Eni takes a responsible and sustainable approach to biomass.
In recent years Eni has developed innovative technology in certain sectors of its downstream business, aiming to add production based on the use of biomass to its traditional activities.
Eni is aware that a responsible approach to biomass that goes beyond merely complying with regulations is required. Therefore, to ensure it is managed sustainably throughout the supply chain, which includes the conversion of several assets into biorefineries, the company has devised several general principles and selection criteria to implement, along with several specific rules for palm oil. In addition, whenever necessary, Eni will assess the need to draft specific policies for other biomass fuels it uses. Eni is committed to adopting criteria that meet sustainability standards. When selecting suppliers and drafting biomass supply contracts, Eni strives to ensure that the raw materials:
In addition, Eni promotes the use of raw materials that:
Regarding the use of biomass at its plants, Eni guarantees:
Eni is committed to:
To tackle the challenges brought about by the structural crisis in the refining and chemical industries and to comply with European regulations on the proportion of energy obtained from renewable sources, including minimum renewable energy content in the transport sector (10% of energy from renewable sources by 2020 in all forms of transport and a 6% reduction in total emissions compared to the 2010 baseline) Eni became the first company in the world to convert a traditional refinery into a biorefinery, based on a patent filed by Eni. This strategy, based on Ecofining technology, immediately produced the quota of biofuel needed to comply with the legislation. Eni’s proprietary technology produces a biodiesel (Greendiesel) with a higher calorific value than the biodiesel commonly available on the market. Eni currently uses palm oil to produce Greendiesel, because it is widely available and because supplies of non-first-generation biofuels are scarce. The flexibility of the Ecofining technology allows it to handle various types of biomass, and Eni is planning to increase the use of alternatives to palm oil (for example used vegetable oils, animal fats and waste products from vegetable oil production) and to intensify research into advanced fuels (such as oil produced from algae or waste, lignocellulosic material etc.), partly in preparation for the conversion of a second industrial site into green technology. Eni fulfils the requirements of the voluntary schemes set up to ensure compliance with the sustainability criteria set out in the European Union Renewable Energy and Fuel Quality directives.
All suppliers must comply with national and local laws and regulations and with the requirements set out by Eni. In terms of human rights, in addition to the minimum international standards set out in the UN Guiding Principles for Business and Human Rights and considering the specific risks in the sector, Eni also adopts the additional criteria demanded for ISCC-EU certification 1. Eni is committed to working with its suppliers to improve the sustainability of the palm oil supply chain, through constant dialogue that aims to continually improve the sustainability criteria.