The refinery is located on an area of 1.8 km2 in the municipalities of Livorno and Collesalvetti, near the port area north of Livorno, and has been in operation since 1938. Today it has a processing capacity of 5.2 million tons of crude oil per year. Its strategic location ensures optimal logistics management, thanks to the possibility of easily exchanging by sea, land and rail network. Rebuilt in just three years after the Second World War, the new plant was inaugurated by Enrico Mattei in 1954. The connection with the port facilities in Livorno, with two docks and the warehouse in Florence through two oil pipelines, the presence of a large fleet of tanks and numerous tanker and rail tanker loading bays optimise the receipt, storage, handling and distribution activities.
The production cycle
The production cycle at Livorno refinery is divided into two large areas.
The first sector is dedicated to the production of fuels:
- jet fuel
It also includes a plant for the production of special dearomatised products, for the solvent and cutting fluid market. A second area is devoted to the production of lubricating base oils for industrial and civil uses. It also includes plants for the production of specialities:
- TDAE - treated distillated aromatic extracts for tyre production
- conventional and modified bitumen
The refinery in Livorno is the only Eni site that manufactures this type of product, together with white petrolatum for applications in the food sector. The constant plant monitoring and improvement process aims to increase their efficiency. There is also a plant in the area for the mixing and packaging of lubricating oils and a combined cycle thermoelectric power plant, which produces electricity and steam.
There is also a plant in the area for the mixing and packaging of lubricating oils and a combined cycle thermoelectric power plant, which produces electricity and steam from methane gas for internal consumption.
Study launched for the third biorefinery in Livorno
In October 2022, Eni met with the President of the Tuscany Region Eugenio Giani and the mayors of Livorno, Luca Salvetti, and Collesalvetti, Adelio Antolini, to whom it confirmed that the potential implementation of a new biorefinery on the Eni industrial site in Livorno was under study.
The feasibility study involves the construction of three new plants for the production of hydrogenated biofuels: a biogenic charge pretreatment unit, a 500,000 ton/year Ecofining™ plant and a plant for the production of hydrogen from methane gas. The implementation of the new biorefinery in the industrial area, which today houses fuel and lubricant production plants, would maximise the synergies with the available infrastructure and ensure a future for the site in terms of both production and employment.
The design of the three new plants in Livorno will be completed by 2023 and they could be implemented by 2025. The Livorno refinery transformation plan will be subject to discussion with the local institutions and the sector trade unions within the scope of the participatory, inclusive industrial relations model.
Sustainability, a daily commitment
Respect for the environment is a primary element in the management of the refinery. The commitment to working responsibly and promoting a sustainable development model are part of the values of Eni and the Livorno refinery. The plants are constantly monitored with a view to environmental sustainability and maximum safety for people and the community. In this sense, several systems with key functions are active:
- water discharge control and monitoring systems
- emission control, monitoring and abatement systems
The sustainability strategy is integrated into the business model and stimulates projects and initiatives to respond to the increasingly diversified and constantly evolving needs of stakeholders. In this regard, in the Livorno area, some primary schools have joined the "Circular School" initiative promoted by Eniscuola, a project in line with the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations 2030 Agenda and with the communication activities developed by Eni on circular economy issues. The aim is to encourage young generations to adopt sustainable behaviours and lifestyles, stimulating the involvement of local communities to foster the dissemination of a culture of circularity and the reuse of resources. Closely linked to this theme is also the implementation in Livorno of the Oilà project, for the recovery of used food oils produced by employees in their homes. Started already in July 2018 at other Eni sites, the project contributes concretely and immediately to the reduction of pollution, transforming waste potentially harmful to the environment, such as waste vegetable oil, into a new energy resource.
The impact on the environment and the community
The refinery collaborates actively with the local community, in close ties with local authorities and organisations, playing an important role in the dissemination of the principles and culture of sustainable development, supporting initiatives, collaborating with universities, schools and networks of excellence, promoting research and innovation activities, with particular attention to activities that can bring long-term benefits. The historical presence in the area is also underline by a museum, built at the refinery. With displays of photographs, videos and period artefacts, the museum tells of the industrial evolution of the site and the history of the people who made it.
Assets and people
People are an indispensable element for the existence of the company. Their dedication and professionalism are decisive conditions and values for achieving the set objectives. Eni adopts a model based on the centrality of its people and their protection, the development of skills and competences, offering everyone the same opportunities on the basis of common criteria of merit and without discrimination. A concrete example is the continuous improvement of product quality and plant technology, accompanied by constant training of resources to enhance skills related to the integrated management system on safety, environment and health, and quality management systems.
Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) Policy
In line with Eni's policies and guidelines, the Livorno refinery has adopted its own Health, Safety, Environment and Major Accident Prevention Policy and for several years has been implementing an Environmental Management System compliant with UNI EN ISO 14001: 15 and Regulation (EC) 1221/2009 (SGA), updated by Regulation (EU) 1505/2017, which oversees all activities and operations carried out within the organisation that have or may have an effect on the surrounding environment. This voluntary system aims to continuously improve environmental performance. Again on a voluntary basis, the refinery obtained ISO 14001 certification in December 1999 and EMAS registration in September 2004. The refinery is also in possession of ISO 45001 (Health and Safety in the Workplace) and ISO 50001 (Energy Management System) certifications for the definition of energy objectives and the identification of the appropriate tools to achieve them.
crude processing capacity
people working in the refinery
development of special products
development of special products
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