Nigeria sustainability
In detail:

  • the initiatives of the integrated development project for farming and livestock, the Green River Project, in the Niger Delta
  • activities related to health, agricultural development, training, environmental protection and culture
  • the Burma Rice Farm project, launched in 2000 to encourage rice production in the Bayelsa State region
  • the Kwale Okpai power plant and other initiatives to facilitate access to energy
  • measures taken for the protection and promotion of the environment, such as the reduction of gas flaring and the management of production water
  • the stakeholder engagement system involving local communities locali
  • the implementation of EITI criteria in Nigeria
  • videos about the Kwale Okpai power plant, part of the Green River Project

Green River Project

The Green River Project is an integrated programme of agricultural and livestock development in the Niger Delta that was launched in 1987 to support agricultural development in the four states of Imo, Delta, Rivers and Bayelsa, where NAOC, an Eni subsidiary, operates. The initiative aims to create a sustainable agricultural and food production system to promote the socio-economic well-being of the rural population of the Niger Delta. Its activities include: 
  • the introduction of new local crop management practices, with the distribution of seeds to maximise production as directed by local research institutes involved in the project 
  • a training programme for the transfer of expertise on innovative cropping systems (Skill Acquisition Scheme) 
  • the creation of agricultural cooperatives to ensure the implementation of the techniques and cultivation systems acquired 
  • facilitating access to microcredit
  • the involvement of women in the transfer and dissemination of skills in nutrition, health and hygiene.
Through the Green River Project we have built strong relationships with local stakeholders from more than 330 communities in the area, but also with institutions at the federal and local level, with national and international research institutions, universities, development and non-governmental organisations. Since the beginning of the project 36,000 farmers have been directly involved, benefiting 500,000 people in 120 communities. Agricultural productivity has increased thanks to crops with greater nutritional and economic value, for which farmers receive improved seeds and cuttings, along with modern techniques of post-harvest treatment for agricultural produce. In 2015 the nineteenth edition of the “Farmers’ Day” of the Green River Project was held: “Feeding the country, Energy for Life.” This annual event brings together Eni, its joint venture partners and all the project stakeholders, and presents an opportunity to reward the best results by farmers and cooperatives, as well as networking and the exchange of ideas.

Socio-economic development

Over the years we have carried out hundreds of projects in health, agricultural development, education, environmental protection and culture. In 2014 we received the award for Local Content Operator of the Year presented by the local association of the Petroleum Engineering and Technology Association of Nigeria (PETAN), in recognition for the development of effective initiatives to stimulate local potential and increase the ability of suppliers and service providers to comply with the high standards required by the Oil & Gas sector. In Nigeria our efforts are aimed at improving the living conditions of local communities, with particular reference to civil infrastructure, the provision of basic infrastructure and services for access to water, education and access to energy.
In 2015 the main activities included the distribution of seeds and production material in the fields of fisheries and livestock (7,955 improved seeds of sweet potato, 2,483 cassava cuttings and 17,957 improved banana and pineapple seedlings, 467,130 fry and 16,500 chicks), with a relative increase in employment and income opportunities for local communities


Eni has traditionally supported important public health initiatives in the Niger Delta such as the Roll Back Malaria Programme in favour of children and pregnant women and the UNICEF project to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV and participates in the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. Subsequently, attention was directed towards the improvement of access to primary health care services to address the limited availability of adequate and appropriate services at community level in many areas of the Niger Delta. Over the years, through new construction, renovation, the provision of equipment and the professional skills of the personnel working at the 43 health centres, access to services has improved for a population of about 250,000 people distributed across the states of Bayelsa, Rivers, Delta and Imo. Currently, in the same territories, 8 similar initiatives are underway aimed at improving access to primary healthcare centres for about 30,000 inhabitants.


