This is the continent where we took our first steps outside of Italy in 1954 and where the cornerstones of our business model were established.


The past, present and future of the company

The challenges we face

We stand alongside Africa in the increasingly strategic role it has to play on the international scene, wanting to assist with African countries’ energy transition by facilitating people’s access to forms of energy with a low environmental impact.

Our relationship with Africa is a key part of our corporate history. Vital for Eni’s past, present and future, Africa is the first continent to which we ventured outside of Italy in 1954. The world’s oldest continent and cradle of humanity, with 70 per cent of its population now under 30 years of age, Africa is assuming an increasingly strategic role on the international scene, geopolitically and economically. While North Africa is beginning to take up the challenge of energy transition, the Sub-Saharan part of the continent is still facing the challenge of energy access, with hundreds of millions of people off-grid. In particular, they lack access to clean forms of energy (such as “clean cooking”), a precondition for improving communities’ quality of life and fostering their development. These are complex challenges for a continent whose rapid economic and demographic growth calls for large – and increasing – quantities of energy. To ensure its energy transition, it will need to develop its abundant resources, in particular gas, to contribute to the decarbonization of the energy mix.

Our strategy

We are aiming to strengthen our traditional portfolio, while at the same time promoting a circular-economy model that is more respectful of the planet. We are supporting local development initiatives and protecting forests in line with the United Nations’ Agenda 2030.

In Africa, there is plenty of scope for pursuing the key aspects of our business: the push for decarbonization, working together for progress and our operational model. As well as strengthening and diversifying our traditional portfolio, Eni is supporting development initiatives that involve players committed to sustainable ongoing growth, based on a new circular-economy, low-carbon model and using innovative technologies developed in-house. In this way, we are helping African countries to achieve their climate-related objectives and develop their own resources. A good example is Kenya, where we are promoting a series of circular-economy initiatives to recover, regenerate and reuse agricultural and food wastes, ideal raw materials for replacing fossil fuels in industrial processing and the production of biofuels. Our business activities go hand-in-hand with the UN’s Agenda 2030 Sustainable Development Goals, which Eni is pursuing by promoting local development projects, with special emphasis on the sustainable growth of the agricultural sector – so essential to Sub-Saharan Africa. Consider, for example, our Africa Project, an important initiative undertaken in conjunction with farmers’ co-operatives and many Italian SMEs working in this sector. The aim is to train local personnel and establish integrated production facilities for the domestic market. Thanks to projects to conserve Africa’s great forest heritage, we are also helping to achieve one of our main objectives: decarbonization. These efforts will be boosted by the REDD+ forest conservation projects conceived by the United Nations, which will improve natural CO₂ storage capacity and at the same time assist in the development of local communities by promoting economic and social activities.


The Africa of renewable energy

Eni's investment in the renewables in Africa increases to facilitate the energy transition of the continent.


Investment in local development in Africa in 2020

of development and maintenance of infrastructures, particularly school buildings
36.6mln €
in the Sub-Saharan area, mainly in the area
16.3mln €
invested in Africa for infrastructure development
44.2 mln € spent on local development in Africa in 2020
to the business accelerator in Kenya
contributed by Eni
helping provide access to energy in the country
installed capacity at CEC power station in Congo

Oil and natural gas net developed and not developed acreage in Africa

at 31 December 2020
total net acreage in Algeria
at 31 December 2020
total net acreage in Morocco
at 31 December 2020
total net acreage in Angola
129,16 km² total net acreage in 2020
at 31 December 2020
total net acreage in Libya
at 31 December 2020
1,306 km²
total net acreage in Republic of Congo
at 31 December 2020
495 km²
total net acreage in Ghana
at 31 December 2020
total net acreage in Mozambico

Programmes to improve energy access in Africa in 2020

Energy in Africa integral part of Eni's business model
increase of the generation capacity of the power plant in the Congo, activities have been completed
power plant in the Congo
increase of the generation capacity of the power plant in Nigeria, activities have been completed
Okpai power plant in Nigeria
completed front end activities for phase one (start up 2022)
photovoltaic plant in Angola

Programmes to improve water access in Africa in 2020

started thanks to the integrated Hinda project
in the Republic of the Congo
Water in Africa Our commitment
in collaboration with FAO
started in Nigeria
via the Integrated Social Project
in Angola

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The main development projects on the African continent

We develop business activities in the area, promoting local socio-economic growth.

Cover Zohr

Zohr: the giant offshore field in Egypt

The Zohr field is believed to be the largest-ever gas discovery in Egypt and the Mediterranean.

Production comes from the Zohr field which in 2019 achieved the production of 145 kboe a day net to Eni and accounted for 41% of Eni’s production in the Country.

More about Zohr
Progetto Hinda in Congo

The Hinda to the development of Congo

We help improve living conditions and socio-economic development in villages in the Hinda district in Congo.

Thanks to the professional training centre for farmers CATREP  we support the development of agricultural activities in the area.

More about Hinda

Rovuma: to process gas in Mozambico

This project involves the production and liquefaction of natural gas in the north of Mozambique.

The project will include the construction of onshore plants and facilities to process natural gas from Area 4.

more about Rovuma

New energy for economic diversification in Africa

In Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya and Mozambique we have started several programmes for young entrepreneurs, offering them training and financial support.

More about

The commitment to forest conservation

Africa has an immense forest heritage that we want to conserve. We are committed to reducing the level of CO2 in the atmosphere, not only by diversifying our business activities, but also by focusing on forestry projects that have a positive impact on communities, in terms of economic and social development. Forests help to develop new businesses and increase employment. Our strategy involves project development for the "Reduction of emissions caused by deforestation and forest degradation" (REDD +) through international initiatives and valuable partnerships. We have already made initial agreements by signing the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the development of forest projects in partnership with international developers.



Protecting forests in Africa

The preservation of the continent's forestry assets is an integral part of our low-carbon strategy.

We have started forestry projects in many countries including Zambia, Ghana, Angola and we are members of REDD+'s governance.

Foresta di pini sul lago
Eni e il progetto REDD+ in Zambia
La salvaguardia delle foreste in Senegal

Our operations

The six-legged dog left its first paw prints in the Egyptian desert in 1954. Today Africa supplies more than half of our total production of crude oil and natural gas, making our company the leader in the continent.

Le nostre attività in Egitto

Energy and geo-economic scenarios

To understand an increasingly complex present, we have to move past a single vision of reality. That’s why we offer an overview of countries that takes into account a variety of interwoven aspects: from historical events to energy policy, and from geo-economics to the push towards digitalisation.


Kenya's green dream

Innovation and dynamism are the two driving features of the country's focus on a sustainable future, thanks to investments in renewables.

byEni Staff
21 June 2021
2 min read
Il risveglio dell'età dell'oro

The Golden Age Beckons

Ghana was the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to gain independence from the UK in 1957. Gold, cocoa and oil are the sectors that fuel its economic growth. Future goal: energy independence.

byEni Staff
29 September 2020
1 min read