Overview

Myanmar sustainability
In detail:

  • initiatives to engage local stakeholders aimed at socio-economic progress
  • Myanmar’s Environmental Impact Assessment procedures
  • training and education programmes in the context of cooperation with Myanmar authorities and the state-owned company Myanmar Oil & Gas Enterprise (MOGE)
  • the implementation of EITI criteria in Myanmar
  • the brochure “Myanmar. Energy, society and sustainability” and the IEE, ESHIA, DIHR documents, in English, downloadable in the PDF format

Socio-economic development

We have always adopted a sustainable approach oriented to the local dimension, accompanying the countries in which we operate towards development. Eni also promotes information sharing in order to establish a constructive dialogue with local stakeholders. In fact, Eni Myanmar has taken preventive measures with the involvement of the stakeholders involved in the various phases of the project. The main purpose of such efforts is to:
  • inform stakeholders about the project’s activities
  • bear in mind stakeholders expectations and create a constructive context
  • foresee potential issues that may affect the project during its life cycle
  • facilitate a proactive development in relations that can become an asset during the life cycle of the project.

Farm Recovery Project
In Jult 2015, the monsoon depression over the north-east of the Gulf of Bengal Gulf intensified and became a cyclonic storm called “Komen”. As a result different regions and states of western and northern Myanmar were affected by floods. In order to support the people affected in the Magway region, Eni Myanmar promoted a Farm Recovery Project, which aimed to improve nutrition, food security and support of the families of farmers who were victims of the disastrous floods, through the provision of agricultural production tools (seeds for sesame, chickpeas, peanuts and vegetables, as well as fertilisers and agricultural equipment) and technical assistance for 1,400 beneficiaries. The project, which started in December 2015, ended in May 2016.

As part of the Farm Recovery Project, during the distribution of agricultural tools, we promoted technical training events for all beneficiaries to ensure the best use of the means of production. The aim of this training was to assist the beneficiaries in the acquisition of knowledge for the efficient use of the means of production and to improve agricultural production through the use of correct techniques. The training was developed according to the Good Agricultural Practice guidelines for the cultivation of winter crops, including the effective use of fertilisers, soil conservation, pest and disease control, home gardening, the quality control of seeds and water management.

Human Rights impact assessment
Respect for human rights is a key element in the overall development of society, territories and consequently for the companies working in such areas. In 2015 an impact assessment on human rights related to the activities of the exploratory phase of the onshore block RSF-5 was designed and launched. Along with the Danish Institute for Human Rights, we made an initial assessment of the social characteristics of the country (Preliminary Human Rights Impact Mapping) and identified the most representative stakeholders on human rights (Stakeholder Mapping and Analysis). Subsequently, field activities were carried out involving consultations at the main villages affected by exploration activities, through which we identified the most critical areas and the appropriate actions to mitigate risks. More than five hundred people, representing of the community’s social structure, were involved in the consultations through focus groups and individual interviews. And during the fieldwork, meetings were also held with a number of local associations, active in the area with development programmes and advocacy in defence of farmers’ rights. On the basis of the study commissioned from the Danish Institute for Human Rights, Eni Myanmar has implemented an Action Plan aimed at protecting the rights of the local population involved in the project, both as part of the recruited workforce (90%) and in relation to temporary access to private property (Land Access Management). With regard to the latter, in order to cover a wide rural area governed by more than 90 small and medium sized 90 villages, a database of over 45,000 cultivated fields, state-owned areas and protected areas was created, for which, to date, access permissions have been obtained for over 12,000 properties, thanks to the prior dissemination of information through advertisements in local newspapers, explanatory brochures, posters and public consultations. Finally, a Grievance Mechanism has been put in place that enables us to directly monitor and manage any kind of grievance raised by local communities.

Education

We promote projects in the field of sustainability, with training programmes and activities for local communities. Working in cooperation with the authorities of Myanmar and the state company Myanma Oil & Gas Enterprise (MOGE), we have provided education and training programmes aimed at transferring technological know-how to local staff. We have also sponsored three Masters in Integrated Petroleum Geosciences at the University of Perugia, four Masters in Energy and Environmental Management and Economics (MEDEA) at Milan Eni Corporate University (ECU) and two Masters in Health, Safety and Environment and Quality System (HSE-Q), also at ECU. We also sponsor specialist technical courses for qualified staff in Myanmar involving around a hundred people. The first three courses (Reservoir Geology, Reservoir Seismic and Production Optimisation) were held successfully in Nay Pyi Taw in March and July 2016 and March 2017, respectively.

Environment

The potential environmental impact on the area has been mitigated through a careful analysis conducted by surveyors, with the support of local biologists experts in native flora and fauna, in order to minimise the footprint in uncontaminated and/or uncultivated areas. Despite the lack of local infrastructure, Environmental sensitivities, especially regarding waste, are in any case managed according to standard Eni procedures.

Eni Myanmar has conducted a series of studies to identify, assess and mitigate all potential impacts related to the activities foreseen for the operated blocks. The studies were completed in compliance with Myanmar regulatory standards, and in line with both Eni and international standards and guidelines. In the context of the assessment of environmental impact the main local legislative reference is the “Myanmar Environmental Impact Assessment Procedures", approved on 29 December 2015 to replace the existing legislative proposal of 24 December 2013. Consequently, Eni Myanmar carried out IEE (Initial Environmental Examination) studies on the MD-2 and MD-4 offshore blocks and ESHIA (Environmental, Social and Health Impact Assessment) studies on the RSF-5 and K-PSC onshore blocks.

Trasparency

Myanmar is actively engaged in the process of promoting transparency in the oil sector, a position confirmed by the attribution of the status of EITI candidate country, in 2014, as part of the Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI), and with which the country has committed itself to satisfying the requirements by 2017. The first Myanmar EITI Report was published in December 2015, covering the period April 2013 - March 2014. As foreseen by the transparency commitments, Eni Myanmar voluntarily published payments made for oil and gas initiatives in the year 2015.

Read also

Eni’s activities in Myanmar

Eni's activities in Myanmar are directed to the Upstream sector, onshore and offshore.

Eni Corporate University

Eni Corporate University is responsible for recruiting, selecting and training Eni’s staff.
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