To stimulate local potential and increase the ability of suppliers of goods and services to achieve the high standards required by the Oil & Gas sector, we have implemented Local Content programmes for training and gap closure, as well as awareness campaigns on the issues of the protection of the environment and safety, allocation of labour within the country, support for Nigerian products, the development of local industrial capacity, the transfer of technology, implementation of projects to develop the potential of local companies and improve their productive capacity, also through the provision of energy. The training part of the project is structured in three main areas: the distribution of agricultural and production inputs along with services and relative training, training for the enhancement of skills and support for local businesses through incentives for the creation of cooperatives and access to microcredit, with particular attention to women and youth. As well as allowing the purchase of products and machinery, this encourages the spread of information on issues such as soil management and proper nutrition. The Green River Project supports the development and efficient management of farms and small scale food processing centres. Regular training activities were carried out on modern methods of agricultural production at thirteen appointed centres, involving more than 630 cooperatives and offering career support service. Particular attention is given to the encouragement of young people, through the use of multifunction kits to prepare the land and transport the crop. 550 young people, of which 40% women, aged between 18 and 30, have been involved in the skills acquisition and professional equipment programme in the areas of carpentry, welding, plumbing, computer technology, event management and fashion. Access to credit and the acquisition of input and machinery, has facilitated the establishment of new cooperatives and the strengthening of existing ones. We promoted 33 different projects for the training of teachers and students, the construction of school infrastructure, libraries and training centres and the provision of teaching materials. We pay special attention to the development and exploitation of knowledge and the managerial, technical and professional skills of our people. New skills are affirmed thanks to contacts between farmers and research institutes, through training and workshops.

Burma Rice Farm

On 19 May 2014 in Yenagoa (Bayelsa State, Nigeria) a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), was signed for the delivery by the NAOC to Local Government of the Burma Rice Farm project, in the presence of the General Manager of the NAOC District, the Governor Timipre Sylva and the local press: it includes infrastructure, farm equipment and offices, as well as the future technical management of the Africa Rice Centre. The Burma Rice Farm is a pilot project developed by NAOC for rice production in area of about 50 hectares in the Bayelsa State region at Imbiakpabai, Nembe. Launched in 2000, with agreements signed between NAOC and Bayelsa State, the project has seen the development of culture techniques, training, technical support and the supply of agricultural equipment. The objectives include the production of high quality rice with economic and employment results in line with the federal government’s Nigeria Rice Policy. The project has reached a production of 200 tons/year of rice and created up to 60 jobs.

Access to energy

For us, access to energy is synonymous with social inclusion and the guarantee a dignified life. For this reason, contributing to the development of local energy systems is part of the company’s cooperation strategy. Energy is the lever for sustainable development that increases the possibility of women’s empowerment, the creation of safe urban environments and the protection of ecosystems and biodiversity. The Kwale Okpai power plant was built with a view to enhancing local natural gas and is the first operation we completed as part of the Gas Master Plan, in agreement with the Federal Government. The power station has an installed capacity of 480 MW. In 2015 with a consumption of 563.06 MMScm of gas, it generated energy equivalent to 2.67 million megawatt hours, of which 2.60 supplied to the Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN). This was followed by the activation of a gas supply contract to the 150 MW power plant of the River State Government. In 2015 84.45 million cubic meters of gas was supplied to the power plant. In Nigeria, at the end of 2015, 43 communities are served by independent electrification systems (off-grid), for a total of approximately xxxMW of installed capacity. In addition, Eni promotes access to electricity in Nigeria through the creation of networks connected with oil centres, with which, in 2015, 36 villages were connected (for a cumulative total of 38 MW installed) and connection to the existing national network through electrical works, such as the installation of transformers and the extension of low voltage electric lines. In 2014 twelve communities were involved.


Some years ago, Eni initiated a gas flaring reduction programme with clear results: over the last eight years, gas flaring has continuously fallen, with reductions of over 80% since 2007. The largest contribution to the reduction of gas flaring has been from large associated gas development projects implemented mainly in Nigeria and Congo, whose main purpose was the installation of new compression systems for the recovery of associated gas and transport to LNG plants, power plants or, in the absence of local infrastructure, reinjection in reservoirs. The latest achievements in this field, with regard to Nigeria, have been the “Ogbainbiri Flow Station Upgrading” and “Akri production optimisation” projects, which, in 2014, helped to achieve a reduction of approximately 86% in the gas sent to flaring compared with 2007. The gas is now used for the production of electricity, the supply of the Eleme petrochemical plant or the Bonny LNG terminal or re-injected into the reservoir.

