We manage Oil Spill in order to ensure the protection of the environment and actively participate in international prevention initiatives.
In recent years there has been a reduction in the volume of spills, in particular in the Exploration & Production sector.
In 2018, the number of barrels spilled in operational oil spills was 2665, a 20% decrease compared with 2017. Two major incidents were recorded: one at the Livorno refinery (spillage from a tank caused by overfilling) and the other at the Sarroch chemical plant in Sardinia (discovery of soil with hydrocarbon product and water at a road crossing), both with spills of about 500 barrels of product. The remaining volumes relate to the E&P sector, in particular to the activities in Nigeria (1,101 barrels spilled at NAOC). The year 2018 saw a reduction in the number of incidents by sabotage, while the volume spilled increased by 14%; spills were related solely to the E&P activities in Nigeria (3,277 barrels spilled at NAOC) and Egypt (420 barrels spilled at Agiba). The barrels spilled in chemical spills relate to E&P activities and Versalis. The total volume of expenditure and investment in the prevention of spills was €41 million in 2018 (down 23% compared to 2017); in the 2019 budget, investments and current expenditure are expected to amount to approximately €50 million.
The Eni strategy aimed at reducing operational oil spills and oil theft has been outlined through an increasingly joint action on all the possible intervention plans, from the administrative to the technical prevention aspects, control and quality / speed of intervention, also through participation in several international initiatives. In particular, Eni engages in the experimentation/application of techniques that allow the early detection of leaks, damage or effractive activities near oil pipelines, reducing response times and related spills. In this regard, in 2018, Eni completed the installation of the e-vpms® (Eni Vibroacustic Pipeline Monitoring System - proprietary patent) and SSPS (Safety Security Pipeline System) tools on pipelines in Italy and on part of those in Nigeria. In 2019, two pilot pipelines will be equipped with an upgrade of the e-vpms® system, called TPI (Third Party Intrusion), to detect activities close to of the pipeline (such as excavations and transiting vehicles) and allow, therefore, the intervention before the sabotage is completed. If successful, this system will then be extended to pipelines for finished products in other Countries, including Italy.
Finally, it’s worth to be mentioned the "Support for spill pipeline emergencies" for R&M pipeline network which, through a risk analysis of the territories crossed by the pipelines, it allows to identify the points of greatest attention on which to structure intervention plans to increase the response of the operators.