Promoting the development of renewable energies is one more way we're contributing to the energy transition towards a low-carbon future.
We use our experience in the field of renewables to promote new projects that produce energy with low CO2 emissions.
At Eni, we've been working with renewables for more than 35 years. We use all our know-how to create new technologies that are increasingly more efficient. The projects to produce energy from renewable sources are becoming an ever more important part of our portfolio. We leverage industrial, commercial and contractual synergies. The Energy Solutions directorate set up in 2015 is dedicated specifically to researching efficient technological solutions for generating energy from renewable sources. In the last few years, we've identified and launched projects aimed at both improving our energy efficiency and contributing to energy access at our plants in Italy and in countries where we operate.
Eni has been working with renewable energies since 2017, when it opened work sites in Italy and Africa. Through Progetto Italia, we've achieved significant results in Italy, making use of the industrial areas we own. This project has enabled us to generate renewable energy that can be used at our own sites. We've stepped it up a gear, speeding up the process of decarbonization in Italy and abroad. Through Eni Tunisia BV, we've built a photovoltaic plant in Adam, which is part of the Tataouine Governorate. The facility has a peak capacity of 5 MW and the energy it produces will be able to power the new plant, which is expected to be complete by the end of 2019. This innovation will prevent over 6,500 tonnes of CO2 from being emitted into the atmosphere every year. We carried out a similar project through Eni New Energy Pakistan at the Bhit plant. Given this plant's peak capacity of 10 MW, we will soon be able to reduce gas consumption, preventing over 140,000 tonnes of CO2 from being emitted into the atmosphere over the next 10 years. These are important strides to add to those already made in Algeria. There, at the solar energy plant in Bir Rebaa North, we're making a powerful contribution towards decarbonizing the Algerian energy system. In addition to these projects, we have Eni's first wind farm in Kazakhstan with a capacity of 50 MW. Eni also acquired a project to build a 33.7 MW photovoltaic power station at the plant in Katherine, in northern Australia. These projects demonstrate that Eni is on the cutting edge of hybridising renewable and traditional systems at the industrial sites where it operates.
In the past, renewable energies ran into difficulty due to their high cost and the inherently intermittent sources used to produce them, which, being completely natural, are changeable and unpredictable. Although there is still no definitive solution, we're researching and working to promote and encourage integration of renewables within energy systems. To this end, we're currently in the research phase for energy storage and systems like smart grids – intelligent networks that can manage peaks and efficiently distribute energy after production – as well as interconnected systems and improved weather forecasting systems.
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