Focus on the Hinda Integrated Project
The Hinda Integrated Project, the result of a Memorandum of Understanding signed on August 31, 2011 with the Congolese Government, aims to contribute to the improvement of the living conditions and the sustainable development of the local communities located in the MBoundi, Kouakouala, Zingali and Loufika onshore area (Hinda District), where Eni Congo operates.
The project is an effort to build cooperation and partnerships with national and local authorities, the population and local and international NGOs. The project, which is scheduled to last 4 years, involves 22 villages and over 25,000 beneficiaries altogether. To achieve its goal, the PIH operates in several integrated sectors through interventions focused on health, agriculture, access to water, education, along with training, capacity building and social animation activities. Providing access to energy is a key requirement for the effectiveness of operations in the PIH project. As a result, electrification works across all sectors have been included in order to improve the efficacy and usability of the project results. Interventions are planned and monitored through a governance system that sets up coordination committees involving ministries and reference governmental technical units (technical committees). The governance system is formalized by an agreement entered into by Eni Congo and the central Government and overseen by a Comité de suivi (Steering Committee). Throughout the entire duration of the activities, continuous consultations are held with priority stakeholders, including local and national authorities, NGOs and associations and the communities involved.
In order to achieve an integrated system of monitoring and evaluation of the project’s effectiveness, was established a strategic partnership with Columbia University’s Earth Institute. Field surveys were carried out to collect data for a social baseline, which serves as a reference performance framework. In 2015, the Project recorded significant results.
In the field of primary education, the construction or restoration of schools for some 2,500 pupils from the villages concerned is in progress. In addition, the schools with the highest number of students will be equipped with a canteen.
Some of the results obtained since the inception f the project are
- restoration of 9 schools along with educational activities involving 10 schools; participation in competencies-building activities intended for local teachers;
- continuation of the sensitisation activities on school canteen management in 5 schools; food supply to canteens
(2100 meals/day delivered in 5 canteens);
- revitalization and training of parents-teachers committees;
- raising awareness of hygiene issues among pupils and teachers;
- supply of teaching material.
In addition, social awareness activities arising from special greements related to the renewal of extraction permits for various oilfields, activities to promote national culture have been initiated, particularly in the areas of Pointe-Noire, Makoua in the north of the country and the capital Brazzaville. To facilitate long-term access to water, 22 potable water wells were drilled by 31 December 2015, of which 10 were completed in 2014, along with the relevant energy supply systems installed. These community water wells reduce the heavy chore of women and children who covered long distances daily to collect water. Moreover, the increasing availability and integrity of drinking water drastically reduces gastro-intestinal diseases, thereby helping lower the general mortality rate especially among infants. Analyses to test the quality of the water supplied by the wells drilled under the project are carried out regularly, and awareness campaigns and training activities on the management of water sources have been carried out through the local NGO (Médecins d’Afrique).
In the health sector, 11 health facilities including 5 Integrated Health Centers (Centres de Santé Intégré) and 6 Health Posts (Postes de Santé) have been restored. Joint management committees were also created.
These 11 health facilities (formations sanitaires - FoSa) were equipped with a photovoltaic system and a biomedical waste management system. In two years, 2014 and 2015, 29,912 people, of which 7,068 pregnant women and 22,844 children aged 0 - 11 months (area of interest Hinda and neighboring districts), were vaccinated. Rising awareness about the fight against HIV/AIDS and other preventable diseases through adequate information and campaigns to protect maternal health made it possible to reach 148,688 people-
The electrification of health centers allows vaccines and medicines to be stored in refrigerators, surgery activity to be carried out, and minor surgery instruments to be sterilized, treatments and childbirth to be performed especially at night. Electricity is essential also for the training of medical staff and health workers.
Restoration and restructuring of health centers makes it possible to provide medical care to over 25,000 people in the area. The project also provides support to the creation of national health programs.
In 2015, thanks to the construction of infrastructure in the areas of primary intervention (schools, health centers/posts, water wells), an increase in access to health services, vaccination coverage for children and prenatal care, universal primary education and available potable water was recorded.
In the agricultural sector, the PIH constructed:
- a Centre d’Appui Technique et de Ressources Professionnelles - CAPREP [Technical Support and Professional Resources Center], to strengthen/develop the technical and professional expertise supporting and promoting agricultural activities and local centers of the agricultural extension in the area covered by the project
- a warehouse (Magasin d’Approvisionnement en Intrants et de Commercialisation des Produits Agricoles – MAICOPA) for the storage and marketing of agricultural inputs and products the storage and marketing of agricultural inputs and products.
The project also set up community awareness and training sessions in the area covered by the project, the extension of agricultural techniques (Champs Ecole Paysans - CEP) through demonstration of techniques in the 22 villages involved, including the management committee project support in CEP’s activities.
Access to energy
Access to modern forms of sustainable energy is a prerequisite for the development of all areas.
Eni is aware of the responsibilities and opportunities associated with its role as an international energy company active in over 80 countries worldwide. Contributing to the growth of local energy systems is an integral part of its development cooperation strategy and constitutes an essential element of the company’s work and business model. This model allows the beneficiaries to seize new opportunities, thus laying the basis for the country’s sustainable development.
Eni supports the Governments of the producer countries to identify and plan effective and efficient solutions for the development of local energy systems. In addition to the special attention the company pays to the peculiarities of the territories in which it operates, these solutions derive from an approach based on the culture of operational excellence.
