Ukraine obtained the status of “EITI candidate” in 2013. The first EITI report, relating to 2013, was prepared in 2015 and the next is scheduled for the end of 2016. Through a subsidiary, Eni is part of the local Multi Stakeholder Group which has been identified as having a very active role in civil society. Five meetings were held in 2015. Currently the Multi Stakeholder Group is engaged in the discussion of specific aspects of disclosure (beneficial ownership).
In East Timor, an “EITI compliant” country since 2010, the local Multi Stakeholder Group has decided to apply the developments introduced by the new EITI Standard (adopted during the EITI Conference in Lima, in February 2016) already for payments relating to 2012. Eni has been a member of the Multi Stakeholder Group since 2008 and is actively engaged in its work. The local MSG includes:
- the Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources
- the Central Bank
- the Ministry of Finance
Private sector / Oil companies:
- representatives of the national company (Timor Gap)
- representatives of the international companies operating in the country: Eni, ConocoPhillips and Woodside
- East Timor Action for Development & Progress
- Feto Hadomi Familia
- the Timor Leste NGO Forum
- Farm Study Group
With regard to the disclosure foreseen by the EITI Standard, aspects of beneficial ownership and contractual disclosure are in the process of being discussed, currently launched institutionally with the publication of both aspects: the first in country reports, and the second on the institutional sites of the National Petroleum Authority. The local Multi Stakeholder Group is currently involved in a revision of the terms of reference (ToR) for the role of Independent Administrator (IA) to be attributed by competition because of changes to the reference template changes required by of the International Secretariat of the EITI. With regard to the data relating to 2013, Timor has prepared a supplementary report to overcome the validation process because of gaps in the level of data disaggregation required by the previous Standard compared with the current version.
Under the guidance of the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, Norway was the first OECD country to implement the EITI criteria. Eni Norway has been a member of the EITI Multi Stakeholder Group and took part in 2009, 2010 and 2011. It is currently indirectly involved through the Norwegian Oil & Gas Legal Committee. One local MSG meeting was held in 2015. Eni Norway has contributed to the preparation of the EITI report on 2013 data, released in late 2014. The next one is scheduled for the end of 2016.
Mozambique has been EITI compliant since 2012 and in March 2014 published a report on payments relative to 2011. At the end of 2015 a report on the years 2013 to 2014 was published, for which Eni, as with previous editions, provided the data within its competence. The local MSG includes:
- the Minister of Mineral Resources and Energy (Chairperson)
- a Representative of the Ministry of Mineral Resources and Energy (Coordinator)
- the Ministry of Finance and Economy
- the Ministry of Land, Environment and Rural Development
- Vale Moçambique (representing the Mozambique Association for the Development of Mineral Coal - AMDCM)
- Graphite Kropfmuehl (representing the Mining Chamber CM)
- Anadarko (representing the Mozambique Association of Oil Industry Operators- AMOPI)
- ENI (representing the Mozambique Association of Oil Industry Operators - AMOPI)
- the Centro de Integridade Pública (CIP) – representing the Platform of Civil Society on Natural Resources and Extractive Industries
- Kuwuka JDA - the Platform of Civil Society on Natural Resources and Extractive Industries
- the Terra Viva Centre –Platform of Civil Society on Natural Resources and Extractive Industries
- or Ruth Rede Uthende –Platform of Civil Society on Natural Resources and Extractive Industries
- the Associação Geologica Mineira de Moçambique (AMDCM)
- the Sindicato Nacional de Jornalistas (SNJ)
Since 2014 Eni has been directly involved in the Multi Stakeholder Group (MSG). The Mozambican subsidiary currently also chairs the Mozambican Association of Oil & Gas Operators (Amopi), which is a permanent member of the MSG. Six meetings were held in 2015. The Action Plan drawn up for the period 2016-2018 identified the following main activities for the implementation of EITI in the country:
- Ensure public access to information by ensuring effective participation in the debate on the management of extractive resources and strengthen the monitoring role of the local Multi Stakeholder Group
- Improve the reporting mechanism for mining companies
- Clarify and disseminate the mechanisms for the allocation of financial resources to local communities
- Improve transparency in the licensing process
- Contribute to the development of the extractive sector in compliance with EITI provisions.
In 2013, the EITI Board declared Kazakhstan “EITI compliant”. In Kazakhstan the EITI is managed by a National Stakeholders Council (NSC), which is the country’s the Multi Stakeholder Group (MSG). The NSC is an independent body established in November 2005 by decrees issued simultaneously by the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources. The NSC is composed of representatives of the Government, Parliament, civil society and the companies operating in the extractive sector (KazEnergy Association, the Association of mining and metallurgical companies and Shell). Through Agip Karachaganak BV, Eni is a member of the KazEnergy Association that, in turn, is part of the NSC. In 2015, the Kazakh subsidiary participated in 5 meetings of the KazEnergy Association.
Eni supports the EITI and collaborates in providing the quantitative data required. The last country report, published in May 2015, relates to the data for 2014 and was prepared in compliance with the EITI Standard. Since the country achieved compliance in 2013, the NSC has undertaken a review process of the Work Plan which includes the decentralisation of the EITI implementation process through regional Multi Stakeholder Groups. Another objective of the NSC was to establish a platform for dialogue to increase the representation of civil society within the NSC. In order to streamline the reporting process for the extractive sector, the local Multi Stakeholder Group has decided to create an online portal for the dissemination of EITI data.
