Access to water
Mozambique is characterised by very low levels of access to drinking water (13 million people, just over half of the total population) and sanitation (21.5 million people): 4.000 children die each year from diarrhoea as a result of unsafe water and poor sanitation. In 2007, the Government defined a water and sanitation strategy in rural areas where 62% of the population lives. For all of the above reasons, promoting access to safe and reliable water is a priority in the social responsibility strategy of Eni East Africa (EEA). In 2014, EEA conducted a needs assessment in the Province of Cabo Delgado, paying particular attention to the village of Palma: the old colonial-era water distribution system, consisting of two wells, storage facilities and pipelines, was found to be obsolete and unable to supply water to the growing population of the village (about 25,000 people).
In line with its mission, EEA decided to launch a water access project, in coordination with local authorities and representatives of the communities involved, with a view to building a water system in two areas of Palma:
- the Quilaua district, the central location of administrative and public buildings
- the Muha district, a rapidly-growing residential area.
The starting point of the project was the completion of a geo-water survey to better understand the potential of the two sites in terms of water availability, quality and reliability.
The water system built by EEA, and delivered to local authorities in 2015, currently serves more than 4,000 people, providing 20 litres of water per person per day. The system is made up of the following elements:
- two water wells with submerged electric pumps
- two water tanks (with a capacity of 60 cubic metres)
- three public viewpoints
- a small water distribution network (around 1.2 km long).
In order to ensure sustainability, all stages of the project involved the major stakeholders, such as:
- local authorities (District Department of Infrastructure and Urban Planning, Department of Health and Social Action) to verify the effectiveness of the intervention over time
- local leaders and members of the community
- water management committees, supporting its creation and technical training for the proper maintenance and financial management of the system.
Eni promotes the procurement of goods and services necessary for its activities starting from the potential of the countries in which it operates and using local labour. Through the development of its Vendor Management System, Eni offers Mozambican companies support and training activities, in order to reach high performance standards enabling them to obtain new supply contracts and international certifications. Eni uses a qualification and control system which for the evaluation of suppliers using criteria defined by SA8000 certification standards on respect for human and labour rights, the protection of minors and health and safety in the workplace. In 2014 the process was completed for the updating of the qualification questionnaire for suppliers in line with the 10 principles of the Global Compact. In 2014 20 SA8000 audits were conducted involving seven subsidiaries around the world, making a total of 107 SA8000 audits performed since 2008 also in Mozambique. In the same year Eni’s commitment to spreading the Vendor Management System to the subsidiaries continued. VMS (and training systems) were launched and consolidated in four countries, including Mozambique, where the activities included a market analysis to verify local potential for participation in the development of industrial activities. All participants provided a detailed local content plan that was used in the commercial evaluation. The share of procurement in the country increased from 13% in 2012 to 18% in 2014. Thanks to the local content strategies implemented, local procurement in Mozambique in 2014 amounted to 53%, rising to 55% in 2015 and 2016. Finally, initiatives have been launched, in collaboration with the Mozambique Chamber of Commerce (“CTA”), with the involvement of EEA in the illustration of Eni’s procurement plan for the country in the medium term, with a special focus on local businesses.
Project to reinforce infant emergency services in the district of Palma
Cabo Delgado is the northernmost province of Mozambique and is also home to some critical health indicators. Located in the north-east, on the border with Tanzania, it has an estimated total population of 1,700,000. The age distribution shows a higher prevalence of young people: 46% are under the age of 15, of which 17% under five. Malaria, diarrhoea, pneumonia, malnutrition, HIV and TB are the leading causes of childhood morbidity and mortality. They are very high levels of maternal mortality and HIV. Also leprosy and schistosomiasis (snail fever) are among the neglected diseases. The density of infrastructure and qualified health staff is still below the standards set by the local Ministry of Health (MISAU), which explains coverage rates of reproductive and child health services well below the national average.
Project to reinforce emergency services in the district of Pemba
We are engaged in the training of twenty doctors at the Pemba hospital to reinforce emergency and first aid services, organising certified courses in cardiology and traumatology, providing equipment for the recovery room and intensive care, reorganising the distribution of medical gas equipment. During 2016, Eni East Africa, in the context of Community Health activities, purchased and subsequently installed (in January 2017) a plant for the in loco production of medical gases needed for the departments of the Pemba Hospital. This facility has made the hospital autonomous in terms of the availability of oxygen for medical use. The next step will be the supply of a stock of around 60 new cylinders to facilitate the full use of the capacity, currently operating at 45% of its potential.
