At its refineries, Eni produces quality fuel and lubricants which are sold in Italy and around the world.
Oil is extracted as crude. In order to be used, it must be processed and distilled in refineries.
Refining and marketing includes the supply, processing, distribution and marketing of fuel and chemical products. In terms of the path taken by fuel and natural gas, Downstream is the sector relating to oil refining and processing, the deposit and storage of natural gas and liquefied natural gas (GNL), the transportation of oil products and the wholesale and retail of oil and gas products. Midstream, on the other hand, relates to the transportation of oil from the extraction site to place where it will be refined and stored. Transportation is via pipelines or oil tankers to the site where the crude will be refined. Digital tools have an increasingly important role to play in our manufacturing processes, helping to optimise our operations and achieve ever greater efficiency.
We carry out refining work in Italy and Germany. In addition, in Italy we have converted our Venice refinery into a biorefinery (the first time this type of transformation has ever been carried out) and launched a project to do the same at our refinery in Gela. Eni’s refining work in Italy comprises three refineries owned by Eni (Sannazzaro, Livorno and Taranto) and 50 per cent of the Milazzo refinery. In Germany we hold an 8.3 per cent share in the Schwedt refinery and a 20 per cent share in Bayernoil (an integrated refining centre that includes the refineries of Vohburg and Neustadt).
Eni produces high-quality fuels and lubricants at its refineries that are then distributed through 4,310 service stations in Italy alone. In 2017, biofuel production reached a record high of 206,000 tonnes, a 14 per cent increase on the previous year. Retail sales in Italy (6.01 million tonnes) have increased compared to 2016 (up by approximately 8,000 tonnes or 1.3 per cent). Retail sales in the rest of Europe (2.53 million tonnes) have fallen by 4.9 per cent compared to 2016, which can be largely put down to our withdrawal from the Hungarian and Slovenian markets in the second half of 2016.
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