Supercomputing is an area in which Europe is unfortunately lagging behind - with the exception of a few centres run by private companies, which are particularly modern and powerful. Eni's HPC5 is an example of this, and boasts a computational power of around 52 PetaFlops/s, which increases to 70 when HPC5 is combined with HPC4. In order to compete with China and the United States (the leaders in this area), the European Union thus needs much more: a development programme that can close this competitive gap. Accordingly, the EuroHPC was developed, and over the course of just a few years, this system has already placed its cards on the table: eight processing centres, three with a capacity of 150 PetaFLOP/s and five with 40, connected to the GÉANT European high-speed network, resulting in an overall calculation speed of 650 million billion mathematical operations per second.
The immense computing system will be based in eight different European locations, and Bologna is one of these.