The industrial history of the Crotone site began in the 1930s with the productions by the companies Pertusola Sud (former Pertusola area) and Ammonia Meridionale (former Fosfotec and former Agricoltura areas), the latter of which was subsequently transferred to Montecatini and then merged into Montedison in 1966. Eni was required to take charge of the facilities in the early 1990s following acquisition and rescue operations when it was a state-owned company, managing the closure of the plants and the initial environmental operations through safety and remediation interventions. In 2001, the Environment Ministry identified the site of Crotone-Cassano-Cerchiara as being one of national interest by decree, including within the perimeter not only the internal areas occupied by the decommissionedplants, but also the former Pertusola and Fosfotec landfills.
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Start of the remediation process
Origin of areas
Surface area of the Crotone-Cassano-Cerchiara Site of National Priority (around 74 hectares of which is owned by Eni Rewind)
~ €183 million
Environmental costs at 2021
CAPEX ~ €241 million
OPEX ~ €6 million
Annual water management costs
~ 1,100,000 m³
Water treated in 2021
Our activities in Crotone
At the Crotone site, Eni Rewind, which was not involved in the industrial activities which led to the environmental situation, carried out emergency operations to make the site safe and began the initial clean-up operations on the soil and groundwater. After a period of government-appointed management of the areas, in 2008 Eni's environmental company presented the remediation projects which led to the first authorisation procedures for groundwater (2015 decree) and soil (2017 decrees for some areas). It also concluded the demolition activities for all plants and put forward eight project proposals for the former Pertusola and Fosfotec seafront dumping grounds, none of which were considered suitable for approval by the Authorities. This impasse was overcome in 2017 with a new remediation project divided in two phases, created through dialogue with the national and local institutions. The first involved the creation of a kilometre-long seafront barrier to protect the remediation site areas from any meteorological or marine events. Phase two involves the removal and disposal of the materials present in the former seafront landfills and other environmental interventions in the industrial areas which once housed the plants.
Read about our other remediation projects
We have carried out environmental remediation and regeneration activities in former industrial and brownfield sites.