The funds of Eni’s Historical Archive
Eni’s Historical Archive is an important source for the reconstruction of the history of both the company and the country. It brings together thousands of documents produced by the Eni Group from the beginning of the twentieth century to eighties and includes a variety of content that includes administrative and technical reports, as well as interviews with Enrico Mattei and other dignitaries, testimony about Eni Pioneers and the ASAP trade union, and the private archives of Oreste Jacobini. On this page you will find a more detailed description of the various sections that make up the Archive.

The Eni Fund

The Eni Fund consists of approximately 18,000 documents, sorted and catalogued, covering the period from the nineteen-twenties to the early nineteen-eighties. The content is closely related to the management of the business, such as the papers of the Secretariats of Enrico Mattei and subsequent Chairmen of the company, the company’s books, annual reports and materials produced by the various functions. In particular, documents produced by the Foreign, External Relation and Planning Departments and the office of the Corporate Secretary. Of special interest are the documents relating to requests for war damages. The Eni Fund also holds records of the speeches and actions of the founder Enrico Mattei, a primary source for the reconstruction of the events and activities of Eni, both in Italy and abroad, even before its incorporation, i.e. from the difficult period of transition after the end of the Second World War. In particular, these documents make it possible to conduct an in-depth study of the company’s energy policy outside of Italy, such the operations that began in Egypt in 1955 that would lead to the development of what would go down in history as the Mattei Formula, a new way of doing business internationally based on equal partnerships with the producer countries of raw materials.

The Agip Fund

The Agip Fund holds documentation produced by Agip and its subsidiaries and holdings. The catalogue includes 8,600 documents relating to the period from the company’s beginnings to the early nineteen-eighties. The principal holdings concern Agip and Agip Mining and cover both administrative and operational areas (corporate and accounts, exploration, the exploitation and production of hydrocarbons in Italy and abroad). The sources range from agreements on exploration licences to the organisation of exploratory missions, and from geological and geophysical studies to planning and technical and administrative documentation. The fund also contains other materials related to the books of the various subsidiaries, including: Agip Petroli, American International Fuel and Petroleum Corporation, Autobazar, Covengas, Idrobitume Zabban, Irom, Mining Somala, Miso, Petrolibia, Ravennate Metano, Romsa, Silvio Ballerini, Simpa, Sisi, Snom, Sois, Somis, Sot, Stoi, Volcano.

The Snam Fund

The Snam Fund is made up of all the documentation referring to the Snam and its subsidiaries and affiliates. The catalogue includes 2,300 documents produced from the nineteen-twenties until the early nineteen-eighties, as wells a papers relating to Same. The principal holdings concern Snam and Immobiliare Metanopoli, but the fund also brings together documents from different companies controlled by Snam, including: Immobiliare il quinto, Immobiliare monte d'oro, Isvet, Laboratori riuniti studi e ricerche, Metano Borgomanero, Metano Casalpusterlengo, Oleodotti internazionali, Same, Seredit. The most important sources are the company’s books, from which it is possible to reconstruct company events and its contribution to Italy’s natural gas industry, through the construction of pipelines and the marketing and distribution of natural gas. Of special interest are the series of agreements for the supply of natural gas to Italian industry, signed in 1946 by Agip on behalf of Snam and directly by Snam from 1971.

Other funds

Eni’s Historical Archive holds other documentary material of interest, amounting to a total of around 3,000 archival units. Of particular note are oral sources, i.e. transcripts of about eighty interviews with senior members of the Eni Group and important figures linked to Enrico Mattei, and made in the eighties by the Historic Archive. A dedicated fund is also being set up for the stories and testimony of Eni pioneers, which draws on the private papers of such pioneers donated to the Historical Archive. There is also documentation an Eni’s activities over the years in collaboration with companies and consortia such as AIPA, Sicea, Tescon and Gepi, along with copies of documents concerning Eni and Enrico Mattei from external institutions. Lastly, the fund concerning infrastructure construction projects and corporate real estate holdings, which include office buildings, service stations and motels, corporate houses and colonies for employees; an extraordinary collection in terms of substance and its historical, technical and social interest.

The Aggregate Archives Fund

The Aggregate Archives Fund holds the records of Asap, the oil industry trade union, , founded in 1957 by Enrico Mattei to manage labour relations with the employees of energy companies. Mattei was behind the exit of Eni from Confindustria (the Italian confederation of industry) and the establishment of a trade union inside Eni, while at the same time refusing to join Intersind, the trade union for other state-owned companies. This situation remained unchanged until 1996, when Eni decided to put an end to the conflict with Confindustria by merging Asap. The material contained in the Aggregate Archives Fund is an invaluable source for reconstructing the whole story, and includes 1,500 archival items relating mainly to trade union activities for the renewal of the national collective employment contract for Eni and the other companies of the Group.

The Personal Archives Fund

The Personal Archives Fund brings together documentation regarding Oreste Jacobini, engineer and one of the founders of Anic (Azienda Nazionale Idrogenazione Combustibili) and Agip (Azienda Generale Italiana Petroli). The fund comprises about two hundred documents covering the period from 1899 to 1956, composite material that, in addition to providing insights based on personal papers of a strictly private nature, brings together publications and reports from the period used by Jacobini in his professional activities. The documentation covers the various sectors in which the engineer operated: from the Italian State Railways to Aipa (Azienda Italiana Petroli Albania), Anic to Agip, and from Italian national oil pipeline company to his role as a Senator of the Kingdom of Italy. The first volume of the book series “Documents from the Historical Archive” is dedicated to Oreste Jacobini and was published in May 2006 under the title “The Italian oil Question. Studies of Oreste Jacobini between first and second post-war periods”.

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