Our work in Egypt

We have been contributing to the growth of this country with its millennium of history since 1954, where we now operate in the E&P, Global Gas & LNG Portfolio and R&M and Chemical sectors.

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Production of natural gas and LNG export

In March and August 2022, the Chief Executive Officer of Eni, Claudio Descalzi, met with the President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, to discuss Eni’s activities in the country, as well as areas of common interest and collaboration. In particular, the meetings dealt with the issues of natural gas production and LNG exports, areas in which Egypt has taken on a central role in the Mediterranean since Eni’s discovery of Zohr. The parties shared Egypt’s vision of becoming a regional hub for gas, by leveraging the existing LNG plants. Eni currently produces about 60% of the gas in the country. Furthermore, the company is committed to supporting local production based on an ambitious exploration and development campaign, which would also contribute to increasing gas exports to Europe, through the Damietta liquefaction plant.  In the light of the energy transition process, the parties also agreed on the opportunity of implementing a series of solar and wind power projects, targeting 10 GW of installed capacity over the next few years. Mr Descalzi also explained Eni’s commitment to accelerating the decarbonisation of its activities, and to develop CO2 capture and storage (CCS) and hydrogen production projects.

Claudio Descalzi Chief Executive Officer

The agreements for the diversification of energy sources

We work closely with producing countries, partners and local institutions to progressively differentiate our global portfolio.

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The most recent exploration activities

Developed and undeveloped acreage was 18,712 square kilometers (6,776 square kilometers net to Eni). Eni’s main producing operated activities are located in the Shorouk block (Eni’s interest 50%) in the Mediterranean Offshore with the giant Zohr gas field, the Sinai concession, mainly in the Belayim Marine-Land and Abu Rudeis fields (Eni’s interest 100%), the Western Desert in the Melehia (Eni’s interest 76%), South West Meleiha (Eni’s interest 100%), Ras Qattara (Eni’s interest 75%) and West Abu Gharadig (Eni’s interest 45%) concessions and (iv) Baltim (Eni’s interest 50%), Nile Delta (Eni’s interest 75%), North Port Said (Eni’s interest 100%), North Razzak (Eni’s interest 100%) and Temsah (Eni’s interest 50%) concessions. Furthermore, we participate in the Ras el Barr (Eni’s interest 50%) and South Ghara (Eni’s interest 25%) concessions. In July 2021 an agreement was signed with the State energy, electricity and natural gas companies to assess the technical and commercial feasibility of projects for the blue and green hydrogen production also through the storage of CO2 in depleted natural gas fields. In January 2022, Eni was awarded five exploration licenses, of which four as operator in the Egyptian offshore and onshore, following the successful participation in the Egypt International Bid Round for Petroleum Exploration and Exploitation 2021. The licenses are in mining basins of great interest to Eni: offshore East Mediterranean, the Western Desert and the Gulf of Suez, for a total acreage of about 8,410 square kilometers. In 2021, Eni’s production amounted to 360 kboe/day and accounted for approximately 21% of Eni’s total annual hydrocarbon production. Exploration and production activities in Egypt are regulated by Production Sharing Agreements. In 2021, desalination plants have been installed or upgraded in Egypt, and projects are underway for the re-injection and exploitation for Improved Oil Recovery (IOR), secondary recovery method of hydrocarbons applied to stimulate the process of extraction of non-recoverable hydrocarbons by conventional mechanism, purposes of production water. 