With regard to ongoing initiatives, projects mainly consist in upgrading plants to treat the low-pressure gas and send it to the Bonny LNG terminal or the Brass terminal to be used as fuel gas. As part of the environmental risk management for oil spills, the trend of events of operational oil spills is constantly falling, and in 2015 the volume of oil spilled into the environment due to bunkering fell by 67%.
This thanks to the preventive activities conducted by NAOC including:
  • the systematic maintenance and, in some cases, replacement of pipeline sections
  • multiday helicopter surveillance of the lines
  • strengthening of the ground installation surveillance contracts
  • the optimisation of the number of the emergency response teams.
In addition, on 18 March 2014, NAOC created a website to spread, in a transparent manner, constantly updated information about sustainability issues (local content, social projects, environmental impact studies, volumes of gas flaring and oil spills). In particular, regarding oil spills, a range of information is available, such as the Joint Investigation Report (JIV), photographic material, statistics and descriptions of spill response activities. In addition in March 2015 NAOC commissioned an external certifying body to conduct an audit of the Oil Spill Management System for compliance with respect to Nigerian legislation, international standards and Eni guidelines, analysing 3,900 oil spill events between 2007 and 2014. Eni’s upstream sector is essentially a victim of theft and sabotage, 90% of the reasons for oil spill events in recent years. To overcome this phenomenon, robust and coordinated action is required by all stakeholders - institutions, companies, local communities and NGOs.
Measures undertaken by Eni to mitigate bunkering concern: 
  • the prevention and timely localisation of oil theft points on the lines, in close coordination with the relevant government institutions, stepping up aerial and ground surveillance teams, and
  • response to spills, with the intensification of the number of operational teams in the area to ensure timely containment of any oil spilled at oil theft points.
In recent years in Nigeria an important project has been underway for the management of production water through collection, treatment and re-injection into the well. The initiative, launched in 2011, saw the launch in November 2014, of the test phase for the Ebocha Phase 2 revamping project, which is the first of three production water treatment hubs (besides Tebidaba and Brass ). As part of the Ebocha revamping project the section of the production water management, foresees the construction of two treatment trains and a collection network for sending the water from the land area to the re-injection wells in the Ebocha and Mbede fields.

Grievance Mechanism

We have adopted a Grievance Mechanism, a system for the collection and management of sensitive issues with regard to standards and local customs and consistent with the Code of Ethics to facilitate the identification of remedies and solutions and contribute to corporate risk management. This tool is part of a broader strategy of stakeholder engagement aimed at improving relations, allowing for more responsive and responsible management and contributing to long-term business prospects and the well-being of local communities. In Nigeria, the Community Relations Manager conducts mediation activities to prevent or resolve disputes in order to facilitate both the relationship between Eni and local communities and business operations. The key results include: indemnification for spills caused by the malfunction of equipment and related remediation activities, the preparation of agreements for the realisation of local community initiatives, resolution of complaints raised by local communities for Eni’s construction activities.


EITI implementation in Nigeria began in 2004 with the launch of the Nigerian Extractive Transparency Initiative (NEITI), which became law in 2007, highlighting the commitment of the Federal Government to implementation. The country was declared “EITI compliant” in 2011. Eni is not a direct member of the National Stakeholders Working Group (NSWG) but an indirect member through the Oil Producers Trade Sector (OPTS) of the Lagos Chamber of Commerce.
In the National Stakeholders Working Group of NEITI, made up of representatives of the public and private sectors, the OPTS represents all of the oil-producing companies. The OPTS is currently represented by ExxonMobil. Eni has always promoted and supported the EITI in the various evaluation cycles conducted between 1999 and 2012. The final report, based on the data for 2012, was published in March 2015. The country took part in the pilot project launched by EITI on beneficial ownership (organisational transparency).
Consequently, in the EITI report, prepared in accordance with the EITI Standard, a section devoted to the subject has been included. NEITI has also discussed with the Department of Petroleum Resources, which regulates the oil and gas sector in the country, the opening up to the public of national registers from which the information on organisational transparency was derived. In 2015 5 meetings of the local Multi-stakeholder Group were held.



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Eni’s activities in Nigeria

Eni has been operating in Nigeria since 1962 with both onshore and offshore Exploration & Production activities.

Grievance Mechanism

Eni has adopted a Grievance Mechanism, an approach to receive and resolve complaints from individuals or groups in a timely manner.
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