In detail:

  • the main onshore and offshore activities related to the E&P sector conducted by Eni in Libya since 1959
  • Eni’s presence, in the G&P sector, through the Green Stream gas pipeline
  • Eni offices and contacts in Libya

Exploration & Production

Eni started operations in Libya in 1959. Developed and undeveloped acreage were 26,636 square kilometers (13,294 square kilometers net to Eni). Production activity is carried out in the Mediterranean Sea near Tripoli and in the Libyan Desert area and includes six contractual areas.

Onshore contract areas are:

  • Area A, consisting in the former concession 82 (Eni’s interest 50%);
  • Area B, former concessions 100 (Bu-Attifel field) and the NC 125 Block (Eni’s interest 50%);
  • Area E, with El Feel field (Eni’s interest 33.3%);
  • Area F, with Block 118 (Eni’s interest 50%);
  • Area D with Block NC 169 that feeds the Western Libyan Gas Project (Eni’s interest 50%).


Offshore contract areas are:

  • Area C, with the Bouri oil field (Eni’s interest 50%);
  • and Area D, with Block NC 41 that feed the Western Libyan Gas Project.

In 2018, Eni’s production in Libya was 302 kboe/d.

In the last months the Country reported a resurgence of socio-political instability coupled with internal clashes. Management is closely monitoring the situation and is evaluating any possible measure to safeguard safety of personnel and security of plants and production infrastructures. For further information on this matter, see Risk factors of the Annual Report 2018.


Exploration and production activities in Libya are regulated by Exploration and Production Sharing Agreement contracts (EPSA). The rights to produce of Eni’s assets in Libya will expire in 2038 for Area C, in 2041 for Area E, in 2042 for Area A and B as well as in 2043 for Area D.



During the year, development activities concerned:

  • production start-up of the Bahr Essalam Phase 2 (Eni’s interest 50%) offshore project where the planned activities progressed and the completion is expected in the second quarter of 2019. The development plan provided for drilling ten wells, out of which seven were completed and started up in 2018, as well as upgrading the existing facilities to increase production capacity;
  • upgrading of gas treatment plants at the Mellitah area and Sabratha platform;
  • and production optimization plan in the Wafa field. The activity provided for drilling additional wells and the construction of new compression units. In particular, the infilling wells campaign started in 2018: a first gas well was completed in November 2018 and a second one in March 2019. The project is expected to be completed in 2019.


Following the Memorandum of Understanding signed in 2017 to promote health and education initiatives of local communities, two starting programs were defined:


  • support to the local Health Authorities, in particular with a renovation program of the hospital in the Jalo area, technical assistance and medical training initiatives;
  • and the construction of a pipeline for the desalination plant in the Zuara area to provide drinking water to local communities.


In December 2018, Eni signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the GECOL national power company and NOC oil state company that includes the start-up of a rehabilitation project for power plants to support access to energy for local communities. In addition, other Eni’s programs to support local communities progressed.

In particular:

  • initiatives in the field of health, water and access to energy nearby to the Bu-Attifel and the El Feel production areas;
  • health and Oil & Gas training program;
  • and renovation and construction of facilities for social purposes as well as drugs supplies.



In 2018, Eni finalized an agreement with NOC oil state company and BP to award a 42.5% interest and the operatorship in the BP contractual areas, in particular in the onshore areas A and B and in the offshore area C. The agreement provides for a revamp exploration and development activities in the Country leveraging on Eni’s facilities existing in the areas. In addition, the agreement strengthens the partnership in the social development initiatives through implementation of education and training programs.

Gas & LNG Marketing and Power

The gas activities are performed through the Green Stream pipeline for the import of Libyan gas produced at the Eni operated fields of Bahr Essalam and Wafa . The pipeline is 520-kilometer long with a transport capacity of 8 bcm/y crossing the Mediterranean Sea from Mellitah on the Libyan coast to Gela in Sicily, the point of entry into the Italian natural gas transport system.

The capacity of the pipeline amounts to approximately 8 billion cubic meters / year. Natural gas production in Libya in 2018 amounted to 1,180.3 mmcf/d, while the supply of natural gas was 4.55 billion cubic meters.

Offices & contacts

Exploration & Production 
Eni North Africa B.V. (Filiale) 
Dahra Building 

Gas & Power 
Mellitah Oil & Gas B.V. 
Dat El Imad Complex 
P.O. Box 91651 

Read also

Eni’s sustainability projects in Libya

Sustainability is a key issue for us in Libya from the protection of the artistic heritage to health.
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