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Area 1: offshore hydrocarbons in the Gulf of Mexico

We acquired this land in 2015. The project covers a vast area rich in hydrocarbons, in the Gulf of Mexico, 33 meters under water.

Production in the Gulf of Mexico

In 2018, we completed drilling in Area 1, in the Gulf of Mexico, 200 km west of Ciudad del Carmen and more than 30 m under water. We are focusing our activities on licences where we have a 100 per cent share, with development work ongoing at Amoca, Miztón and Tecoalli. In July 2019, we launched the early production phase at the field in Miztón. This is the first step in developing an area with a total of 2.1 billion barrels of oil equivalent, of which 90 per cent is oil, across the three fields. The Miztón 2 well, where early production has started, has shown excellent prospects and will produce up to 25,000 barrels of oil a day in this phase. Full production will begin in the fourth quarter of 2021, when we will set up a floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) unit and reach a ceiling of 100,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day. The development plan for Area 1 involves building and installing three more platforms in the fields at Amoca and Tecoalli.

We report the rapid production ramp-up of the hub in 2020, from 4 kboe a day in 2019 to 14 kboe a day, up by 200%. The development activities concern the full field development program of the operated license Area 1 (Eni’s interest 100%), already in production. Development drilling activities are ongoing and during 2020 were completed producing wells which were linked to the Miztón production platform. A subsequent development phase of the project includes the production start-up of the Amoca discovery by means of the installation of a new leased production platform. During the year, the FEED phase for these two production platforms started up.

In January 2022, Eni's Miamte MV34 Floating Production, Storage and Offloading (FPSO) arrived in Mexico. It has a crude oil treatment capacity of 90 thousand barrels of oil per day, a crude oil storage capacity of 700,000 barrels and a gas treatment capacity of 75 million standard cubic feet per day and it was designed with the best energy efficiency technologies as well as a zero-flaring philosophy. Its construction involved 5 construction yards in 3 different countries, where 5 modules were, and the jacket of the mooring system was fabricated. Overall, works required more than 17 million man-hours, executed at the highest HSE standards.

In February 2022, Miamte MV34 started hydrocarbon production at the Miztón field. Following the first hydrocarbon introduction into the FPSO and two more platforms start-up in Amoca and Tecoalli fields, production will ramp up till the full field development will be completed by 2024.

In April 2022, the first cargo was successfully offloaded and exported. This achievement marks an important milestone for the oil and gas sector in Mexico, being Eni the first international energy company to develop a complex offshore project being able to export the oil in the international market. The full development of Area 1 will include 33 wells connected to 3 wellhead platforms plus 1 monopod, in addition to the FPSO Miamte MV34. Presently the first 2 wellhead platforms are in operations on Mitzon and Amoca fields while activities for the development of second platform on Amoca field and the monopode on Tecoalli field are underway.

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Eni offloads and exports first oil cargo from MIAMTE MV34 FPSO

Safety first

We regard safety at work as a core value – one we share with employees, contractors and local communities. That is why we do everything we can to avoid accidents, using organisational models to assess and manage risks, implementing training plans, developing expertise and promoting a culture of safety.

 

Technologies

Production tests and studies of reservoirs carried out in December 2017 in the Amoca and Miztón fields in Area 1 enabled us to increase our total estimated amount of hydrocarbons. For this project, exploring the subsoil was crucial to improving our results – and today we can do it more efficiently.

 

Asset

What is produced on the Miztón platform is pumped through a multi-phase line to an on-shore receiving facility (ORF) built by us in Sánchez Magallanes, in the state of Tabasco. After separation, it is sent to the Pemex plant in San Ramón for further treatment. The development plan for Amoca, Mitzón and Tecoalli will involve installing a platform linked to an existing ORF. The full-field development phase involves installing three more platforms and an FPSO to increase production capacity.

 

Environment and community

In May 2019, we signed a memorandum of understanding with the state government of Tabasco to identify and develop sustainability projects in education, health care and socio-economic development, to contribute to the Mexican government's own plans and improve conditions for the poorest communities in Tabasco.

Eni has never conducted oil and gas exploration and development activities within the boundaries of natural sites included on the UNESCO World Heritage List. In May 2019, we formally committed never to do so and officially instated a biodiversity and ecosystem services (BES) policy as part of our transformation journey. We are committed to long-term investment – looking beyond short-term profit to find ways to help create a more sustainable planet – as recognized in our new company mission, which is in turn inspired by the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals.

In January 2022, Eni and UNESCO signed a Memorandum of Understanding to promote local development in Mexico to identify potential joint project initiatives that will contribute to boost the sustainable development of the local economy through economic diversification, protection of natural and cultural heritage, access to basic services and to respect and promote human rights and inclusion.