In recent years Eni has developed innovative technology in certain sectors of its downstream business, aiming to add production based on the use of biomass to its traditional activities.
Eni is aware that a responsible approach to biomass that goes beyond merely complying with regulations is required. Therefore, to ensure it is managed sustainably throughout the supply chain, which includes the conversion of several assets into biorefineries, the company has devised several general principles and selection criteria to implement, along with several specific rules for palm oil. In addition, whenever necessary, Eni will assess the need to draft specific policies for other biomass fuels it uses.
Eni is committed to adopting criteria that meet sustainability standards. When selecting suppliers and drafting biomass supply contracts, Eni strives to ensure that the raw materials:
In addition, Eni promotes the use of raw materials that:
Regarding the use of biomass at its plants, Eni guarantees:
Eni is committed to:
Eni’s policy on palm oil
To tackle the challenges brought about by the structural crisis in the refining and chemical industries and to comply with European regulations on the proportion of energy obtained from renewable sources, including minimum renewable energy content in the transport sector (10% of energy from renewable sources by 2020 in all forms of transport and a 6% reduction in total emissions compared to the 2010 baseline) Eni became the first company in the world to convert a traditional refinery into a biorefinery, based on a patent filed by Eni. This strategy, based on Ecofining technology, immediately produced the quota of biofuel needed to comply with the legislation.
Eni’s proprietary technology produces a biodiesel (Greendiesel) with a higher calorific value than the biodiesel commonly available on the market. Eni currently uses palm oil to produce Greendiesel, because it is widely available and because supplies of non-first-generation biofuels are scarce. The flexibility of the Ecofining technology allows it to handle various types of biomass, and Eni is planning to increase the use of alternatives to palm oil (for example used vegetable oils, animal fats and waste products from vegetable oil production) and to intensify research into advanced fuels (such as oil produced from algae or waste, lignocellulosic material etc.), partly in preparation for the conversion of a second industrial site into green technology.
Eni fulfils the requirements of the voluntary schemes set up to ensure compliance with the sustainability criteria set out in the European Union Renewable Energy and Fuel Quality directives.
Eni is committed to acquiring exclusively sustainably-produced palm oil, created with respect for the environment, social conditions and safety. Eni gives priority to suppliers that are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO), the New York Declaration on Forests or the Tropical Forest Trust (TFT). Through its financial arm, Eni Trading & Shipping, the company deals in the first instance with direct producers of palm oil, and in all cases ensures the supply chain is subject to the utmost levels of supervision.
Suppliers must guarantee the traceability of the feedstock supplied, applying the mass balance supply chain model and providing transparent, accurate and detailed reporting.
All suppliers must comply with national and local laws and regulations and with the requirements set out by Eni. In terms of human rights, in addition to the minimum international standards set out in the UN Guiding Principles for Business and Human Rights and considering the specific risks in the sector, Eni also adopts the additional criteria demanded for ISCC-EU certification 1.
Eni is committed to working with its suppliers to improve the sustainability of the palm oil supply chain, through constant dialogue that aims to continually improve the sustainability criteria.
Procurement of palm oil is conducted directly by our subsidiary Eni Trading &
Shipping, the arm of Eni responsible for procurement operations.
100% of the palm oil Eni buys on the market is certified by International Sustainability & Carbon Certification – ISCC-EU (a scheme recognised by the European Union) or other schemes recognised by the European Union, ensuring that:
Eni is committed to:
Eni is committed to obtaining certification for its palm oil processing facilities (for example through the voluntary 2BSvs scheme or ISO 14001) and to maintaining these certifications over time. Wherever possible, Eni also carries out research into the lifecycle of its products in order to monitor and reduce their associated environmental impact.
Furthermore, Eni is committed to investigating playing a role in international multi-stakeholder initiatives and to continuing its dialogue with stakeholders and experts in the field to improve its knowledge and ensure that the highest standards are implemented within the company
Eni is committed to communicating trends in the procurement of palm oil and progress made in improving the sustainability of the palm oil supply chain once a year and in a transparent manner.
1 These criteria, in line with international standards, relate both to the protection of workers, and particularly the working conditions and protection for vulnerable groups (e.g. women and migrants), and to the rights of local communities, especially in terms of the consultation procedure and the processes followed for purchasing the land on which the biomass is produced.