Our work in Nigeria

We have had a presence in Nigeria since 1962, when the Nigerian Agip Oil Co. Ltd (NAOC) was founded, and currently operate in the country’s Exploration & Production sector.


Deposits and gas development

Our activities in Nigeria are regulated by the Production Sharing Agreement (PSA), a series of concession contracts and a service contract whereby we act as a contractor on behalf of the state-owned company. In October 2019, just three weeks after the well was completed, we began producing gas and condensates from the discovery of Obiafu 41 in the Niger river delta. The corresponding time to market was possible only thanks to our new integrated model, which calls, on the one hand, for the various disciplines to work in parallel from as early as the exploration phase, and on the other hand, for the synergies that can be achieved with neighbouring production plants to be exploited. The discovery concerns a hydrocarbon deposit in the form of some 28 billion m3 of gas and 60 million barrels of condensate. We will allocate a significant proportion of this gas to the domestic market in order to improve the availability of electricity on a local level. Once the well ramp-up phase is complete, production levels will reach around 3 million m3 of gas and 3,000 barrels of condensate per day. We will treat the gas produced at the Ob-Ob plant - a hub operated by Eni - before it is shipped off to the Okpai plant - the first independent power plant and one of the most efficient in the country -, also operated by Eni. Development activities in 2019 concerned the increasing generation capacity of the combined cycle power plant at Okpai to achieve about 1 GW

Development activities in the country in 2018 focused on blocks OML 60, 61, 62 and 63, of which we operate 20%. We have primarily launched workover and rigless operations for maintaining the production profile and maintaining and restoring facilities damaged through sabotage or bunkering. We also completed the water injection project for the Ebocha field in block OML 61, enabling us to achieve a reinjection capacity of approximately 30,000 barrels of production water per day, as well as the phase 2 operations at the Okpai power plant to double the installed capacity of block OML 60. Furthermore, we completed drilling activities to increase production and workover operations in 2018 with a view to curbing the natural decline in block OML 118, in which we have a 12.5% share, and the Abo field in the OML 125 operated block, of which we are the sole operators. We also completed the associated gas development projects - the Forkados Yokri Integrated Project in block OML 43 (in which Eni holds a 5% stake) and the Gbaran phase 2A/2B and SSAGS project in block OML 28 (in which Eni also holds a 5% stake). The gas produced here, too, will be destined for the domestic market. 

In January 2021, Eni and the partners divested the onshore production and development block OML 17 (Eni’s interest 5%). Development activities of the operated OMLs 60, 61, 62 and 63 blocks (Eni’s interest 20%) concerned: 

  • production optimization programs with workover and drilling activities
  • increasing generation capacity of the combined cycle power plant at Okpai. Natural gas production of the area will support the plant capacity. The first phase of the expansion project was completed, reaching an installed capacity of 780 MW. 

Other development activities concerned: 

  • the drilling of 8 oil wells in the EA offshore field in the Block 79 (Eni’s interest 5%)
  • production optimization programs with workover activity in the Gbaran field in the OML 28 block (Eni’s interest 5%) and Forkados Yokri field in the OML 43 block (Eni’s interest 5%)
  • the drilling of 4 oil wells in the western area of the Block 46 (Eni’s interest 5%)
  • the completion of an additional development well of the offshore Bonga field (Eni’s interest 12.5%).


The Bonny natural gas liquefaction plant

We have a 10.4% stake in Nigeria LNG Ltd, which operates the Bonny natural gas liquefaction plant in the eastern Niger Delta. The plant has a production capacity of 22 million tonnes of LNG per year, corresponding to around 35 billion m3 of feed gas per year. We have secured gas supplies to the plant under a gas supply agreement stemming from three joint ventures - the SPDC JV (in which Eni holds 5%), the TEPNG JV and the NAOC JV (in which Eni holds 20%). The plant handled volumes of approximately 32 billion m3 in 2018 as we sell our LNG production under long-term contracts on the US, Asian and European markets using the fleet of LNG carriers belonging to Bonny Gas Transport - a wholly-owned subsidiary of Nigeria LNG Ltd. In December 2019, the FID was sanctioned for the construction of the seventh treatment unit of the Bonny liquefaction plant (Eni’s interest 10.4%). The additional treatment unit will increase the actual production capacity to over 30 mmtonnes of year. Development activity is expected to be completed in 2024 with production start-up. In 2020, the Bonny liquefaction plant processed approximately 1,135 bcf.

