Focus on

Our Africa

A continent in the history, the present and the future of Eni.

The six-legged dog first left its pawprints in the Egyptian desert in 1954. Today, Africa makes up more than half of Eni’s total crude oil and natural gas production, confirming Eni as the leading international producer in the continent. In recent years we have made several major discoveries in Egypt, the Republic of Congo, Mozambique, Angola and Ghana, and we continue to work on many large development projects.

Energy and diversification are the key elements for Africa’s long-term development. Lack of access to energy in Africa entrenches poverty and encourages migration, depriving countries of some of their best people. The private sector can make a huge contribution to the use of resources for local development through investment, skills and technology.


Eni and UNDP

The start of an exciting new partnership, Eni has signed an agreement with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) to promote renewables energies, energy efficiency and clean cooking initiatives. Together we will work to improve access to sustainable energy in Africa and so help achieve the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This development was followed a few days later by a meeting between the President of Ghana and Eni’s Chief Executive: an opportunity to discuss the frontline role the country has to play in the partnership Eni has established with the UNDP.

We want to develop Africa’s resources for the benefit of the continent and have invested in domestic capital to promote local development from the very start. The key to this is access to energy, which leads to development and stability, allowing Africa to fully harness its growth potential.

This timeline covers the main events in which the history of Africa has coincided with that of our company. The events and the discoveries that have marked a friendship that began in the 1950s…


    Eni begins exploration activities abroad, starting with Somalia.


    Meeting between Mattei and Nasser regarding the involvement of Agip Mineraria in oil exploration in Egypt.


    Somip, Società Marocchino-Italiana dei Petroli, is established to the exploration and production of hydrocarbons in Morocco.


    First delivery of crude oil from the El Borma field in Tunisia arrives in Genoa.


    A contract of association was signed between ERAP (Entreprise de recherches et d’activités pétrolières) and Agip for oil exploration in Congo.


    Discovery of large field offshore Bouri, Libya.


    The Transmed gas pipeline becomes operational 2,200 kilometers long, it transports natural gas from Algeria to Italy, crossing Tunisia and the Strait of Sicily.


    Two agreements are signed in Egypt for the development of a gas field in the El Qaria area and for exploration in the Ras Qattara area.


    Three new oil exploration agreements are signed with the Egyptian government for areas of the Nile Delta and along the border with Libya.


    The Greenstream undersea gas pipeline, which connects Mellitah, in Libya, with Gela, in Sicily, begins operation.


    Eni and Sonangol announce the success of deep-water exploration activities in offshore Angol.


    A MoU is signed with PetroSA, the Republic of South Africa’s state-owned oil company. Significant offshore discovery made at the Gye Nyame 1 well in Ghana.


    A new “giant” discovery of natural gas is made in the east of Area 4, in offshore Mozambique.


    An important new discovery is made at the Agulha exploration prospect in area 4, in offshore Mozambique.


    July: a potential 500 million boe in gas and condensates discovered in the Nyonie Deep 1 well in the waters off the coast of Gabon. October: a significant oil discovery is made at the Minsala Marine exploration prospect in offshore Congo.


    Eni discovers Zohr, a supergiant gas field in the Egyptian offshore, the largest ever found in the Mediterranean Sea.


    Eni announces the approval of the Plan of Development for the Coral discovery, in Area 4 offshore Mozambique. The approval relates to the first phase of development of 5 trillion cubic feet of gas in the discovery.


    A new record for ENI: in just two-and-a-half years, three months ahead of schedule as defined in our development plan, the Integrated Oil & Gas Development Project, in the OCTP block off the coast of Ghana, has entered production.


    We signed an agreement with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). One of its most important objectives was to work together to improve access to sustainable energy in Africa.

Local content


The “dual flag” relationship model

Eni’s presence in less industrialised countries offers great opportunities for development through the participation of individuals and local businesses in industrial activities, the transfer of skills and knowledge, and the strengthening of the capacities of communities. This approach has its roots in what is known as the “Mattei formula”: making producer countries autonomous from the energy supply point of view, and choosing a path of dialogue and respect for cultures.

Discover more


  • 1,036kboe/day

    of hydrocarbon production in 2017

    1,036 kboe/day

    Eni’s total production is 1.759 boe/day

  • 447k

    bbl/day of oil and condensates in 2017

    447 k

    part of Eni’s proven hydrocarbon reserves for 2017

  • 86.6 m

    m3/day of natural gas in 2017

    86.6  m

    part of Eni’s proven hydrocarbon reserves for 2017

  • 3,380 people

    work in Africa

    3,380  people

    10.3% of our total workforce

Energy in art... and data


Energy in art... and data

We’re the Lead Partner for “African Metropolis”, an exhibition of contemporary African art taking place in Rome until 4 November, 2018. Between 20 September and 22 October we will be mounting a display entitled Dat@frica at the MAXXI Corner – a journey through Africa that not only describes the continent but transports us there by means of data and key numbers, looking at current paradoxes and phenomena and exploring future scenarios.


Our commitment to the continent