Aviation fuels

Aviation fuels

Kerosene is a product largely obtained from the primary distillation of crude oil. Stocks coming from conversion plants, such as hydrocracking, can also be used in the formulation, while stocks from catalytic and thermal cracking plants are generally not used. On average, kerosene has a distillation interval between 180° and 280°C 

The main use for kerosene is in aviation turbine engines. In Europe, the market for kerosene for heating and lighting, on the other hand, is quite minimal.

The fuel supplied by Eni meets the requirements of the “Joint fuelling system check list for Jet A-1, current edition” which represents the most stringent requirements of the following two specifications:

  • British MoD DEF STAN 91-91 (DERD 2494), and
  • ASTM Standard Specification D1655-99 for Aviation Turbine Fuels "Jet A-1"

The air forces of the NATO countries use the JP-8, which is the same as the civilian Jet A-1, apart from some additives. The JP-5, which has a higher flashpoint, is used by military aircrafts.

The Jet Fuel sector, due to the care in the use of the product, was among the first to introduce accurate quality control procedures. The specification is very complex and detailed. In addition, the quality certificate must conform to precise standards.
All the movements of the product, from the refinery to the delivery on the aircraft, are subject to rules and procedures.

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Last updated on 09/05/12