We are contributing to the energy transition to a low-carbon future by promoting the development of renewable energies.
We use our experience in the field of renewables to promote new projects for producing energy with low CO2 emissions.
At Eni, we've been working with renewables for more than 35 years. We use all our know-how to create new technologies that are more and more efficient. Projects for producing energy from renewable sources are becoming an ever more important part of our portfolio. We leverage industrial, commercial and contractual synergies. The Energy Solutions division, set up in 2015, is dedicated specifically to researching efficient technological solutions for generating energy from renewable sources. In the last few years, we have identified and launched projects aimed at both improving our energy efficiency and contributing to energy access at our plants in Italy and in countries where we operate. Our strategy involves 60 brownfield and greenfield projects, for a total of over 1.6 GW of renewable capacity by 2022 and up to 5 GW by 2025. These activities, combined with an investment of €1.4 billion in the 2019-2022 period, will lead to organic growth of our renewables business.
In 2018, we completed and opened three photovoltaic plants (one in Assemini in Sardinia and units in Gela and at the Green Data Center) as part of Progetto Italia, Eni's programme of initiatives to make sustainable use of its own disused industrial sites, especially in the south of Italy. As for green businesses, completion of the second phase of the biorefinery in Venice should begin in 2021. It will have an increased capacity of 560,000 tonnes per year (compared to the current 360,000 tonnes per year). The Gela biorefinery was launched in early 2019, with a capacity of 720,000 tonnes per year. Consolidation of the Green Chemistry business continues, including in 2018 the acquisition of the organic operations of the Mossi & Ghisolfi Group and the development of recycling and recovery projects.
We have stepped it up a gear, speeding up the process of decarbonization in Italy and other countries. In Algeria, we created a 10 MW solar plant at the Bir Rebaa oil field, run jointly by Eni and Sonatrach. This will make Upstream activity self-sufficient in terms of energy. Work has begun on the site for the 50 MW wind farm in Badamsha, Kazakhstan, to provide renewable energy for the country.
Through Eni Tunisia BV, we have built a photovoltaic plant in Adam, Tataouine Governorate. The facility has a peak capacity of 5 MW and the energy it produces will be able to power the new plant, which is expected to be complete by the end of 2019. This innovation will prevent over 6,500 tonnes of CO2 from being emitted into the atmosphere every year. A similar project involved Eni New Energy Pakistan. Through the Bhit plant, with its peak capacity of 10 MW, we will soon be able to reduce gas consumption, preventing 140,000 tonnes of CO2 from being emitted into the atmosphere in the next 10 years. To these we can add the acquisition in Australia of a project to build a 33.7 MW photovoltaic plant at a site in Katherine, in the north of the country. These projects all demonstrate that Eni is on the cutting edge of hybridising renewable and traditional systems at the industrial sites where it operates. All these activities are part of our commitment to reducing our carbon footprint, with the aim of eliminating net direct emissions from our the Upstream business by 2030. As part of our medium-to-long-term decarbonization strategy, we have provided for the possibility of using carbon credits generated by forest protection and conservation projects to offset part of our emissions. As well as benefitting the environment and climate, these projects will also have a positive impact on local communities, in line with the National Development Plans and the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
In the past, renewable energies ran into difficulty due to their high cost and the inherently intermittent sources used to produce them, which, being completely natural, are changeable and unpredictable. Although there is still no definitive solution, we are researching and working to promote and encourage integration of renewables within energy systems. Research is a fundamental part of developing the strategy we have implemented in recent years in order to increase the value of all our businesses. This is why it has assumed a strategic role in Eni's 2019-2022 Plan, along with development and application of new technologies. To this end, we're currently in the research phase for energy storage and systems like smart grids, which are intelligent networks that can manage peaks and efficiently distribute energy after production.
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