In January 2020, we also signed a new 10-year supply contract for 1.5 million tonnes of liquefied natural gas (GNL) with the company Nigeria LNG Limited (NLNG), a joint venture between NNPC, Shell, Total and Eni (with a share of 10.4%). The agreement, together with the similar one signed in December with NLNG for 1.1 million tonnes of liquefied gas, will provide further volumes for our global LNG portfolio, beginning in 2021 and help develop our work in the main markets.

We create energy

We have set up the Green River Project to support young farmers in Nigeria and built a power plant to improve access to energy using local gas. In 2020 Eni’s programs to support local communities progressed with: access to energy initiatives, economic programs for diversification purposes (in particular with the Green River Project), professional training and scholarship programs and renovation and construction of health centers and supply of medical equipment.


Green River Project

The initiative was launched by the Nigerian Agip Oil Company (NAOC) in 1987 to promote more sustainable agricultural and food production. The first phase of the project involved training farmers, distributing high-yield agricultural seeds and multifunctional kits, promoting fishing-related activities and setting up cooperatives. In the second phase we also put in place a series of microcredit projects and launched the careers of nearly 4,000 young people in various sectors.


No Poverty: End poverty in all its forms everywhere


Zero Hunger: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture


Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but a necessary foundation for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world.


Decent Work and Economic Growth: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

Access to water in Nigeria

In 2018 we signed a three-year Collaboration Agreement with FAO (the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization). The aim was to contribute to the humanitarian activities to help internally displaced people (IDPs) and host communities affected by the Lake Chad crisis, as well as to promote access to clean, safe water in the country by building wells powered by photovoltaic systems.

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End poverty in all its forms everywhere


Zero Hunger

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Ensure access to water and sanitation for all

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Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

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Revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

Protecting biodiversity

We are committed to protecting the environment by following the most highly respected international guidelines in the field and have adopted a policy whereby we manage our interaction with the land as best we can. We implement various measures to avoid or at least minimise the impact of our operations in conjunction with various NGOs and institutions. We have dedicated chapter 6 of our longform entitled "Examples of application at operational sites" to the application of how we operate in Nigeria, Myanmar, Congo.

Nigerian Water Stories

Nigerian Water stories: our initiative is a book

How public-private partnerships to improve access to water can mitigate a climate crisis and strengthen cross-border security.


With Nigerian Agip Oil Company (NAOC) and its Joint Venture Partners we commissioned in June 2020 a COVID-19 Temporary Medical Infrastructure in Asaba, Delta State. The Medical Centre is part of the Oil and Gas Industry intervention in response to the outbreak of the pandemic, and it is aimed at providing a critical infrastructure to stem the spread of Covid-19 within Delta State and its environ. It consists of isolation blocks with a capacity of 70 beds and separate sections for male and female, confirmed and unconfirmed cases. It also features a block for the medical personnel. Others facilities at the Centre include, for example, Lounge and Waiting Rooms, Pharmacy, CCTV Room, X-Ray Room, Side Laboratory and a Power Generating Set. NAOC and the entire Oil and Gas Industry in Nigeria have been actively collaborated with the government, in response to the Pandemic having realized that defeating the scourge at this critical period, would require the concerted, collective and sustainable effort of all stakeholders.

COVID-19: our global commitment

As pandemic challenges increase globally, so does our commitment to the communities in the countries where we operate.


Exploring Nigeria

Since 1962 we have contributed to the country's socio-economic growth.

Since 1987, the Green River Project has helped the agricultural sector develop and supported the local community.

Il Farmers's day