The restart of Damietta liquefied natural gas plant

The liquefaction plant in Egypt, owned by SEGAS (50% Eni, 40% EGAS and 10% EGPC), has resumed production in March 2021. The purchase of Egyptian LNG consolidates Eni's integrated development strategy by increasing the volumes and flexibility of its portfolio, in synergy with its Upstream assets. Through this agreement, the company strengthens its presence in the East Mediterranean, a key region for the supply of natural gas, which is a fundamental resource for the energy transition. Damietta natural gas liquefaction plant has a producing capacity of 5.2 mmtonnes/year of LNG corresponding to approximately 280 bcf/y of feed gas. Moreover, the construction of a new gas treatment plant, which will be connected to the Western Desert Gas Complex in Alexandria, will allow to further exploit region's gas reserves, strengthening Eni's role as the largest gas producer in Egypt. In April 2022, Eni and the Egyptian state-owned company EGAS agreed to valorize local gas reserves by increasing activities in jointly operated concessions and by exploring near field areas, with the goal of boosting production and gas exports to Italy via the Damietta liquefaction plant at an expected initial rate of up to 3 billion cubic meters in 2022. Thanks to the discovery of the Zohr and Nooros fields, Eni's gas production in 2021 accounted for 56% of Egypt's entire production; about 60% of the gas is used for electricity generation, with Eni contributing 40%. 

Signed an agreement to produce hydrogen in Egypt

In July 2021 we signed an agreement with the Egyptian Electricity Holding Company (EEHC) and the Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Company (EGAS) to assess the technical and commercial feasibility of projects to produce hydrogen in the country. We will conduct a study into joint projects to produce green hydrogen, using electricity generated from renewables, and blue hydrogen, through the storage of CO2 in depleted natural gas fields. The study will also analyse the potential local market consumption of hydrogen and export opportunities. This agreement is part of the path that Eni has undertaken to reach the target of eliminating Scopes 1, 2 and 3 net emissions (Net GHG Lifecycle Emissions) and cancelling out the relative emission intensity (Net Carbon Intensity) by 2050, referring to the entire life cycle of the energy products sold. It will also support Egypt’s strategy for energy transition, diversifying its energy mix.

We create energy

In Egypt we are engaged in the offshore and onshore development of the Zohr, Nooros, Baltim W and Meleiha projects for the production of hydrocarbons, and we also aim to have a positive impact on communities with our initiatives. Within the social responsibility initiatives, in 2020 the programs concerned  three socio-economic and health programs defined by the Memorandum of Understanding signed in 2017 are currently to be implemented.

Zohr, a discovery that never ceases to amaze us

The Zohr field is believed to be the largest-ever gas discovery in Egypt and the Mediterranean. The integrated approach we’ve taken with this project has enabled us to bring the gas on stream just over two years from initial discovery; a record for this type of deposit. Zohr is located within the Shorouk concession, approximately 190 km north of the city of Port Said.

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Discover Zohr

Nooros, the Nile Delta and its gas

We discovered the field (of which we are operators with 75%) in July 2015 and put it into production in record time in September of the same year. In 2018, we completed the start-up of two further development wells and in 2019 we have built a pipeline for gas carriage to the El Gamil treater.

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Discover Nooros

Port Said, our approach to local development

In the town overlooking the Mediterranean, where the Zohr, El Gamil and UGDC onshore plants are located, we have set up a business model strongly focused on long-term value creation.

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Discover Port Said
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Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

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Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

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Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

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Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

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Reduce inequality within and among countries

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Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

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Energy for development

A book of photographs exploring our work in some of the countries in which we operate.

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Reducing fresh water withdrawals by third parties in Abu Madi

During 2021, careful work was carried out to revamp the water network to reduce water losses in the system in the Abu Madi field. The revamping of the network, which included the replacement of pipes and associated testing, was ultimately aimed at reducing the withdrawal of fresh water supplied by third parties. The impact of the intervention, in terms of water saving, is already visible a few months after the completion of the civil works, completed in June 2021: a reduction in freshwater withdrawals estimated at about 190m3 /day at the end of 2021 vs. 2019. During the months of April, May and June 2021, work was completed on the drilling of two littoral wells to reduce withdrawals of fresh water supplied by third parties and to meet the needs of the operating site. The completion and testing phase was completed in December 2021 and the low salinity water from these wells was found to be compatible for use in the fire fighting system. Both wells were therefore connected to the network to feed the fire-fighting system, thus saving an estimated 2,000m3 / month in freshwater withdrawals from the first days of January 2022. 

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Egypt Media Kit

In this page you can find the essential information available for the creation of articles and press releases.

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The brochure dedicated to our activities in the country

In the document we describe how our business projects and local development initiatives are developed in the area, during 67 years of continuous presence.

PDF 4.98 MB