Eni's biofuel is moving cities.
Eni's biofuel is moving cities.
We are laying the foundations for promoting the circular economy in the world of public transport and multi-utility services, with a two level strategy: one strategy focuses on promoting the use of our biofuels in public transport, while the other fosters the creation of networks for the collection of cooking oils, refining them into a tank-ready product. In recent years, more and more Italian cities are choosing Eni Diesel + to fuel local transport buses and waste collection vehicles, and more and more multi-utility companies are committed to creating a widespread system for the collection of used vegetable and frying oils. In the long term, we are also working on industrial agreements to extract biomethane, bio-oil and hydrogen from the different fractions of municipal solid waste.
Eni Diesel + is the Eni fuel with a 15%vegetable component, of which about 20% is composed of used oils and animal fats and other waste oils, produced in the Eni bio-refinery in Porto Marghera, Venice and soon also in Gela. Here Eni has converted a conventional refinery into a bio-refinery, a world first: raw materials of biological origin, including used vegetable oils and animal fats, are transformed into high-quality biofuels. Eni Diesel + was launched in 2016 and is available at approximately 3,500 Eni service stations: an immediate solution for reducing the ecological footprint of old technology public transport, while waiting for the fleet to be updated. Venice and Turin have already experimented with Eni Diesel + on public transport, and the Governorate of the Vatican City State has also used it for its vehicles. Soon Eni Diesel + will be used to power local transport buses and waste collection trucks in Taranto.
The highlights of the tests carried out in Eni laboratories and the CNR Engine Institute: economic savings and environmental sustainability figures.
Used vegetable oil collected by multi-utility companies will be turned into biofuel for waste collection vehicles. After a pilot trial in Turin, Venice and Rome, we signed new agreements with the companies Hera in Emilia Romagna and Amiu in Taranto and with the Governorate of the Vatican City State. The agreement provides that used vegetable oils for domestic use, such as frying, will be recovered through special containers located in the streets and delivered to collection centers. From there they will be sent to the Eni bio-refinery at Porto Marghera in Venice, and soon also to Gela where it will be converted into green diesel, a product comprising about 20% of renewable raw material (used oils and frying, animal fats and other waste vegetable oils). The biofuel will fuel the company's vehicles for the collection of urban waste in the areas of Modena and Taranto.
Waste from urban collection will become energy. This is happening in Venice, where Eni, Syndial and Veritas have signed an agreement for the establishment of a joint technical panel to study the feasibility of industrial projects in Porto Marghera that are powered by waste and separate collection to produce biomethane, bio oil and hydrogen. The agreement also provides that multi-utility company vehicles will be powered using Eni Diesel+ fuel, which is produced by Eni’s bio-refinery in Venice using an increasing share of exhausted vegetable oils; this city on the lagoon has powered all its boats in this manner since 2018.
A praiseworthy circular economy paradigm is created in Venice: the oil used by citizens to fry food is then delivered by them to the separate collection service, to then be transformed into the biofuel that powers the public water transportation services. Indeed, all the steamers that make up Venice’s AVM/Actv fleet, that had previously been powered by traditional diesel, have been using Eni Diesel + since 1 April 2018. As an incentive for the production of high quality biofuel at the bio-refinery in Venice, as of June 2018 Eni has inaugurated the first collection of used cooking oil from the houses of its own employees. The project, which also included the petrochemical plant in Porto Marghera and will gradually be extended to other sites owned by the Italian company, aims to make the production and use of energy efficient and sustainable, converting a pollutant like used cooking oil into a resource.
Cooking oil, including frying oil, is partially responsible for the mobility of the boats travelling across the lagoon During the trial period, tests were conducted on marine engines for the first time: a steamboat engine powered by the new diesel fuel was tested to monitor emissions and fuel consumption.
650 buses of the Gruppo Torinese Trasporti (GTT) city fleet that normally run on traditional diesel fuel, used the new Eni Diesel + fuel from July to October 2017. The test conducted in the City of Turin has proven the economic and environmental advantages of using biofuel. Tests conducted on a Euro 3 bus by the Turin public transport company at the Eni Research Centre in San Donato Milanese, in collaboration with the CNR Engine Institute in Naples, have shown that consumption has been reduced by 2%, fine dust by 40%, particulate matter by 16%, nitrogen oxides by 10% and carbon dioxide by 7%
From the kitchen to the street, without polluting. All these tests are possible thanks to an agreement signed between Eni and the National Consortium for the collection and treatment of exhausted vegetable and animal oils and fats (Conoe), which creates a virtuous circular economy circle. The used oil used on stove-tops is in fact collected and delivered to the Venice bio-refinery facility to be transformed into high quality biofuel.