The low level of use is due to the shortage of available cylinders, once this gap has been closed, full use of the system can be achieved, bringing productivity to 90% and also making it possible to supply to other districts. In cooperation with the Saude Provincial Area, a monitoring system will be established to determine the quantity of oxygen produced (number of filled cylinders) and their distribution per district.
Discussions are ongoing with the National Cancer Prevention Department and the National Directorate of Cooperation for the study of a new project for the prevention of cervical cancer. The EEA will provide, as part of the National Prevention Plan for this type of cancer, support for the training of healthcare professionals operating in health centres and the purchase of equipment necessary for the diagnosis and treatment of the disease, which, if diagnosed and treated in the initial stages, has very high recovery rates. The plan is to spread the efforts across all of the major centres in Saude, the urban districts and province of Maputo, for a total, over the 4 years of the project, of 24 centres and benefitting an estimated 200,000 women. In addition, in the district of Palma an Eni Foundation initiative for the improvement of maternal and child health services is ongoing. The aim of the project is the reduction of infant and maternal mortality by increasing the quality of and access to maternal and child health services. The project was defined along with the Ministry of Health (MISAU), the Provincial Directorate of Health of Cape Delgado (DPS), the Office of the District Directorate of Health (DHO) and the Directorate of Health Center District of Palma. The strategy, identified jointly with the local Health Authority in 2012, was officially ratified by the Ministry of Health in an agreement signed on 3 March 2013. Efforts have been conducted in close collaboration with provincial and district health authorities and with the patronage of the cabinet of the First Lady Maria da Luz Guebuza. The aim of the project is to support Mozambican authorities in reducing neonatal, infant and maternal mortality in the district by increasing the quality of and access to maternal and child health services.
The expected results are:
- improved quality of obstetric and neonatal emergency services
- reinforced diagnostic support services (x-ray, ultrasound and laboratory)
- improved access to MCH services for women with high-risk pregnancies
- improved quality of MCH services and Health Centre organisation
- organisational and technical support for the Palma District Health Department in the delivery of basic assistance services at peripheral health centres.
At the Palma Health Centre, in the period 2013-16, the project, has already:
- established an emergency service with the creation of a surgical unit
- opened a home for pregnant women high obstetric risk from outlying areas to promote access to safe childbirth
- provided radiological, ultrasound and laboratory equipment to reinforce diagnostic capabilities
- provided a collective off-road vehicle for mobile clinical activities and supervision in the district
- supported the on the job training and vocational training courses for a total of 174 health professionals throughout the district.
The courses offered included: obstetric emergencies and puerperal sepsis, neonatal care, paediatric emergencies, neonatal obstetric care, health information system, training for traditional midwives, prevention of vertical transmission mother-child HIV infection (PMTCT) and ultrasound techniques. Moreover, infrastructural improvements have been completed (recovery of the water supply system and electric generator, rehabilitation of housing for the health centre staff)
Activities relating to the establishment and expansion of new services, along with on the job training led in 2015 to an increase of 30% of hospital assisted births compared with 2014 and over 260 surgical procedures in the new operating unit. The direct beneficiaries of the initiative have been pregnant women and infants in the district of Palma (about 3,000), but also the medical staff of the department of obstetrics and gynaecology of the main health centre (about 50 people) and those of the 6 health centres (about 30 people) that offer basic emergency obstetric services. The indirect beneficiaries are all the inhabitants of the area (60,000 people) that now have access to improved health services. The non-governmental organisation “Doctors With Africa CUAMM” which boasts a historical presence in Mozambique since 1978, has been identified as the organisation responsible for the implementation of some project activities thanks to its deep roots in the area.
Health awareness through theatre
Eni and Eni Foundation have launched a theatre and health information project in the country called Il teatro fa bene to promote a reflection on health issues in Mozambique with particular regard to maternity and infant care and provide information on the sustainability projects that Eni has activated in the country. A team of Italian actors and film makers and Italian and Mozambican writers, including Jacopo Fo, has prepared a road show in the Cabo Delgado area to spread good health-hygiene and food practices in an effective way among the population. The tour took place in 2016, with 6 performances in the main district centres and the participation of around 3,500 spectators. The web-series that gave an account of the entire theatre project has won numerous international awards and prizes.
