250 hectares, of which 126 owned by Eni Rewind (of which 116 inside the petrochemical site and 10 outside)
approximately € 40 mln on 31st December 2019
CAPEX approximately €20 million - OPEX approximately €700 thousand per year
Activity at the Ferrara site first began with the commissioning of a plant for the
production of synthetic rubber, by Società Anonima Italiana Gomma Sintetica.
In 1950 the plant was acquired by Montecatini (incorporated in Edison in 1966 with
the consequent foundation of Montedison group) which built the first Italian petrochemical
hub here, with the construction of a cracking plant and the start up of the cycle
of derivatives like polyethylene, polystyrene, ethylene oxide, polypropylene and elastomers.
Many plants were partially shut down in the eighties and some activities were transferred.
In 1982 Montedison handed the polyethylene branch of the company over to Anic and
in 1983 the polypropylene chain was handed over to Himont (a Montedison and Hercules
joint venture). In 1994 activities linked to ammonia, urea and fertiliser production
were handed over to the Norsk Hydro group. In the meantime, downstream from the failed
Enimont operation (an Eni and Montedison joint venture), the petrochemical hub was
handed over to Enichem (Eni Group) which in 2003 became Syndial, now Eni Rewind. residual
activities of the elastomer sector were handed over to Polimeri Europa in 2002, now
Versalis. Currently the Ferrara plant is a multi-company site where Eni Rewind, Versalis,
LyondellBasell, Yara and Sef all operate. Since 2001, all companies present at the
industrial hub have signed a number of agreements to favour and coordinate reclamation
operations. In particular, Eni's environmental company performed a characterisation
of own areas, the emergency safety containment of the western area and prevention
activities for aquifers in three different areas. Since 2003 it is also committed
to the reclamation of surface matrices, confined aquifers (with the IFM consortium),
the former Monteco Landfill site, the former Torch Zone, the PZPEC23 area, external
areas and the Anthropic Mound (the latter on behalf of Versalis).
On the decommissioning front, the company is undertaking or completing the demolition of ABS buildings, CTQ buildings, the CTE1 and DEMI1 plants, the Tank Area, the Piezometric Tower which is the property of SEF and former Agricoltura buildings. By 31st December 2019 approximately 40 million euros had been spent for cleanup activities and it is estimated that a further 20 million euros will be spent, in addition to 700 thousand euros per year for water treatment plant management.