Overview

In detail:

  • Eni’s commitments to the reduction of gas flaring
  • results achieved by Eni at the ’Mboundi field in Congo
  • the results of flaring down in Nigeria

The enhancement natural gas

The reduction of flaring is one of the pillars of our climate strategy: the enhancement natural gas enables us not only to reduce the environmental impact but also to improve access to energy in developing countries in which we operate. The World Bank estimates that each year flaring activities burn 140 billion cubic metres of natural gas. Most often this “excess” natural gas is extracted along with oil and burned because the creation of the infrastructure required to enhance it (by transporting it to the places of consumption or by using it to produce electricity and heat) would involve non-productive investments. But we’re dealing with a considerable amount of gas, equal to 30% of that used by the European Union, the exploitation of which could generate 750 billion kWh of electricity, a quantity exceeding the current annual consumption of the whole of the African continent.

Supporting countries in the reduction of gas flaring

Since the early 2000s, Eni has adopted policies and targets for the reduction of flaring in all fields operated and has promoted, with the governments of host countries, the construction of energy infrastructure for enhancing the value of associated gas, to provide access to energy and reduce CO2 emissions with the adoption of cutting-edge technologies.

Strategy and results

In 2007 Eni launched a programme for the  progressive reduction of gas sent to flaring, through its enhancement for the production of electricity to the benefit of local populations, for domestic consumption and for export. When this was not possible, Eni created facilities in field for the re-injection of excess natural gas. The goal is to achieve zero flaring by 2025. The company also adheres to the Global Gas Flaring Reduction (GGFR) initiative promoted by the World Bank and in this context has committed to achieving zero process flaring by 2030 . Thanks to the commitment shown on this issue, in 2015 the World Bank awarded the M’Boundi flaring down project in the Congo. Over the next four years, thanks to new investments in addition to the more than $2 billion invested since 2007, Eni foresees a further reduction of 25% of the daily volume of gas sent to flaring compared with 2015, which will be added to the reduction by over 175%  of the volume of gas sent to flaring in the period 2007-2015. Particularly worth the investment of an additional 400 million euro for the plan period. Moreover, since 2010, Eni has no longer carried out process flaring at its new development projects.

Flaring down in Congo, the M’Boundi Project

In March 2014 the flaring down project at the onshore M’Boundi field in Congo came to an end, which enabled the enhancement of extracted associated gas, otherwise sent to flaring. The project involved the installation of two compression trains in order to send most of the gas to the CEC (Centrale Electrique du Congo) power plant and the injection of excess gas into the field. In this way 100% of the gas that was previously sent to flaring is now enhanced, in compliance with local regulations and Eni’s commitment to the elimination of the practice of process flaring. The total investment of the project was approximately $300 million.

Read also

Emissions reductions: 2015 results

The strategy to reduce emissions is in a positive trend that was confirmed by the results in 2015.

Eni’s sustainability project in Congo

Enrico Mattei was the first to believe in cooperation and integration. Also today they are key elements in Eni’s presence in Congo.

Eni’s sustainability projects in Nigeria

Thanks to the Green River Project, Eni has created a system to support agriculture in the country.
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