The final stage of the project, involves the building of a 12-bed hospital stay for surgery. Procurement activities are currently underway for the award of construction contracts (completion is expected by the the end of 2017) and the acquisition of the necessary medical equipment.
From primary school to vocational training, Eni in Mozambique is focused on all-round learning, a 360° approach to promote education and training projects designed to support the entire learning process, from primary school to university, and from vocational to continuous training. The first step is primary education. Eni has signed an agreement with the Provincial Department of Education and Culture, the Municipality of Pemba and the Community Council of Paquitequete to improve access to schooling in the Paquitequete area (Pemba), through the construction of a primary school, the provision of teaching materials and awareness activities for the promotion of social and environmental issues. The direct beneficiaries are around 2,000 children and 40 teachers, while the indirect beneficiaries are around 13,000, including the children’s families and the population as a whole. The school was opened in 2014 and the study for the implementation of the second phase of the project was begun. The participatory approach is also promoted thanks to the direct involvement of committees of parents and students. The school was opened in 2014 and studies began for the second phase of the project.
In 2016, the school was provided with equipment for extra-curricular activities such as theatre, gardening, poetry, gymnastics and basketball.
Focus Aprendemos Brincando
The introduction of a new national curriculum in Mozambique presents a number of challenges: a gradual transition from the local dialect to Portuguese as the means of communication, the introduction of new subjects, such as English and crafts, and the adoption of a style of teaching that promotes an integrated interdisciplinary approach with some topics organised in teaching units. EEA aims to support the quality of education in Mozambique, not only through the refurbishment of school infrastructure, but also by building knowledge and skills. EEA, in collaboration with IDECO \ CULT, launched the “Aprendemos brincando” project, a pilot project aimed at involving teachers and their students in activities with specially trained facilitators and ad hoc teaching materials. The aim of the project is the creation of a teaching syllabus that allows children to participate actively and building their knowledge by stimulating their curiosity, interests and imagination.
An important part of the project aims to use teaching materials able to:
- stimulate the interaction of children and increase their awareness of the environment in which they live
- encourage reflection on cultural, human and environmental analogies between their local reality, Mozambique and the rest of the world, guiding them to continuous discovery.
The first part of the project was carried out at the Paquite School in Pemba from July to November 2016 and involved around 500 children and 8 teachers. In 2017, the project will be extended to the entire school as well as to another school selected in agreement with the Ministry of Education.
The innovative projects launched by the company include Eni Junior Professor (JP), developed in collaboration with ECU-SEUN. Launched in 2014, the project concerns the training of eight future teachers in Oil & Gas engineering at the University of Mondlane in Maputo, Mozambique.
In 2015 this involved:
- a training period (from March to August) in Maputo with professors from the University of Perugia, Politecnico di Torino, the University of Houston and ECU.
- advanced degree studies (Master of Science) at the University of Perugia (2 JP in Geosciences), the Politecnico di Torino (3 JP in Petroleum Engineering) and the China University of Petroleum-Beijing (3JP in Petroleum Engineering).
At the end of the academic course (lasting two years in Perugia and Torino and three years in Beijing) the Junior Professors will begin their academic career at the Mondlane University in Maputo creating a centre of excellence in gas engineering, essential training for the growth of the Mozambican energy sector. Eni will benefit from being able in the future to access “local content” of quality and using the new training capability of Mondlane University. This is a new example of cooperation between Eni and the university with clear benefits for all. Eni invests on higher education also with the “200 Training Programme”, a selection and training program for 200 students from Mozambique on oil and gas issues. So far 133 students have been involved, 20 of whom have already been hired by the subsidiaries. The selection activities are carried out with the support of Eni International Resources and Eni Corporate University. Also in Mozambique, Eni started the “Eni Professors@UEM” project, in collaboration with the Eduardo di Mondlane University in Maputo, with the aim of training 10 Mozambican junior professors in the field of oil & gas engineering. The training programmes will be carried out in Mozambique and abroad, by highly specialised partner universities like the University of Sao Paulo (USP) in Brazil, the University of Perugia, the Politecnico di Torino and the China University of Petroleum-Beijing, and with the support of experts from the University of Texas. Eni has also organised, in collaboration with Eni Corporate University, a selection programme for the recruitment and support of master students in Petroleum Engineering and Geosciences. The selected universities are the French Petroleum Institute (France), Imperial College (UK) and the Montan University of Leoben (Austria). Stipulation of the relevant conventions is currently being finalised. As part of the “Eni Students” project, in collaboration with University College, London, two in initiatives have been organised in Mozambique (UEM, Maputo and UniLurio, Pemba) involving more than 200 of the country’s high school students. In particular, study days were organised in which selected students spent two days at universities to learn some of the basics of energy and the environment, with a particular focus on geology. The idea behind the project (already active in India and Ghana) is to facilitate the choice, by graduating school-leavers, of university studies in the Upstream area. Eni pays great attention to the development and enhancement of knowledge and the managerial, technical and professional skills of its people. Specifically, professional training activities in the country include:
- Training path for geoscientists. A multidisciplinary programme covering earth sciences and their application in the exploration and production of hydrocarbons and designed to provide a general background in the geology of oil & gas
- Training path for reservoir engineers. A multidisciplinary programme covering earth sciences, the study and analysis of deposits for better exploitation in oil production
- Training path for HSE supervisors. A multidisciplinary programme lasting about seven years that illustrates the HSE issues as applied to the oil industry
- Training path for drilling & completion supervisors. A programme to develop technical skills in the oil & gas industry.
