Eni Pakistan has invested in various projects to develop local communities in areas where it has licences for exploration, development or production.
Eni has had a presence in Pakistan from 2000 through its acquisition of British Borneo and subsequently Lasmo. With activities in the upstream sector, today it is one of the most important international oil companies operating in the country. Before embarking on any activity, Eni Pakistan and its sub-contractors contact stakeholders in the area to provide information about the project and identify potential impact on local communities. They consider opportunities for social development projects and look into services that can be provided by local suppliers.
Eni Pakistan is found in the districts of Jamshoro and Dadu (development/production licenses for Bhit and Badhra), in the district of Khairpur Mirs (development/production licenses for Tajjal/Kadanwari) and in coastal areas for exploration activities. All concession being in remote area have a clear lack of sanitation infrastructure, schools and adequate water supply. In the Nara Desert, in Khairpur Mirs district, the population occupies a hostile environment, due to the dunes are made of shifting sand and move rapidly – changing direction depending on where the wind is coming from – making it hard for people and animals to find their bearings. Another part of the desert has only sparse vegetation, due to lack of rain. There are only traces of irrigation and agriculture and people must travel 2-5km a day to fetch water. This is carried on foot or with animals and small carts. In order to reach the precious, mainly brackish underground water, wells are dug that are 30-150m deep and covered in mud or brick, cement and concrete. Since the water from these wells is salty, it is mainly used for animals and other domestic uses.
In 2013-16, Eni Pakistan built 11 pumping systems powered by solar energy, 11 hand-pumps and two reverse-osmosis plants in the Kadanwari area, meeting the needs of 500-600 people. In addition, drinking water is provided by means of cisterns to between 2,000 and 2,500 people in the wider area. In Bhit and Badhra, Kadanwari and in the coastal areas, Eni Pakistan has set up water infrastructure such as hand-pumps, wells, cisterns for harvesting on rainwater and water-storage ponds/tanks supplying 2,000 people.
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