Ghana has been “EITI compliant” since 2010. The last report was published in December 2015, based on the data for 2014. At the country level a local declination of EITI, called GHEITI, was established through the Ghana EITI Bill, which is currently being finalised and which will regulate the operation. The MSG is constituted by:
- the Ministry of Finance
- the Ministry of Petroleum
- the Petroleum Commission
- the Public Sector Reform Secretariat
- Ghana National Petroleum Corporation (GNPC)
- Kosmos Energy
- Tullow Oil
- Ghana Manganese Company
- Publish What You Pay (national section)
- the Integrated Social Development Centre (ISODEC)
- the Wassa Association of Communities
- the Office of the Administrator of Stool Lands (OASL)
Eni has been actively involved since 2016 in the local Multi Stakeholder Group, which met three times during the year.
EITI implementation in Nigeria began in 2004 with the launch of the Nigerian Extractive Transparency Initiative (NEITI), which became law in 2007, highlighting the commitment of the Federal Government to implementation. The country was declared “EITI compliant” in 2011. Eni is not a direct member of the National Stakeholders Working Group (NSWG) but is an indirect member through the Oil Producers Trade Sector (OPTS) of the Lagos Chamber of Commerce. In the National Stakeholders Working Group of NEITI, composed of representatives of the public and private sectors, the OPTS represents all of the oil-producing companies. The OPTS is currently represented by ExxonMobil.
Eni has always promoted and supported the EITI in the various evaluation cycles carried out between 1999 and 2012. The latest report, based on 2012 data, was published in March 2015. The country was part of the pilot project launched by EITI on beneficial ownership (organisational transparency) and, therefore, in the EITI report prepared in accordance with EITI Standard 2016, a section was devoted to the subject. NEITI also discussed with the Department of Petroleum Resources (which regulates the oil and gas sector in the country) the opening up to the public of national registers, which the information on organisational transparency was drawn. Five meetings of the local Multi Stakeholder Group were held in 2015.
Indonesia obtained “EITI compliant” status in October 2014 and, in 2015, published an EITI report for the years 2012 and 2013. Eni, while not taking part in the local Multi Stakeholder Group, collaborated in the preparation of the EITI reports, providing data on fees and bonuses through the company Lasmo Sanga-Sanga, the partner in the project for the Sanga Sanga production site. The local Multistakeholder Group is composed as follows:
- the Ministry of Economy
- the Ministry of Finance
- Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources
- the Indonesian Petroleum Association
- the Indonesian Mining Association
- the Indonesia Coal Mining Association
- SKK MIGAS special Task Force for Upstream Oil and Gas Business Activities
Trinidad & Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago achieved “EITI compliant” status in January 2015 from the EITI Board passing its first validation. In 2015 a country report was prepared with data from 2013. Eni was involved in 2013 (through EITI Trinidad & Tobago -TTEITI) in the drafting of the Memorandum Of Understanding (MOU) relating to the start of the EITI implementation process in the country and, more recently, the signing of a new MOU in order to adjust the implementation process for payments relating to the period 2013-2015.
The UK became an “EITI candidate” in October 2014 and in April 2016 produced its first report. Eni UK is providing full cooperation, even though it is not part of the local Multi Stakeholder Group (MSG). The Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) is the institutional body that will lead the EITI implementation process in the country and specifically the Business Minister, Jo Swinson, will be the UK EITI champion. In March 2015. the UK issued a regulation on beneficial ownership that requires companies to maintain a register with the identity of the persons who hold significant control over the company.
In May 2016 the UK anti-corruption summit was held in London during which the Chair of EITI highlighted the role of beneficial ownership (BO) disclosure and commodity trading transparency as effective and transparent tools in the management of oil resources and highlighted the importance of these aspects in the new edition of the EITI Standard (2016).
In 2017 Eni became full member of the UK Multi Stakeholder Group.
Myanmar became an “EITI candidate” in 2014. The MSG is composed as follows:
- DG, Department of General Administration, Ministry of Home Affairs
- DG, Forestry Department, Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry
- MD, MOGE, MOE
- DG, Department of Mines, Ministry of Mines
- Director, Union Auditor General Office
- O & G Sector: Petronas (OCML), Gold Petrol Total E&P Myanmar
- Mining Sector: CNMC Nickel Co. Limited, Myanmar Federation of Mining Associations
- 88 Generation
- Sein Yaun Soe
- ShweGas Movement
- Dawe Development Association
- Eco Dev
Eni Myanmar, although not part of the local Multi Stakeholder Group, is informed of the meetings that are organized. While still in early stages of the process of implementing the EITI, the country announced it would implement the EITI Standard even for the most challenging aspects such as beneficial ownership on which the country has shown a strong interest. On the issue of beneficial ownership, Eni participated in the study published by Global Witness and provided information on the ownership structure of the company through which it operates in Myanmar.
The country completed the pilot project in 2014 and, in May 2016, announced that it will implement the EITI. To date no report has yet been produced, despite an MSG having been set up for the pilot project.
The United States was been admitted as Candidate Country in 2014. In December 2015 the first country report was published based on data from 2013, for which Eni provided support. A second report will be published during 2016.