Technologies

We design, develop and deploy technology solutions that increase the efficiency of our operations, enable the creation of new business and support the net reduction of GHG emissions, with the goal of offering fully decarbonised products and services by 2050.

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Technology lies at the heart of our strategy

The energy transition requires a technological transformation

Technological innovation is the instrument with which we are addressing the complex challenges posed by the energy transition. By bringing together the laboratories of our Research Centres, the HPC5 supercomputing infrastructure and the skills of our people, we are in a position to develop proprietary and breakthrough technologies that, when applied on an industrial scale, allow us to be at the forefront of market change.

Digitalisation is a fundamental instrument to build our transformation path as it allows us to optimise internal processes, improve business activities for greater energy and operational efficiency, and increase the quality services offered to our customers.

In order to accelerate the process of structural innovation, we have built a network of partnerships with universities, start-ups, venture capital initiatives, public and private institutions and have thus created a virtuous ecosystem.

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As an indispensable part of our decarbonisation journey, renewable energy sources  are one of the main areas for our technological efforts to offer decarbonised products and services to our customers by 2050.

In this area, technologies that we are already applying on an industrial scale or in pilot plants are: Inertial Sea Wave Energy Converter (ISWEC), Concentrated Solar Power (CSP), Ecofining ™ and CCUS (Carbon Capture Utilization and Storage).

New ideas at the service of industry

The Inertial Sea Wave Energy Converter (ISWEC) is capable of extracting energy from sea waves and is already in operation off the coast of Ravenna. This technology is the result of a collaboration between Eni and Wave for Energy S.r.l., a spin-off of the Turin Polytechnic. 

Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) is an economical, simple and versatile solution that is suitable for many types of use. It can be integrated into upstream, downstream and chemical production sites to provide steam for industrial processing cycles or to run thermal power plants with a lower environmental impact.

The Ecofining™ process is capable of obtaining HVO (Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil) biofuel from vegetable oils and feedstock of organic origin and is the basis of our biorefineries. In parallel, we are also developing Waste to Fuel, which can also process the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (FORSU) and agri-food waste for the same purpose.

In the context of CCUS (Carbon Capture Utilisation and Sequestration), by now a mature technology, we expect to start the first storage activities in 2025 with the launch of the HyNet North West project in the UK, of which we are the lead partner. In addition, we are developing an industrial-scale technology for the mineralisation of CO₂ and its reuse in the production of materials for shipbuilding and construction.

Improving the present of energy and preparing the future

We oversee all stages of the innovation process, from the most immediate to the most strategic. In addition to developing proprietary technologies that are readily deployable in our businesses to reduce emissions and increase efficiency, we continue to support research into game-changer solutions that will create the energy of tomorrow, such as magnetic confinement fusion, which could generate virtually inexhaustible, low-GHG energy once it is made economically viable.

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Eni’s research to change energy

We support the development of energy solutions that are not yet available but have great potential, such as magnetic confinement fusion.

Scientific research

Circular chemistry and low-carbon energy

Proprietary technologies also play a central role in accelerating the conversion of chemistry according to the principles of the circular economy and the use of renewable feedstocks. In this field we focus mainly on the Hoop™  theoretically infinite chemical recycling of plastics that cannot be mechanically reused, (Mantua site) and on PROESA® to produce bioethanol and biogas from forest biomass (Crescentino plants).

Hydrogen is an important element used in the chemical sector and in biorefineries, as well as in transport and other industrial applications. We are developing all the low-carbon production processes for hydrogen: from natural gas reforming combined with emission capture (blue hydrogen), from electricity generated from renewable sources (green hydrogen) and with technologies to produce it from waste.

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HPC5: the supercomputer working for energy

The supercomputer we use to research new sources of energy is one of the most powerful and sustainable computing systems in the world.

Eni’s supercomputer

HPC5 is a set of parallel computing units capable of delivering a peak processing power of 51.7 Petaflops/s. Coupled with the supercomputing system already operational since 2018 (HPC4), the computer reaches a peak power of 70 Petaflops/s, i.e. 70 million billion mathematical operations performed in one second. Its full name is High Performance Computing - layer 5 and it is one of the most powerful supercomputers in the world. It is located in our Green Data Center (GDC) in Ferrera Erbognone (in the province of Pavia, in Italy) and it is used for processing three-dimensional models to explore new resources, but also to develop new technologies for the use of renewable forms of energy. The GDC is central to the development and implementation of ISWEC and is used in the research on magnetic confinement fusion.