The funds of Eni’s Historical Archive
In detail:

  • the number of documents held by the Eni Historical Archive covering the period from the beginning of the 20th century to the 1980s
  • the period covered by each collection
  • sources and type of documents held

Eni’s Historical Archive holds thousands of documents produced by the Eni Group from the beginning of the 20th century up to the 1980s with a variety of content that includes administrative acts and technical reports, as well as interviews with Enrico Mattei and other personalities, the testimony of pioneers and the Asap union, and the private archive of Oreste Jacobini. The page features a more detailed description of the various parts of the Archive.

The Eni Archive

Around 18,000 documents
From the 1920s to the beginning of the 1980s
  • Documents from the Foreign Department, the Department of External Relations, the Planning Department and the Company Secretary’s Office.
  • Documents requesting the payment of war damages and the speeches and declarations of the founder Enrico Mattei.
These documents enable a study of the company’s energy policy outside of Italy, including the operations begun in Egypt in 1955 that led to the creation of the Mattei Formula.

The Agip Archive

8,600 documents
From the beginning of the 20th century up to the 1980s.
  • Documents concerning the administrative and operational management of Agip and Agip Mining (books and accounts and papers concerning hydrocarbon exploration, exploitation and production activities both in Italy and abroad).
  • Agreements for exploration permits and licenses, from geological and geophysical studies to the planning and technical-administrative documentation.
  • Other material pertaining to the various subsidiaries for which books and records have been conserved: Agip Petroli, American International Fuel and Petroleum Corporation, Autobazar, Covengas, Idrobitume Zabban, Irom, Mineraria somala, Miso, Petrolibia, Ravennate Metano, Romsa, Silvio Ballerini, Simpa, Sisi, Snom, Sois, Somis, Sot, Stoi, Vulcano.

The Snam Archive

2,300 documents
From the beginning of the 20th century up to the 1980s.
  • The core documentation concerns Snam and Immobiliare Metanopoli
  • Documents of the various companies controlled by Snam, for which books and records have been conserved: Immobiliare il quinto, Immobiliare monte d’oro, Isvet, Laboratori riuniti studi e ricerche, Metano Borgomanero, Metano Casalpusterlengo, Oleodotti internazionali, Same, Seredit.

Of particular interest is the series of agreements for the supply of natural gas to Italian industry, stipulated from 1946 by Agip on behalf of Snam and, from 1971, directly by Snam.

Other resources

Other collections of documents of interest, a total of 3,000 archival units.
  • Oral sources: the transcriptions of around 80 interviews with leading figures of the Eni Group and important personalities closely associated with Enrico Mattei, made in the 1980s by Eni’s Historical Archive itself.
  • A collection of testimony by Eni pioneers is currently being prepared based on the private papers of the individuals themselves who have donated them to the Archive. 
  • Documentation on activities conducted by Eni over the years in collaboration with companies and consortia such as Aipa, Sicea, Tescon and Gepi, as well as copies of documents concerning Eni and Enrico Mattei from external institutions.
  • Resources covering projects for the construction of corporate infrastructure and buildings, such as office buildings, service stations and motels, company housing and colonies for employees.

Aggregate Resources

1,500 archival units, mainly regarding union deliberations for the renewal of the national collective contract for Eni and companies of the Group.

  • The documentation of Asap, Associazione Sindacale Aziende Petrolifere, established in 1957 by Enrico Mattei to manage industrial relations with the staff of companies operating in the energy sector.

It was Mattei that took Eni out of Confindustria and pushed for the establishment of an in-house union to represent Eni, while, at the same time, rejecting the invitation to join Intersind, the union representing other state-owned enterprises. This situation remained unchanged until 1996, when Eni decided to end its feud with Confindustria by introducing Asap.

Personal Archives

  • Around two hundred documents covering the period from 1899 to 1956.

  • Documentation concerning Oreste Jacobini, the engineer who was among the founders of Anic (Azienda Nazionale Idrogenazione Combustibili) and Agip (Azienda Generale Italiana Petroli). Composite materials that, as well as including both personal and private papers, brings together documents on publications and relationships of the period that Jacobini used in his professional life. The documentation ranges across the various sectors in which he operated from the Ferrovie dello Stato to Aipa (Azienda Italiana Petroli Albania), from Anic to Agip, and from the Società italiana oleodotti nazionali to his activities as a Senator of the Kingdom of Italy. The first volume of the editorial series “Documents form the Historical Archive” is devoted to Oreste Jacobini and was published in Myy 2006 under the title “La questione petrolifera italiana. Studi di Oreste Jacobini tra primo e secondo Dopoguerra” (The Italian oil question. Studies by Oreste Jacobini between the first and second post-war periods).

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Documents from Eni’s Historical Archive

The books and e-books produced by Eni: authentic documents of the company’s history.
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