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Our refinery in Taranto: product variety and flexibility

The site in the Apulia region (Italy's heel) is the most important logistical hub in southern Italy in terms of size and strategic position.

Site capacity and production cycle

Situated on the Ionian coast, the refinery has been operational since 1967, undergoing modernisation over the years to optimise its systems. At the authorised processing capacity of 6.5 million tonnes of crude oil per year, over 75% of which comes from Val D’Agri, around 5 million tonnes of products are put onto the market. The direct connection between the refinery and our fields in the Basilicata region is via a 137 km pipeline owned by SOM SpA (70% Eni and 30% Shell), which crosses 18 different municipalities:

  • 7 in the province of Potenza
  • 6 in the province of Matera
  • 5 in the province of Taranto.

The transportation system allows for the receipt, storage, processing and shipment of Italian crude oil. The refinery's strengths include:

  • logistical flexibility ensured by its large holding capacity
  • wide range of products obtained through a diversified processing cycle and high conversion factor.

The refinery is divided into different areas:

  • storage areas for crude oil, oil undergoing processing, and finished products
  • the production plants
  • ground product loading
  • wharf area for products arriving and leaving by sea.

The incoming crude oil undergoes fractional distillation and desulphuring to convert it into:

  • diesel/fuel oil
  • jet fuel
  • petrol
  • naphtha
  • heating oils
  • bituminous products
  • LPG.

The finished products are shipped by sea from the wharf area, or else by land, using the loading area.

Cover Video Reel Taranto

Our refinery in Taranto

Safety comes first

Workplace safety is a fundamental principle that we share with employees, contract workers and local communities. For that reason, we implement all necessary measures to avoid accidents, including organisational models to assess and manage risk, training programmes, skills development and the promotion of a culture of safety.

Assets and people

People are an essential asset of the refinery, key to its success and very existence. We adopt a people-centric model which prioritises their protection and development of their skills and abilities, offering everyone the same opportunities on the basis of shared merit-based criteria and without discrimination. Over 400 people work in the refinery, representing its greatest strength in terms of achieving its production targets, and its safety and environmental protection goals. A continuous professional development plan ensures that staff know-how and skills increase and adapt alongside the evolution of the business. In line with Eni’s policies and guidelines, the refinery has adopted a Health, Safety, Environment, Serious Incident Prevention, and Security Policy, defining and communicating specific strategic principles for management of its activities. The refinery is ISO14001, EMAS, ISO50001 and OHSAS 18001 certified.

Impact on the Environment and Local Community

Safety and respect for the environment are the key elements taken into account in day-to-day management of the refinery. Continuous air-quality monitoring instruments for abatement of malodorous emissions and decontamination operations on the soil and aquifers are just some of the operations carried out. We are committed to operating in a responsible manner and promoting a sustainable development model, in accordance with Eni's values and the UN’s 2030 Agenda Sustainable Development Goals. Our sustainability strategy is a key part of our business model, and encourages projects and initiatives to meet the increasingly diverse and continually evolving needs of our stakeholders. The excellence of Eni's operational model features a constant commitment to risk reduction and creating opportunities throughout the entire life-cycle of our activities. This involves nurturing our people, safeguarding workplace health and safety, protecting the environment, respecting and promoting human rights, and a focus on transparency and fighting corruption.

The Taranto refinery aims to spread the culture and principles of  sustainable development by supporting initiatives and partnering with universities, schools and networks of excellence. The plant promotes research and innovation activities, with a particular focus on those bringing long-term benefits to the local area. With this in mind, and in synergy with the municipal administrations, it is an active part of the development of the circular economy and sustainable mobility, as already done in a municipality in the district, with the project for the production and laying of sustainable asphalt obtain from recycled end-of-life tyres (ELTs) mixed with bitumen produced by us.

Furthermore, the Taranto Refinery was also a key player in the Oilà project, for the recovery of spent food oils collected by the employees in their homes and delivered to special containers in the refinery. For this initiative, each employee received a can made with 75% plastic recycled from urban packaging, seeking to raise awareness on the recovery and recycling culture. The project offers a concrete and immediate contribution to the circular economy, transforming a waste that is potentially harmful for the environment, as is spent food oil, into a new energy resource.

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