In 2014, we launched the world’s first bio-refinery converted from a traditional refinery. Located in Venice, the conversion was made possible by Eni’s own patented innovations. Eni's Venice bio-refinery produces HVO, or hydrogenated vegetable oil, which is added to diesel fuel to meet European and national regulatory requirements which state that an increasing proportion of fuels must be made from raw materials from renewable sources. In 2020, with an authorised capacity of 400,000 tonnes/year, it processed around 220,000 tonnes of raw materials, of which more than 25% consisted of used cooking oils, animal fats and other waste vegetable oils. Since October 2022, Eni has phased out the use of oil palm in its biorefineries, well ahead the EU regulations due to apply from January 2023. With the construction of the new biomass treatment lines, the entire production capacity of the EcofiningTM plant will be satisfied with biological materials from the waste and residue chains, expanding feedstock options beyond those incentivised by European and national standards, thus definitively eliminating palm oil from the production of biofuels.
In order to promote initiatives to decarbonize the aviation sector and accelerate the process of energy transition of airports, signed an agreement with SEA, the Milan Malpensa and Milan Linate airports operator, for the supply of sustainable fuels for aviation (SAF – Sustainable Aviation Fuel) and for ground handling (HVO – Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil). This initiative is in line with the agreement finalized in January 2022 with Aeroporti di Roma which launched the first supplies of pure HVO hydrogenated biofuel, produced in Eni’s biorefinery in Porto Marghera, to fuel the road vehicles for handling passengers with reduced mobility at the airport. SAF production started in October, are produced exclusively from waste and residues.