Lima, 01-12 December 2014 – On December 1st the activities for the 20th session of the UN Conference on Climate Change (COP 20) have begun.
Around 4.000 delegates from 196 countries are meeting in Lima, Peru, in occasion of the 20th session of the Conference on Climate Change (COP 20). This UN summit is the last before the final one in Paris, which will take place exactly one year from now and during which it is hoped that a new legally binding international agreement will be signed, in replacement of the one in Kyoto for the post-2020 period.
The COP was designated as the supreme governing body of the UNFCCC (The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change), United Nations body born in 1994, aimed at reducing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere.
To date, 195 countries have submitted their instruments of ratification. These countries meet once a year, during two weeks, in order to evaluate the application of the Convention and develop the negotiation process between the Parties in front of new commitments
In recent months, the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), has directly pointed out what the international community should do to block the increase of the global average temperature below the threshold of risk: CO2 emissions must fall between 40 and 70 % by 2050 compared to the 1990 levels, of 100 % by the end of the century. Only with a coordinated and immediate action we will be able to contain the rise in temperature within two degrees Celsius as promised by the countries at Copenhagen in 2009.
The participation of the business is limited to the events organized on among side the negotiations between Governments (the COP); in particular, eni will participate in events organized by IPIECA, WBCSD and the Global Compact.
Download the preparatory document to the conference “Council conclusions on Preparations for the 20th session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the 10th session of the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol‘
Climate Summit 2014 – Eni'commitments
Climate change is one of the biggest challenges facing us in the near future, with risks for the planet and future generations. This means that we need to act quickly.
For many years Eni has developed a Climate Strategy aimed at mitigating its impact on climate change, in particular progressively reducing flaring and improving energy efficiency within its processes. Eni has also joined key international partnerships on climate change, in order to play an increasingly determining role in this game.
Regarding this topic, on September 23 in New York, Eni actively participated, with a delegation represented by the HSEQ (Health, Safety, Environment and Quality) and Sustainability departments, in the Climate Summit and the
During the activities, Eni announced its support to two important initiatives:
- “Oil&Gas Climate Initiative‘, voluntary initiative of the Oil&Gas sector aimed at communicating a pro-active role in the industry in the fight against climate change by specific actions such as: flaring down, fugitive emissions of methane, carbon capture and storage, carbon pricing etc.
- “CCAC Oil&Gas Methane Partnership‘, initiative promoted by UNEP which suggests specific action to monitor and reduce methane emissions in the Oil&Gas sector.
The Climate Summit 2014 and the Private Sector Forum are two particularly important events to involve governments and companies in the debate aimed at the signing of a global agreement on the climate for the post-2020 period, on the occasion of the Conference of Paris (COP21) in 2015.
This year the Private Sector Forum was focussed on carbon pricing, the decision to put a certain price on CO2 emissions which must be paid by those who emit carbon dioxide so that they will lower their emissions into the atmosphere. On this regard, the World Bank has proposed an agreement in favour of the adoption of carbon pricing. To date, around 230 companies and over 70 countries have signed this statement.
Eni's position on climate change
On the occasion of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD), Rio +20, held in Rio in Brazil in June 2012, Eni has responded to the call of the United Nations to register commitments focusing on delivering concrete results for sustainable development on a voluntary basis. This has inaugurated a bottom-up approach to demonstrate solutions and leadership on sustainable development.
The contribution of business to Sustainable Development, as stated in the final document of Rio +20, is recognized by all, and the issue of access to energy is a clear case of how the collaboration between Governments and Companies is essential to achieve challenging goals: there can’t be inclusive growth without an appropriate involvement of the business.
The commitments taken and registered at Rio +20 are on gas flaring and emissions reduction, the contribution to access to sustainable energy, green chemistry and the fight against corruption. Technological innovation, development of renewables and infrastructures resilient to the impacts of climate change, have been declared the most urgent and effective means to combat climate change and on these Eni has established its commitment, through the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and flaring and the increase of energy efficiency.