For many, the 21st century will be the “Asian Century”, mainly due to the extraordinary economic growth of China, India and South-East Asian Nations including Indonesia and Vietnam, areas that are assuming greater importance in global value chains. These countries are complemented by large economies including Japan, South Korea and Australia. Asian economic development has meant that, along with increased energy demand, there has also been considerable progress in terms of people's access to energy. The size of the demographies and economies involved make the region central to the energy transition: Asia Pacific now emits about half of global greenhouse gas emissions. Viewed from an energy perspective, the climate challenge becomes even more relevant in a continent largely dependent on unsustainable sources like coal, which continue to play a major role in electricity generation. Combating pollution is considered a political priority: China, for example, has raised the bar when it comes to climate ambition by announcing its intention to reach peak emissions by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060. Two years after the approval of the 14th Five-year Plan, Beijing has announced a number of large projects in the renewables sector, aiming to become a clean energy leader by the end of the decade. At the same time however, it has to cope with the country’s increasing energy demands, overcome the economic and energy crisis which has slowed growth in the last year and guarantee a stable energy supply. This is a strategic decision by the country to promote development and energy security, taken with careful consideration and commitment vis-à-vis the international community. The need to reduce emissions and preserve the ecosystem will increasingly shape government choices and energy solutions in Indonesia, Vietnam and in the rest of the region as well. New international partnerships will allow these countries to accelerate the energy transition, redefining their own mix and adopting new technologies.
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We combine activities in the energy sector with initiatives for local development in the vast area that extends from China to Indonesia, passing through Australia.
New energy and geographical frontiers
Our commitment in 2021 has strengthened our presence in this area.
13 Asian Pacific
countries where we operate
2 upstream projects
on going in Asia Pacific
1 photovoltaic project
on going in Asia Pacific
Economic growth, both current and future, makes the region a prodigious outlet for the development of our know-how, especially our expertise on new technologies conceived to promote decarbonisation, the reuse and recycling of materials and the sale of our most environmentally friendly products. We aim to produce natural gas for the benefit of host countries like Indonesia, Australia and Vietnam, as well as sell increasing volumes of LNG. In this way, we can contribute to replacing coal, reducing emissions and at the same time meeting the region's growing energy needs. Opportunities for cooperation are abundant in the area, including through specific agreements focusing on the skills and innovative technologies that Eni has already developed in its transition process and therefore are readily available. China is one of the most active markets in the licensing of more sustainable proprietary technologies with low environmental impacts in the refining and petrochemical fields. In order to achieve sustainable development objectives in the region, we promote the development of advanced biofuels, renewable energy and circular economy projects, including through the exploitation of waste and food waste, alongside sustainability initiatives for the benefit of local populations (education, health services, agriculture) and the preservation of biodiversity. Eni is also currently assessing new initiatives in the forestry and biorefining sectors. In the field of circular economy initiatives, in December 2022 with Euglena and PETRONAS we announced the launch of technical and economic feasibility studies to develop and mange a biorefinery in Malaysia. The proximity to one of the largest petrochemical areas in South-East Asia, the Pengerang Integrated Complex (PIC), would allow the exploitation of the integrated value chain through existing services and structures, and the strategic position of the complex would extend the possibility to meet the increasing global demand for sustainable solutions.
We are exploring biorefinery opportunity in Malaysia to produce SAF and HVO
In December 2022, with Euglena and PETRONAS (Petroliam Nasional Berhad) we announced the launch of technical and economic feasibility studies to develop and manage a biorefinery in one of the largest petrochemical areas of South-East Asia, the Pengerang Integrated Complex (PIC). With the plant planned to be put into operation by 2025, the decision on the investment is expected in 2023. The proximity with the refinery and the PETRONAS petrochemical plant could allow the biorefinery to exploit the integrated value chain, services and facilities at the PIC. The strategic position of the complex, with easy access to major international maritime routes, would also increase the possibilities of the refinery under study to meet the growing global demand for sustainable solutions. The biorefinery could also be flexibly configured to maximise the production of SAF (Sustainable Aviation Fuel) for air transport and HVO (Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil) for road, rail and sea transport, which would allow the production to meet the increasing and evolving energy needs of its customers. Furthermore, the plant will have a processing capacity of around 650,000 tonnes per year and a production capacity of up to 12,500 barrels a day of biofuel (SAF, HVO and bio-naphtha), processed using raw materials which are not in competition with the food chain, such as used frying oils, animal fats, processing waste of vegetable oils and other biomasses including microalgae oils that will be experimented in the medium term. Finally, the biorefinery will use the Honeywell UOP’s Ecofining™ technology developed by Eni in partnership with Honeywell UOP.
Production, investments in local development and renewable in 2021
Investment in local development in Asia-Pacific in 2021
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Our main development projects on the Asian continent
Jangkrik: hydrocarbons in Indonesia
This project, which was quickly developed and brought into production, is located in offshore Kalimantan, Indonesia.
Once gas has been produced and treated, it is sent to the onshore plant connected to the transport system and then onwards to the Bontang liquefaction plant.