This makes Eni a partner of the countries engaged in the fight against energy poverty, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Eni was the first international energy company to invest in Africa in the production of electricity through the exploitation of associated gas which was previously flared entirely. This offered the communities an opportunity for development, thereby reducing the negative effects on the environment.
Eni promotes an investment program for local development in Congo, aimed at facilitating access to energy for local communities. The intervention strategy is based on the identification and development of solutions suited to local needs, in particular:
Development of solutions for the supply of power from the on-grid system, which includes the construction of infrastructure for the production and distribution of electricity, by concurrently optimizing the extraction and recovery of hydrocarbons through the reduction of flaring.
The acquisition of the M’Boundi onshore field in 2007 in Congo allowed Eni to develop a large-scale energy access model. Due to an agreement with the Republic of Congo, a project for the production and distribution of electric energy has been launched called “Projet intégré” (Integrated Project), which includes:
1) Djéno Power Station (CED)
2) Congo Power Station (CEC)
3) Rehabilitation of the transport and electricity infrastructure (RIT);
4) Extension of the electric distribution network of the city of Pointe-Noire (DEPN).
In addition to the Djeno Power Station (CED) whose installed power was doubled in 2009 from 25 to 50 MW, in 2010 Eni built the Congo Power Station (CEC) with a current installed capacity of 300 MW. Both Congolese plants are powered by the gas from the M’Boundi and Marine XII field and have been included in a program that envisages also the revamping and reconstruction of the national high-voltage network between Brazzaville and Pointe-Noire (510 km) and the development of the network of the power distribution in Pointe-Noire.
The CEC and CED station currently supplies energy to the entire city, with surplus energy being sent to Brazzaville via a revamped high voltage network. The project has also allowed a widespread distribution of electricity as well as the installation of street lighting in Pointe-Noire (DEPN). Over the past three years, the demand for electric power in the country has increased from 80 to 170 MW.
The project has allowed supply to be extended to cover the needs of the whole city, more than 350,000 people, and has enabled the installation of more than 6,500 street lamps, thus considerably improving urban security.
In addition, in 2013 a new project for the development of the gas from the Kouakouala field on-shore field next to M’Boundi was finalized thanks to a system of gas-powered portable generators installed in a nearby village (Mboubissi) next to the field, grazie al quale sono alimentati 4 pozzi d’acqua, una struttura di assistenza sanitaria e l’illuminazione pubblica.
The project supplies power to potable water well pumps, a health center and public lighting. More generally, the CEC and CED power stations now provide about 60% of the domestic electricity
production; at present, the potential of the CEC only would be able to meet the country’s daily average electricity consumption. The entire Integrated Project was completed and officially handed over to the Republic of Congo in 2015. Added to this is the more wide-ranging PIH, under which Eni has provided access to electricity to 33 community facilities (11 health centers and 22 potable water wells), powered by solar panels.
Eni Congo has always been known for its strong commitment to the optimal use of resources to reduce, the amount of associated gas flared. The zero gas-flaring program, completed in 2015, reduced by approximately 1.8 million standard cubic meters/day (Sm3/j) gas flared in the area since 2013, thus achieving the goal set. The commitment to reducing emissions into the atmosphere is achieved through:
- rational operation of producing wells
- re-injection of gas into the reservoir to concurrently enhance oil recovery (Kitina and M’Boundi)
- the use of gas for the production of electrical energy for its facilities
- supply of gas to onshore industrial installations for the generation of electric power.
On November 26, 2013, the installation of gas compressor 360-3 marked the beginning of the re-injection of gas into the M’Boundi field. This increased following the start-up of compressor 365-1 on 03/03/2014 and compressor 360-1 on 05/03/2014.
Since August 2014, the Oil Center M’Boundi has re-injected approximately 1 million Sm3/day of gas. Through the gas-fired power station projects (CEC and CED), M’Boundi has flared almost no gas since 2014, thus contributing significantly and positively to the reduction of Eni Congo‘s gas flaring.
Eni support greater transparency in the extractive sector and the definition of standards of transparency in payments as a common element for all operators in the industry. To this end, in addition to pursuing its commitment to the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) the Republica of Congo became “EITI compliant” on 27 February 2013 (https://eiti.org/Congo) . Eni has supported the EITI in Congo from the beginning, in 2008. Between 2010 and 2012, the chief executive of Eni Congo was also the second Vice President of the Executive Committee, which corresponds to the Multistakeholder Group (MSG) which involves the representatives of national institutions, the extractive industry and civil society. In 2014 the Multistakeholder group (in which the Eni subsidiary is directly involved) held 10 meetings.
At the end of 2014 a report was published based on the figures for 2013 in line with the EITI Standard.
Projects to enhance local culture
In addition, social awareness activities arising from special agreements related to the renewal of extraction permits for various oilfields, activities to promote national culture have been initiated, particularly in the areas of Pointe-Noire, Brazzaville and Makoua in the north of the country.
These cultural projects are aligned with the government vision to make infrastructures viable in local communities in order to improve the quality of life through inclusive development, and consist of
- Expansion of Mémorial Pierre S. De Brazza;
- Rehabilitation of the Cultural centre in Pointe Noire;
- Rehabilitation of the « Case du Gouverneur » de Makoua.