Mozambique continues to be the largest discovery ever in Eni’s history. The agreement signed at the end of 2012, and subsequently refined the end of 2013, with Anadarko for the coordinated development of upstream offshore activities and the creation of the onshore liquefaction facilities was a major step in the advancement of the activities required to enhance the gas discoveries made. At the same time, offshore development using a FLNG (Floating Liquefied Natural Gas) unit is an innovation not only for the Eni, but more generally in the field of oil and gas worldwide. For this project, Eni is committed to its planning and subsequent development, in accordance with the legislative provisions of Mozambique and in line with its own policies, procedures and advanced and internationally recognized safety and environmental protection standards. As part of the assessment of environmental impact, health and social welfare of the FLNG project, Eni has promoted the involvement of and consultation with stakeholders from the early stages of the authorisation process, including interviews with government authorities and representatives of local communities in order to share the results of specialised studies in the area and to evaluate their perception on priority environmental issues such as biodiversity and ecosystem services. In July 2015, the final report of the environmental and social impact assessment process (ESIA) for the FLNG project, conducted by an external environmental and social consultant, was approved by the Mozambique Ministry for Land, the Environment and Rural Development (MITADER). As a result, the environmental licence for the FLNG project was issued in September 2015.In addition, the FLNG project was subject to environmental and social due diligence carried out as part of the project financing process. The project is has Category A status in the Equator Principles (EP) and all its potential environmental and social impacts were analysed. The Phase Two Due Diligence Report on social and environmental aspects, prepared in November 2016, included a breakdown to assess the compliance of the project with the Mozambican national laws, the IFC’s EHS guidelines, the IFC’s socio-environmental performance standards, OECD common approaches, applicable EHS conventions, and international best practices. Finally, the FLNG project also complies with the international standards applicable to the socio-environmental issues established at the current development stage. To promote the protection of what is called the ‘natural capital’ of Mozambique, on which the existence of local communities depends, Eni uses the most advanced tools in applied ecology and the most innovative conservation concepts, to manage issues concerning biodiversity and ecosystem services, with regard to the development of oil and gas projects in the country. Eni’s decades of experience in the management of such issues is applied in a systematic way from the earliest stages of the project life cycle.
The country has been a “EITI compliant” since 2012, and in March 2014 Mozambique published the report on payments related to 2011. Since 2014 Eni has participated directly in the Multi Stakeholder Group (MSG). At the end of 2015 the country report was published based on data for the years 2013 to 2014 and for which Eni, as with previous editions, provided the data within its competence. In the MSG EITI in Mozambique, the following organisations are represented:
- the Ministry of Mineral Resources
- the Ministry of Finance
- the Ministry of Planning and Development
- the Ministry for Coordination of Environmental Affairs
Private sector (Oil & Gas):
- the Mozambican Association for Mining Development, represented by Vale Mozambique
- the Chamber of Mines, represented by ENRC
- the Association of Mozambican international oil operators (AMOPI), represented by Anadarko Mozambique and Eni (full members) and Sasol Petroleum Temane and/or Statoil (alternate members)
- the National Union of Journalists
- the Geological and Mining Association of Mozambique
- the Platform of the Natural Resource and Extractive Industry, represented by the Centre of Public Integrity and Kuwuva JDA, Centro Terra Viva (CTV) and Ruth Rede Uthende
- National Journalist Syndicate (SNJ)
- Geological and mining Association of Mozambique (AMDCM)