On 13th November 2022 the first shipment of liquefied natural gas (LNG) produced from the Coral gas field, in the ultra-deep waters of the Rovuma Basin, has departed from Coral Sul Floating Liquefied Natural Gas (FLNG) facility. The Coral South project, comes on stream after just 5 years, in line with the initial budget and schedule. Coral Sul FLNG has a gas liquefaction capacity of 3.4 million tons per year and will produce LNG from the 450 billion cubic meters of gas of the Coral reservoir. On 23th November the President of Mozambique, Filipe Jacinto Nyusi, visited and inaugurated the Coral-Sul FLNG installation, built to develop the Coral South, a landmark project for the gas industry, is projecting Mozambique onto the global LNG stage. At the same time, it makes an important contribution to energy security and to the diversification of gas supplies in Europe.
Our work in Mozambique
Mozambique is one of the most promising countries on the African continent for the energy sector. We have been operating in Mozambique since 2006, currently in the Exploration & Production and Refining & Marketing e Chemical sectors.
The Coral Sul FLNG ship was designed and built according to the most advanced sustainability criteria to minimise CO2 emissions.
Exploration & Production
Gross undeveloped surface area in Mozambique
Total net surface area in Mozambique
Exploration and development licences
Discovery and development of offshore resources
In 2006 we acquired an operator's share in Area 4, in the offshore basin of Rovuma, where in 2011 and 2014 we discovered supergiant resources of natural gas in the fields Coral, Mamba and Agulha, estimated to hold 2,400 billion cubic metres of gas. Coral South is the first deep-water gas development project in Mozambique. At the fifth round of bidding, Eni strengthened its presence in the country by acquiring the offshore licence A5-A, effective from January 2019. Eni has a 34% operator's share in the block. In May 2019, we also got exploration and development rights to the offshore blocks A5-B, Z5-C and Z5-D, in the deep waters of the Angoche and Zambezi basins, with a share of 10%. In May 2019, the Mozambique Government approved the Rovuma LNG project development plan for the production, liquefaction and marketing of natural gas from three Mamba complex fields located in Area 4, two of which straddle with Area 1. We plan to develop a part of these reserves with an independent but coordinated plan with Total, the operator of the Area 1, to which a part of the non-straddling reserves will be added.
In June 2022, the Coral South Project has safely achieved the introduction of hydrocarbons to the Coral Sul Floating Liquefied Natural Gas (FLNG) plant from the Coral South reservoir offshore Mozambique. Hydrocarbons introduction comes after the safe and timely conclusion of the offshore commissioning activities. The FLNG arrived at the final operating site offshore Mozambique in early January 2022. The LNG produced will be sold by the Area 4 Concessionaires to BP under a long-term contract for a period of twenty years, with an option for an additional ten-year term. Within the Mamba Complex discoveries, the Rovuma LNG project provides for the development of the straddled reserves of Area 1 according to its independent industrial plan, coordinated with the operator of Area 1 (TotalEnergies). The Area 4 operators progressed with reassessment of the project, including maximizing synergies with Area 1, in order to optimize costs.
Production of biofuels for energy transition and agricultural development
Cooperation and development of agricultural projects for the production of oilseeds and vegetable oils to be used as agro-biofeedstock for biofuels: these are the pillars of the agreement we signed in February 2022 with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of the Republic of Mozambique. We are jointly committed to assessing the potential sites and most suitable crops, focusing on areas that do not compete with food production while safeguarding forests and natural ecosystems. An important step in fostering local development and accelerating energy transition in the countries where we operate. The coordination between Eni and UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization) made it possible to identify synergistic initiatives in the country in order to improve selected agro-industrial supply chains to foster youth employment and income generation for local producers. The pursuit of these objectives also relies on the support of the Italian Agency for Development Cooperation (AICS) with which Eni has signed a Memorandum of Understanding.
We create energy
The first shipment of liquefied natural gas (LNG) has departed from Coral Sul Floating Liquefied Natural Gas (FLNG) facility and we are contributing to implementing the Rovuma LNG projects for the production and liquefaction of gas in Mozambique. We are committed to improving health services in the Palma district. Furthermore, in 2019, we signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the University of Lurio (Unilurio) aimed at protecting the biodiversity of the Vamizi island marine sanctuary and contributed to the reconstruction of the Cabo Delgado roads hit by two cyclones. To promote sustainable development in the country, in March 2021 we signed a memorandum of understanding to identify possible collaboration opportunities in the areas of technical education and training, food safety and nutrition, health, access to energy and economic diversification with particular reference to agriculture. The initiatives also continue with some projects of forests protection and conservation (REDD+ program) with the Government of Mozambique. In 2021, Eni’s programs to support the local communities of the Country progressed with programs to support primary and infant scholarship. In particular, in city of Pemba, the infrastructural planned activities are completed and launched training initiatives also with study grants, launched the second phase of access to energy program also by means of clean cooking projects, support to disadvantaged populations in particular in the Cabo Delgado area and in the Maputo area, also with food assistance.
Coral South is a landmark project for the Oil&Gas industry and firmly places Mozambique onto the global LNG stage. In November 2022 the first shipment of liquefied natural gas produced from the Coral gas field has departed from Coral Sul (FLNG) facility.MORE ABOUT CORAL SOUTH
million tonnes of LNG per year capacity
The Rovuma LNG project was put in place for the production, liquefaction and marketing of natural gas from three fields of the Mamba complex located in Area 4, offshore of the Rovuma Basin. The development plan was approved by the Mozambique Government in 2019. The development project for the first phase of the Rovuma LNG project includes the design and construction of two LNG liquefaction trains which will each produce 7.6 million tonnes of LNG per year.More about Rovuma
mtonnes liquefied gas expected for year
Economic diversification in Mozambique
We contribute to improving the competitiveness of small and medium-sized enterprises in the country through business immersion programs. Through our work in Mozambique to encourage the development of enterprise, we help small and medium businesses be more competitive and offer better products and services.More about the project
representatives take part in its first phase
Promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, employment and decent work for all
Initiatives for spreading education
The educational project at the school in Paquitequete aime to get more children into school, using innovative methods and unconventional teaching. The initiative resulted in far fewer children dropping out of school. It improved the level of basic literacy in the first year of primary school, as well as the quality of methodology and education.MORE ABOUT THE PROJECT
children reached since 2013
Obtaining a quality education is the foundation to creating sustainable development.
A project to develop both the educational and physical skills of the students
Through Eni Rovuma Basin, on behalf of the Area 4 partners and together with ADPP, in July 2022 we inaugurated a school sports infrastructures at the Cidadela das Crianças community primary school in Maputo. This initiative is part of the implementation of sustainability plans of the Coral South project, approved by the Government of Mozambique. The project included the reconstruction of a multipurpose sports field of about 600 square meters, for the practice of sports such as basketball, futsal, volleyball and handball. It also includes a full equipped playground area for the infants. The implementation of this project aims at developing both the educational abilities and physical skills of the students with the purpose of improving the school´s educational achievements and reduce the dropout rates. The inclusion of sports activities in the curriculum will permit inclusive, equitable and quality education, furthermore contributing to the expansion of learning opportunities. These infrastructures will benefit around 500 students from Cidadela de Crianças ADPP and all children residing in the surrounding communities. Through this initiative, Eni Rovuma Basin aims to contribute to the achievement of UN Sustainable Development Goal 3 (Good health and well being) and 4 (Quality education).
The Promoting Energy Efficiency and Clean Cooking project promotes the efficient use of natural resources with the introduction of a new improved stove.Find out more
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