Our commitment in the energy transition to creating a new paradigm is based partly on using gas.
In line with the decisions made by the COP starting from Paris 2015, companies working in the energy sector should both satisfy growing energy demands, providing adequate access to energy for all, while also limiting atmospheric emissions and contributing to the gradual process of decarbonizing the planet. The world's population will grow from its current 7.5 billion to 9 billion in 2040 and energy demand will rise by around 30%. We also foresee a geographical shift in consumption. Additional consumption will come from countries outside the OECD, which will be home to around 85% of the world's population in 2040. Against this backdrop, natural gas represents an opportunity for strategic repositioning for companies like Eni, given its lower carbon intensity and the possibility of integrating it with renewable sources when producing electricity.
We want to combine financial strength with social and environmental sustainability. This is why we are focusing on natural gas, a mix of gaseous hydrocarbons dominated by methane that has the lowest carbon footprint of any fossil fuel.
Zohr is the largest offshore natural gas field in the Mediterranean. It is located in Egyptian territorial waters and was discovered in 2015. The field has potential gas resources of 850 billion m3 and 5.5 billion boe. Production began in December 2017 and will satisfy part of the demand for natural gas in Egypt for the next few decades. It is part of Eni's seven "record-breaking" projects, which are all being developed and put into production very quickly. In September 2018, a year before expected in the development plan, the Zohr project reached its production plateau target of 365,000 boe/d (of which Eni's quota was 110,000 boe/d). Drilling activity was completed and four onshore processing units were launched in addition to the one at the end of 2017, which brought installed capacity to over 57 million m3/d. The production plateau was revised upward to around 91 million m3/d and is expected to be reached in 2019. Another three offshore processing units are to be completed and launched, along with three producing wells, which will bring the total up to 13.
The Offshore Cape Three Points (OCTP) project makes an important contribution to energy access in Ghana. In May 2017 we launched production at the block off the Ghanaian coast with the Integrated Oil & Gas Development Project, in just two and a half years. This was three months before expected in the development plan and was a time-to-market record. In 2018, unassociated gas production was launched as part of the OCTP project, of which Eni's quota was 44.44%. The gas produced was sent to an onshore processing plant to be added to the national grid. The OCTP is the only deep-water unassociated gas development project in Sub-Saharan Africa that is entirely dedicated to the domestic market. It will provide Ghana with 15 years of reliable gas supply at a competitive price, making a substantial contribution to energy access and economic development in the country. The project was developed in line with the strictest environmental requirements, using zero gas flaring and reinjecting produced water. Our company's commitment to promoting projects that improve living conditions for the country's people continues, with initiatives in the areas of training, economic diversification, access to water, and healthcare. In 2018, projects were launched in Ghana in the fields of primary education, waste management and access to water. Specifically, a well was built with a water treatment, purification and distribution system for around 5,000 people in the villages of Bakanta, Krisan and Sanzule.
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