The International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women was established in 1999 by the General Assembly of the United Nations, with Resolution 54/134 of 17 December, and is held every year on 25 November. The day is also known as Orange Day because the colour orange is recognised across the world as that chosen by The United Nations Gender Equality Body, UN Women, to symbolise a future without violence against women. To mark the day, UN Women promotes the #OrangetheWorld awareness campaign and Eni is also taking part by lighting up the Palazzo Mattei building in Rome orange for the evening.
This date was chosen to commemorate the brutal killing of the Mirabal sisters, political activists in the Dominican Republic. On 25 November 1960, three women went to visit their husbands in prison when they were stopped on the road by military intelligence officers. They were tortured, massacred and then thrown off a cliff in their car to make it look like an accident. It was immediately obvious to the public that the Mirabal sisters had been murdered. The ensuing rebellion soon led to the death of the country’s dictator.