Eni’s green fuel is changing the way we get around.
Eni’s green fuel is changing the way we get around.
Eni Diesel + is the Eni fuel that contains a 15% renewable component and is produced in its Porto Marghera plant – the first conventional refinery in the world to be converted into a biorefinery. Here, organic raw materials such as used vegetable oils and animal fats are transformed into high-quality biofuels. Eni Diesel + was launched in 2016 and is available in approximately 3,500 Eni service stations worldwide. The fuel is Eni’s immediate solution for reducing the environmental footprint of public transport systems that continue to use outdated technology, pending fleet renewal. The city of Turin has already tested Eni Diesel + on its public transport system, demonstrating tangible economic and environmental benefits. Venice, meanwhile, continues to use it for its fleet of vaporettos and other public transport around the lagoon. Veritas – the firm that collects and processes waste in the 51 municipal districts of Venice – is also using Eni Diesel +. In Modena, the multiutility Hera will shortly begin to deploy Eni Diesel +, while Vatican City State is already using it in its public transport system. With a view to the circular economy, Italy’s major cities and Vatican City State have reached agreements and understandings with a variety of agencies to ensure that waste is transformed into energy through the collection of used cooking and frying oil and domestic waste. This helps to develop a virtuous cycle, by reusing a waste product to produce a low environmental-impact fuel.
Highlights of the tests conducted at Eni’s laboratories and the Istituto Motori of the Italian National Research Council (CNR): money savings and environmental sustainability.
The used vegetable oil collected by the Italian multi-utility company Hera will be turned into biofuel to power the firm's waste-collection vehicles. Eni and Hera – both of which are committed to promoting a circular economy-model through continuing technological development and business restructuring – signed an agreement to turn used vegetable oil into biofuel. In the pilot phase, Enidiesel+ will power around 30 large vehicles in the Modena area, thereby optimising the environmental benefit. The partnership will allow the oil collected by Hera (800 tonnes in 2017) to be converted to Eni green diesel in Eni’s biorefinery in Venice. This will lead to significant environmental benefits, with a reduction in polluting emissions of up to 40 per cent.
Venice is conducting an experiment in circular economy: instead of being thrown away, the oil used by the public to fry food is being converted into biofuel for the city’s waterborne transport system. From 1 April, the iconic vaporetti in the city’s AVM/Actv fleet, normally powered by traditional diesel, will be using Eni Diesel +. As an incentive for the production of high quality biofuel at the bio-refinery in Venice, as of June 2018 Eni has inaugurated the first collection of used cooking oil from the houses of its own employees. The project has been extended to the petrochemical plant in Porto Marghera and will gradually be extended to other sites owned by the Italian company, aims to make the production and use of energy efficient and sustainable, converting a pollutant like used cooking oil into a resource.
The city’s waterborne transport fleet will be powered partly by used cooking oil, including the oil used for frying chips. During this experimental period, the fuel will be tried out for the very first time in marine engines, as a vaporetto engine powered by the new diesel is tested to monitor emissions and fuel consumption.
Between July and October 2017, 650 buses in the Gruppo Torinese Trasporti (GTT) public transport fleet, normally powered by conventional diesel, used the Eni Diesel + fuel. The experiment demonstrated to the City of Turin the economic and environmental benefits of using the new biofuel. Tests carried out on a Euro III vehicle belonging to Turin’s public transport company at Eni’s San Donato Milanese research centre, in conjunction with the Naples-based National Research Centre’s Engine Institute, showed a 2 per cent reduction in fuel consumption, a 40 per cent reduction in fine dusts, a 16 per cent reduction in particulates, a 10 per cent reduction in nitrogen oxides and a 7 per cent reduction in carbon dioxide.
In November 2017, Eni and Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) signed an agreement to research technology with the aim of reducing road-transport emissions. Eni and FCA are conducting new experiments into green diesel (hydrotreated vegetable oil or HVO) which, if used as a fuel in pure form, helps to lower CO2 emissions. They also seek to encourage sustainable mobility, a positive step both for the environment and people's health. The mutually beneficial partnership offers a range of different solutions:
From kitchen to city street – without causing pollution. All of these experiments have been made possible by an agreement between Eni and the National Consortium for the Collection and Processing of Used Vegetable and Animal Oils and Fats (CONOE) to create a virtuous circular economy. Oil used for cooking purposes is collected and delivered to the bio-refining plant in Venice to be transformed into a high-quality fuel.
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