In Myanmar, the Eni Foundation has launched a project to support the population of the Magway region by providing access to water and assisting with agriculture.
DOMENICO NOVIELLO, CHAIRMAN, ENI FOUNDATION
The Eni Foundation is committed to improving access to water and clean water in particular. Magway is a predominantly rural area in the centre of the country that experiences little or no rain for at least four months of the year. We want to help the local population increase the amount of food it produces by:
At the same time, we will focus our efforts on protecting maternal and infant health, strengthening nutrition services and supporting the immunisation programme.
Myanmar is prone to serious natural disasters, which have a negative impact on its food security. In 2015, floods and landslides affected 1.7 million people, destroying more than 50,000 rice fields and killing over 250,000 farm animals.
A quarter of Myanmar’s population lives in poverty. The land is susceptible to periods of drought but also flooding; the management of the water supply does not meet the country's needs and only a low percentage (around 5 per cent) of water used for irrigation actually reaches the fields. More than 35 per cent of children in Myanmar show signs of developmental problems caused by chronic malnutrition, while 8 per cent of children are severely malnourished. According to UNICEF data, approximately 80,000 of the children affected by acute malnutrition are at high risk of dying and roughly 70 per cent of the country's workforce is employed in the agriculture sector, mostly on small, family-owned plots of land.