area 4, two of which straddle with Area 1. We plan to develop a part of these reserves with an independent but coordinated plan with Total, the operator of the Area 1, to which a part of the non-straddling reserves will be added.  

The development activities of Area 4 offshore (Eni’s interest 25%) concerned the Coral South gas project and the gas discoveries of Mamba Complex where Eni is expected to coordinate the upstream phase and ExxonMobil midstream phase (natural gas liquefaction). The sanctioned Coral South project includes the construction, installation and commissioning and of an FLNG vessel that will be linked to six subsea gas producing wells, where the gas will undergo treatment, liquefaction, storage and export, with a capacity of approximately 3.4 mmtonnes/y of LNG. The development activities are nearing completion. Production start-up is expected within 2022. The LNG produced will be sold by the Area 4 Concessionaires to BP under a long-term contract for a period of twenty years, with an option for an additional ten-year term. Within the Mamba Complex discoveries, the Rovuma LNG project provides for the development of the straddled reserves of Area 1 according to its independent industrial plan, coordinated with the operator of Area 1 (TotalEnergies). The development project will include also a part of non-straddled reserves. The project provides the construction of two onshore LNG trains with capacity of approximately 7.6 mmtonnes/y each, fed by 24 subsea wells and facilities for storing and exporting LNG. In 2019, the plan of development (POD) was approved by the relevant Authorities. The Area 4 operators progressed with reassessment of the project, including maximizing synergies with Area 1, in order to optimize costs.

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Energy for development

A book of photographs exploring our work in some of the countries in which we operate.


We create energy

We are contributing to implementing the Coral South and Rovuma LNG projects for the production and liquefaction of gas in Mozambique and we are committed to improving health services in the Palma district. Furthermore, in 2019, we signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the University of Lurio (Unilurio) aimed at protecting the biodiversity of the Vamizi island marine sanctuary and contributed to the reconstruction of the Cabo Delgado roads hit by two cyclones. To promote sustainable development in the country, in March 2021 we signed a memorandum of understanding to identify possible collaboration opportunities in the areas of technical education and training, food safety and nutrition, health, access to energy and economic diversification with particular reference to agriculture. The initiatives also continue with some projects of forests protection and conservation (REDD+ program) with the Government of Mozambique. In 2021, Eni’s programs to support the local communities of the Country progressed with programs to support primary and infant scholarship. In particular, in city of Pemba, the infrastructural planned activities are completed and launched training initiatives also with study grants, launched the second phase of access to energy program also by means of clean cooking projects, support to disadvantaged populations in particular in the Cabo Delgado area and in the Maputo area, also with food assistance.


Coral South

The Coral South project was launched in 2017, just three years following the drilling of the final exploratory well. We have built a floating facility for the treatment, liquefaction, storage and export of gas (FLNG) with a capacity of around 3.4 million tonnes of LNG per year, powered by 6 underwater wells with start-up expected in 2022. We will sell the gas to BP under a twenty-year contract with the other Area 4 licence holders.


Rovuma LNG

The Rovuma LNG project was put in place for the production, liquefaction and marketing of natural gas from three fields of the Mamba complex located in Area 4, offshore of the Rovuma Basin. The development plan was approved by the Mozambique Government in 2019. The development project for the first phase of the Rovuma LNG project includes the design and construction of two LNG liquefaction trains which will each produce 7.6 million tonnes of LNG per year.

More about Rovuma
More about Rovuma

Energy efficiency and sustainable cooking

Eighty-eight per cent of the roughly 40,000 families living in Pemba use coal as their cooking fuel, with only 11% relying on an electric oven. Through this project we are replacing 10,000 traditional stoves with new and improved ones, and reducing the deforestation caused by cutting wood for coal.

more about the project
more about the project

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy

Initiatives for spreading education

The educational project at the school in Paquitequete aimed to get more children into school, using innovative methods and unconventional teaching. The initiative resulted in far fewer children dropping out of school. It improved the level of basic literacy in the first year of primary school, as well as the quality of methodology and education.


Obtaining a quality education is the foundation to creating sustainable development.

Healthcare project in Mozambico

The project, which ran from 2013 to 2017, was put in place to improve health services in the Palma district. The Eni Foundation supplied radiology, ultrasound and laboratory equipment to the health unit, improving the quality of services for patients. In addition, a home-birthing unit was set-up for pregnant women and an off-road vehicle was supplied to provide clinical services in the most remote areas of Palma.

More about the project
More about the project
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Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

Production of biofuels for energy transition

Cooperation and development of agricultural projects for the production of oilseeds and vegetable oils to be used as agro-biofeedstock for biofuels: these are the pillars of the agreement we signed in February 2022 with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of the Republic of Mozambique.  We are jointly committed to assessing the potential sites and most suitable crops, focusing on areas that do not compete with food production while safeguarding forests and natural ecosystems. An important step in fostering local development and accelerating energy transition in the countries where we operate.


Programme 200 for the training of engineers in Mozambique

In 2012 we launched a selection and training project involving young local graduates in the Oil&Gas sector.


Economic diversification in Mozambique

We contribute to improving the competitiveness of small and medium-sized enterprises in the country through business immersion programs.


Exploring Mozambique

The history of Mozambique is entwined with the life of explorer Vasco da Gama, who landed on its coast in 1498.

Today, Mozambique is one of the most promising African countries in the Oil&Gas sector.

Il ferro e le onde: dove nasce una FLNG
Pale eoliche in Africa

Mozambico Media Kit

In this page you can find the essential information available for the creation of articles and press releases.