Respect for human rights is fundamental in managing relationships with communities with which Eni comes into contact in its operational activities in different countries around the world.
For all its industrial and business projects, Eni has predisposed a series of information-gathering analyses that are also used to define land-use development projects and to ensure that human rights issues fare considered rom the earliest stages of the feasibility studies of new projects in order to avoid both damaging behaviour and identify areas of possible action to help improve access to fundamental rights by local stakeholders.
In order to identify and manage effectively the impacts of our operations, we conduct an integrated impact assessment, called ESHIA (Environmental Social Impact Assessment), which is integrated with a human rights impact analysis.
In fact, in line with the Management System Guideline on “Sustainable and Responsible Busimess”, the social impact study must include the potential impacts on both direct and indirect human rights.
In some limited cases, a specific analysis on human rights impacts, called HRIA (Human Rights Impact Assessment), is also conducted.
In 2016, we conducted a preliminary assessment of the human rights impact related to planned exploration activities in the area of the Bloc known as RSF 5- in the Magway region.
With the support of the Danish Institute for Human Rights, areas of major concern for human rights for the populations affected by the exploration project and mitigation measures were identified. The report outlining the measures was made public in the interest of transparency and stakeholders engagement.
In order to manage negative impacts on the human rights of individuals and communities, Eni is committed to integrating the results of information-gathering analyses, in particular, impact assessments, in relevant business processes and functions.
Eni’s operations sometimes require temporary or permanent access to areas where communities live and work.
While Eni strives to avoid land acquisition, if this can not be avoided, the company is committed to minimising relocation and negative socio-economic impacts through the application of a specific procedure for the management cases of involuntary relocation, in line with the highest international standards related to this issue.
Such rules, inter alia, stipulate that:
- forced evictions will be avoided;
- wherever possible, land acquisitions will be avoided and, in cases where this is the only solution, relocation will be minimised and alternatives examined.
Despite every effort to ensure early identification and prevention, in the event of negative impacts on human rights occurring, Eni is committed to ensuring that persons affected have access to possible compensation for damages through legitimate processes.
The local grievance mechanism process, a mechanism for the management of local complaints, enables Eni’s subsidiaries and Eni Districts to receive, assess and manage complaints related to projects presented by communities and stakeholders who, at the site level, are affected by such projects.
In 2016, Eni issued updated internal regulations on the Grievance Mechanism, which defines how to collect and handle grievances and identify cases where such grievances are considered relevant and worthy of analysis at central level. To date, 21 subsidiaries have a Grievance Mechanism in place, including Eni Ghana, that has developed its process in line with IFC standards.
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