Following the acquisition of the M'Boundi onshore oilfield in 2007, we developed a large-scale energy access model in the country. In the same year we launched an integrated project that allowed us to build the power plants Centrale Électrique du Djéno (CED) and Centrale Électrique du Congo (CEC), upgraded the energy transport infrastructure between Pointe-Noire and Brazzaville, and extended the electricity distribution network in the city of Pointe-Noire, which led to the installation of 6,500 lamps, benefiting 350,000 people. In fact, the project is not limited to electricity production; it also aims to improve the energy distribution system in the area. Having opened its third gas turbine and reached a capacity of 484 MW, the CEC is now responsible for generating 70% of all the country’s electricity. The plant, started in 2010, promotes the country's energy resources, maximising the use of gas for electricity production and the development of local markets. The CED and CEC are fuelled by gas from the M’Boundi and Marine XII fields.
Finally, in 2013, we launched a further project to exploit gas from the onshore Kouakouala field in the vicinity of M’Boundi. Using a system of portable gas-fuelled generators in the village of Mboubissi, adjacent to the oilfield, we are able to provide the energy for four wells, a health centre and local street lighting.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is an action plan incorporating 17 goals relating to the social and economic development of communities and countries. The Integrated Project for Access to Energy saw us play our part in ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy (Goal 7), and helping to build resilient infrastructure, foster innovation and promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation (Goal 9).
The CEC power station supplies energy to the entire municipality of Pointe-Noire, and the excess electricity is transmitted to the city of Brazzaville via a recently upgraded high-voltage network. The access to energy programme provides environmental benefits, reducing gas emissions and also allowed the success of the Hinda Project, which supplies electricity generated by solar panels to 33 community facilities (11 health centres and 22 drinking-water wells).
We collaborated with the Politecnico di Milano and we developed and validated the Eni Impact Tool to measure the impact of the CEC and its direct and indirect effects. The analysis concluded that the project improved the living conditions of the local population. The survey involved families, schools, hospitals and manufacturing and commercial activities in 38 neighbourhoods. The plant has been active for 10 years and the city of Pointe-Noire has benefited from the electricity supply, ensuring greater access to energy for its inhabitants. The Eni Impact Tool allows us to evaluate the overall "quality" of the project (such as continuity of supply and voltage stability) and how it impacts the quality of life of the community through specific metrics.
Eni Impact Tool is the result of a collaboration with the Energy Department of the Politecnico of Milano. This was the first time the model was applied to the energy sector and it is based on established methodologies used by institutions such as the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and for initiatives related to the United Nations 2030 Agenda.
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