Progetto Italia was the first initiative undertaken by Eni in 2016 and represents the very beginning of the sector's efforts to develop renewables in Italy. The project aims to reclaim several industrial areas in Italy which cannot otherwise be used for other purposes, many of which have been regenerated by our environmental society Eni Rewind, and to create new synergies in the renewable energy sector.
In 2019, Eni's commitment in Italy was further strengthened thanks to its partnership with Cassa Depositi e Prestiti, with which the company GreenIT is being set up, for the development of joint initiatives aimed at the construction of photovoltaic systems, minimising the consumption of land for other uses, including on areas of state property, particularly in the central-southern regions and the islands.
Since the start of the Italian initiative, installed capacity has grown constantly: from about 25 MW in 2018 to about 84 MW currently installed, an almost three-fold increase over the period.
The 1 MW plant at the Green Data Center in Ferrera Erbognone (near Pavia) was the first opened as part of Progetto Italia. The energy produced there by the 2,968 photovoltaic modules on 106 string cables is entirely consumed on site by our supercomputers HPC5 and HPC4.
A significant step in our growth has been the opening of two photovoltaic plants in Sardinia: a first 23 MW plant in Assemini (outside Cagliari), completed in 2018, and a second 31 MW plant in Porto Torres (near Sassari), completed at the end of 2019 and opened at the beginning of 2020, the biggest plant built by Eni in Italy to date.
At Assemini production is expected to be around 35 GWh a year, and the energy generated by the solar panels installed will power about 70% of the total consumption for processing the salt produced by the company Ing. Conti Vecchi.
The latest plant to have become operative is the one at Porto Torres, whose yearly energy production is expected to reach almost 50 GWh, of which about 70% will be used by companies operating at the industrial site, resulting in a saving of around 26,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide per year.
Lastly, the 18 MW photovoltaic park at the R&M plant in Volpiano (near Turin) has recently been completed and processes to build two photovoltaic plants in the productive area of Porto Marghera have been set in motion.
Through our subsidiary Eni New Energy, in june 2020 we acquired in the Puglia region three wind projects for a total of 35 MW. It is the first wind project of Eni to take place in Italy. The three wind farms, that will be built in Comune di Laterza have a peak capacity of 35.2 MW and are expected to produce approximately 81 GWh annually, avoiding around 33,400 tonnes of CO2 emissions per year. The three plants will consist of sixteen aerogenerators producing 2.2 MW each, and will be connected to the National Transmission Grid. The construction work is scheduled for the third trimester of 2021.
With this new acquisition, we further progress in its decarbonisation process that aims to reduce 80% on greenhouse gases net emissions by 2050 over the entire cycle of its energy products.
This is only the beginning of a very ambitious journey that will increase Eni's installed capacity in Italy to almost 600 MW at the end of the 2023 plan period.