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Gas: a bridge to a low-emissions future

Natural gas is capable of generating electricity with only half the CO₂ emissions of coal.

A low-carbon future

The short-term future of energy is "low-carbon". The longer-term future, a goal to which we are all committed, is "carbon free". Getting there will take time and will also require tools to make this transition possible. One of these is undoubtedly natural gas. Although also a fossil fuel, this raw material is uniquely placed to facilitate the transition from the current intensive use of carbon to a low-carbon future.

Natural gas is a blend of gaseous hydrocarbons, predominately methane, and is a cleaner energy source than coal or oil. In the transport sector, for example, the adoption of methane-based fuels can reduce CO2 emissions by 20-25 per cent compared to traditional fossil fuels such as gasoline and diesel.

But natural gas can have an even more positive impact when used as a means of generating electricity. In that context, natural gas has the lowest carbon footprint of all fossil fuels, generating about half the CO2 emissions of coal per kWh of electricity generated, even taking into account the “fugitive emissions” associated with methane production.

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Gas… by chance

Eni: a key player in the natural gas field

Gas production and distribution has three stages and Eni, aware of the fundamental role this hydrocarbon can play in ecological transition, is active in all three of them. 

The first, known as Upstream, involves the acquisition of exploitation rights, exploration, the setting up of extraction sites and extraction itself. 

Midstream – between Upstream and Downstream – is the gas procurement stage and includes primary separation and the removal of impurities. After the natural gas has been extracted from the wells, it is cleaned and dried.

The Downstream stage comes at the end of the process and includes transport as well as all aspects of the distribution and sale into the refined products market.